Grihavasa, Gṛhavāsa: 11 definitions


Grihavasa means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Gṛhavāsa can be transliterated into English as Grhavasa or Grihavasa, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Grihavasa in Purana glossary
Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Gṛhavāsa (गृहवास) refers to the “life at home”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.27 (“Description of the fraudulent words of the Brahmacārin”).—Accordingly, as Śiva (in guise of a Brahmacārin) said to Pārvatī: “[...] Handing over a gold coin you wish to buy a piece of glass. Setting aside the pure sandal paste you wish to smear mud over your body. Unmindful of the sunlight you wish to have the light of the glow worm. Throwing away the fine China silk you wish to wear the hide. Discarding the life at home (gṛhavāsa) you yearn for a life in the forest (vanavāsa), O madam, throwing away excellent treasure you wish a piece of iron in return? [...]”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Grihavasa in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Gṛhavāsa (गृहवास) refers to the “house holder life”:— The Bodhisattva knows that the householder life (gṛhavāsa) is the cause and condition (hetupratyaya) of many wrongs (āpatti). According, as he says to himself, “If I remain at home—I myself will be unable to carry out the pure practices (viśuddhacaryā); how then could I lead others to practice them? If I follow the rules of the householder life, I would have a whip and a stick, etc., and I would be tormenting beings. If I act in conformity with the Holy Dharma, I will violate the rules of the householder life. I have two things to think about: if I do not leave home today, I will, of course, be forced to leave it at the time of death; if I abandon it by myself today, my merit (puṇya) will be great”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Grihavasa in Jainism glossary
Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Gṛhavāsa (गृहवास) refers to “dwelling in a house”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “When dwelling in a house (gṛhavāsa), [a lifestyle] which is full of great misfortune [and] exceedingly despicable, victory over carelessness cannot be achieved even by the very wise. The unsteady mind cannot be subdued by householders. Therefore, the state of a householder is abandoned by wise men for peace of mind”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Grihavasa in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

gṛhavāsa (गृहवास).—m (S) Dwelling in a habitation, i. e. leading civil life. Opp. to araṇyavāsa.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Grihavasa in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Gṛhāvāsa (गृहावास).—m. (= Pali gharāvāsa; compare Sanskrit gṛha-vāsa), living at home, in the householder's state, contrasted with ascetic life: Rāṣṭrapālaparipṛcchā 12.16 (prose), where Finot em. gṛha°; Jātakamālā 181.21 (mss.; Kern em. gṛha°); Mahāvastu iii.50.12, text gṛhā°, to be sure with v.l. gṛha°. Pali seems to support gṛhā° adequately, tho elsewhere (e.g. Mahāvastu ii.69.1; 117.19) the regular Sanskrit gṛha° occurs.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gṛhavāsa (गृहवास).—m. 1. domestic life. [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 27, 3. 2. living as householder, the second order of brahmanical life, Mahābhārata 13, 2181.

Gṛhavāsa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms gṛha and vāsa (वास).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gṛhavāsa (गृहवास).—[masculine] = gṛhāśama.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gṛhavāsa (गृहवास):—[=gṛha-vāsa] [from gṛha > gṛbh] m. living in one’s own house, office of a householder, [Mahābhārata xiii.]

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Gṛhavāsa (गृहवास) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Gharasa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Grihavasa in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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