Grantha: 13 definitions
Grantha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
General definition (in Hinduism)Source: archive.org: A History of Indian Philosophy
A verse containing thirty-two letters is called a grantha.
General definition (in Buddhism)Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha
Grantha (ग्रन्थ) or Granthadhāraṇī refers to “the rentention of a book” and represents the “four retentions” (dhāraṇī) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 52). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (e.g., grantha). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.
Languages of India and abroad
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
grantha (ग्रंथ).—m (S) A book or composition in prose or verse. 2 Stringing together, connecting, composing, lit. fig. 3 A book, a part, a division or section of a book. 4 A metre or a metrical line of thirty-two syllables. 5 fig. A design, plan, scheme, arrangement. granthācī granthāntara ṭīkā One book explains another.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
grantha (ग्रंथ).—m A book or composition in prose or verse. Composing. Fig. A design.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Grantha (ग्रन्थ).—[granth saṃdarbhe bhāve ghañ]
1) Binding, stringing together (fig. also).
2) A work, treatise, composition, literary production, book; ग्रन्थारम्भे, ग्रन्थकृत्, ग्रन्थसमाप्ति (granthārambhe, granthakṛt, granthasamāpti) &c.
3) Wealth, property.
4) A verse consisting of 32 syllables, written in the Anuṣṭubh metre.
Derivable forms: granthaḥ (ग्रन्थः).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Grantha (ग्रन्थ).—m. (= Pali gantha; Sanskrit uses granthi, but [Page218-b+ 71] not grantha, in much the same way; compare prec. and next), bond, fetter (to worldly life): Mahāvyutpatti 2145 = Tibetan mdud pa, knot; context indicates fig. (religious) application.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-nthaḥ) 1. Stringing or tying together, (literally or metaphorically.) 2. Wealth, property. 3. A book or composition in prose or verse. 4. A metre or measure of thirty two syllables. E. grantha to dispose or arrange, affix bhāve karmaṇi vā ghañ .Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Grantha (ग्रन्थ).—[granth + a], m. 1. A literary composition, a book, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 108, 16; Mahābhārata 12, 11340. 2. Wealth, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 12.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Grantha (ग्रन्थ).—[masculine] arranging of words, composition, text, chapter, section.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Grantha (ग्रन्थ):—[from granth] m. tying, binding, stringing together, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
2) [v.s. ...] = thi, a knot, [Taittirīya-saṃhitā vi, 2, 9, 4] ([varia lectio])
3) [v.s. ...] honeycomb, [Pāṇini 4-3, 116], [vArttika]
4) [v.s. ...] an artificial arrangement of words ([especially] of 32 syllables = śloka, [Jaina literature]), verse, composition, treatise, literary production, book in prose or verse, text (opposed to artha ‘meaning’ [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā; Vākyapadīya; Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha]), [Nirukta, by Yāska i, 20; Pāṇini; Mahābhārata; Upaniṣad] etc.
5) [v.s. ...] a section (of, [Kāṭhaka])
6) [v.s. ...] the book or sacred scriptures of the Sikhs containing short moral poems by Nānak Ṣāh and others (cf. [Religious Thought and Life in India] pp. 158-177)
7) [v.s. ...] wealth, property, [Jaina literature [Scholiast or Commentator]] (cf. uttara-, nir-, ṣaḍ-.)
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)