Grantha, Gramtha: 16 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Grantha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Grantha (ग्रन्थ) refers to the “(Kula) scripture”, according to the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā, an expansion of the Kubjikāmatatantra: the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—Accordingly, “Again, the one who pierces the mind (cittavedha) (with the energy of grace) is a (true) teacher. He should awaken the unawakened to the Kula scripture (grantha) by means of good languages (subhāṣā). The one who can explain the (yogic states known as) ‘Established in the Body’ (piṇḍastha), ‘Established on the Plane’ (padastha) and the procedure (krama) related to (the ritual offering) of bodily substances—what is supreme, subtle and gross—is a (true) teacher. (Caste is) no consideration, (whatever he be,) starting from a Brahmin to an outcaste. Indeed, the teacher is one whose action (kriyā) (ritual and yogic) is such is said to be a Brahmin (vipra—regardless of his caste)”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: archive.org: A History of Indian Philosophy

A verse containing thirty-two letters is called a grantha.

In Buddhism

General definition (in Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Grantha (ग्रन्थ) or Granthadhāraṇī refers to “the rentention of a book” and represents the “four retentions” (dhāraṇī) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 52). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (e.g., grantha). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

grantha (ग्रंथ).—m (S) A book or composition in prose or verse. 2 Stringing together, connecting, composing, lit. fig. 3 A book, a part, a division or section of a book. 4 A metre or a metrical line of thirty-two syllables. 5 fig. A design, plan, scheme, arrangement. granthācī granthāntara ṭīkā One book explains another.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

grantha (ग्रंथ).—m A book or composition in prose or verse. Composing. Fig. A design.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Grantha (ग्रन्थ).—[granth saṃdarbhe bhāve ghañ]

1) Binding, stringing together (fig. also).

2) A work, treatise, composition, literary production, book; ग्रन्थारम्भे, ग्रन्थकृत्, ग्रन्थसमाप्ति (granthārambhe, granthakṛt, granthasamāpti) &c.

3) Wealth, property.

4) A verse consisting of 32 syllables, written in the Anuṣṭubh metre.

Derivable forms: granthaḥ (ग्रन्थः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Grantha (ग्रन्थ).—m. (= Pali gantha; Sanskrit uses granthi, but [Page218-b+ 71] not grantha, in much the same way; compare prec. and next), bond, fetter (to worldly life): Mahāvyutpatti 2145 = Tibetan mdud pa, knot; context indicates fig. (religious) application.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Grantha (ग्रन्थ).—m.

(-nthaḥ) 1. Stringing or tying together, (literally or metaphorically.) 2. Wealth, property. 3. A book or composition in prose or verse. 4. A metre or measure of thirty two syllables. E. grantha to dispose or arrange, affix bhāve karmaṇi vā ghañ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Grantha (ग्रन्थ).—[granth + a], m. 1. A literary composition, a book, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 108, 16; Mahābhārata 12, 11340. 2. Wealth, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 12.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Grantha (ग्रन्थ).—[masculine] arranging of words, composition, text, chapter, section.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Grantha (ग्रन्थ):—[from granth] m. tying, binding, stringing together, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) [v.s. ...] = thi, a knot, [Taittirīya-saṃhitā vi, 2, 9, 4] ([varia lectio])

3) [v.s. ...] honeycomb, [Pāṇini 4-3, 116], [vArttika]

4) [v.s. ...] an artificial arrangement of words ([especially] of 32 syllables = śloka, [Jaina literature]), verse, composition, treatise, literary production, book in prose or verse, text (opposed to artha ‘meaning’ [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā; Vākyapadīya; Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha]), [Nirukta, by Yāska i, 20; Pāṇini; Mahābhārata; Upaniṣad] etc.

5) [v.s. ...] a section (of, [Kāṭhaka])

6) [v.s. ...] the book or sacred scriptures of the Sikhs containing short moral poems by Nānak Ṣāh and others (cf. [Religious Thought and Life in India] pp. 158-177)

7) [v.s. ...] wealth, property, [Jaina literature [Scholiast or Commentator]] (cf. uttara-, nir-, ṣaḍ-.)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Grantha (ग्रन्थ):—(nthaḥ) 1. m. Stringing; wealth; a metre.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Grantha (ग्रन्थ) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Gaṃtha, Guṃdha.

[Sanskrit to German]

Grantha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Graṃtha (ಗ್ರಂಥ):—

1) [noun] the act of tying, binding together.

2) [noun] a literary, philosophical, scientific work, anthology, etc. so prepared, distinguished by length and form from a magazine, tract, etc.; a treatise, a book.

3) [noun] a formal, systematic written article or book on some subject, esp. a discussion of facts, evidence or principles and the conclusions based on these; a treatise.

4) [noun] the holy scriptures of any religion.

5) [noun] any of the four Vēdās, sacred books of Hindus.

6) [noun] a verse in the meter anuṣṭuppu, in which each foot has eight letters.

7) [noun] a set of thirty-two syllables.

8) [noun] the Tamiḷ alphabet system adapted as to be able to write Saṃskřta words as per their original pronunciations.

9) [noun] knowledge of excellent or worthy subject or subjects.

10) [noun] (math.) the number which is divided or to be divided by another.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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