Gonarda, Go-narda: 12 definitions

Introduction:

Gonarda means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Gonarda (गोनर्द) is a Sanskrit word referring to the “hill partridge”. The meat of this animal is part of the māṃsavarga (‘group of flesh’), which is used throughout Ayurvedic literature. The animal Gonarda is part of the group of birds named Vartakādi, which is a sub-group of Viṣkira, refering to “birds similar to common quail who eat while scattering the gains”. It was classified by Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Ayurvedic work. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic properties of the substance.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Gonarda (गोनर्द).—(c)—an eastern region.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 16. 55; Matsya-purāṇa 114. 45.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Gonarda (गोनर्द) refers to a country belonging to “Dakṣiṇa or Dakṣiṇadeśa (southern division)” classified under the constellations of Uttaraphālguni, Hasta and Citrā, according to the system of Kūrmavibhāga, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 14), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “The countries of the Earth beginning from the centre of Bhāratavarṣa and going round the east, south-east, south, etc., are divided into 9 divisions corresponding to the 27 lunar asterisms at the rate of 3 for each division and beginning from Kṛttikā. The constellations of Uttaraphālguni, Hasta and Citrā represent the southern division consisting of [i.e., Gonarda] [...]”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Gonarda (गोनर्द).—

1) the (Indian) crane.

2) an epithet of Śiva (bellowing like a bull).

3) Name of a country.

Derivable forms: gonardaḥ (गोनर्दः).

Gonarda is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms go and narda (नर्द).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gonarda (गोनर्द).—m.

(-rdaḥ) The Sarasa or Indian crane. n.

(-rdaṃ) A fragrant grass, (Cyperus rotundus.) E. go water, nard to sound, affix ac.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gonarda (गोनर्द).—[masculine] [plural] [Name] of a people.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Gonarda (गोनर्द) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—Kāmaśāstra. Quoted by Mallinātha Oxf. 113^b.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Gonarda (गोनर्द):—[=go-narda] [from go] m. ‘bellowing like a bull’, Śiva, [Mahābhārata xii, 10430]

2) [v.s. ...] the bird Ardea sibirica (cf. -nandī), [Caraka i, 27, 54]

3) [v.s. ...] Name of a king of Kaśmīr, [Harivaṃśa] (cf. -nanda)

4) [v.s. ...] of an author, [Kumāra-sambhava vii, 95 [Scholiast or Commentator]]

5) [v.s. ...] of a mountain ([varia lectio] go-manta), [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā v, 68 [Scholiast or Commentator]]

6) [v.s. ...] m. [plural] Name of a people in the Dekhan (or in the east, [Pāṇini 1-1, 75; Kāśikā-vṛtti]), [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā] ([varia lectio] go-nana)

7) [v.s. ...] n. Cyperus rotundus, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gonarda (गोनर्द):—[go-narda] (rdaḥ) 1. m. The sāras or Indian crane. n. Fragrant grass.

[Sanskrit to German]

Gonarda in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Gōnarda (ಗೋನರ್ದ):—[adjective] emitting a hollow, loud cry, like a bull or cow.

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Gōnarda (ಗೋನರ್ದ):—

1) [noun] the bird Ardea sibirica of Ardeidae family.

2) [noun] name of a country.

3) [noun] people belonging to that country.

4) [noun] the grass Cyperus rotundus ( = C. hexastachyus) of Cyperaceae family; sedge.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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