Gola, Golā, Goḷa: 23 definitions

Introduction:

Gola means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Goḷa can be transliterated into English as Gola or Golia, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Gol.

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Kubjikāmata-tantra

1) Gola (गोल, “ball”):—Fourth seat of the Svādhiṣṭhāna (2nd chakra), according to the Kubjikāmata-tantra. It is identified with the fourth of the seven worlds, named maharloka. Together, these seven seatsthey form the Brahmāṇḍa (cosmic egg). The Gola seat points to the north-west.

The associated pura is called guṇa, at the head of which is the Siddha named Viśvanātha. These Siddhas are considered to have been the expounders of the kula doctrine in former times.

The associated dhātu (constituents of the physical body) is the Fat (medas).

2) Golā (गोला):—One of the twelve guṇas associated with Gola, the sixth seat of the Svādhiṣṭhāna-chakra. According to tantric sources such as the Śrīmatottara-tantra and the Gorakṣasaṃhitā (Kādiprakaraṇa), these twelve guṇas are represented as female deities. According to the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā however, they are explained as particular syllables. They (e.g. Golā) only seem to play an minor role with regard to the interpretation of the Devīcakra (first of five chakras, as taught in the Kubjikāmata-tantra).

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Google Books: The goladhyaya in Nityananda’s Sarvasiddhanta-raja

Gola (गोल) refers to the “sphere (of constellations)”, according to a particular manuscript of Nityānanda’s Sarvasiddhāntarāja.—[...] Different tones of ink are used to indicate the different orbital spheres in these diagrams, e.g., in the excerpted digital trace from f. 20 r. There are diagrams depicting the spherical triangles formed by intersecting great circles on the celestial sphere on ff. 28v–30v; a digital trace from f. 28v is shown here to the right On f. 35 v, we find a remarkable diagram (digital trace seen to the left) presenting the sizes of the orbits of the planets (measured in yojanas)in a geocentric model of concentric spheres extending outwards up to the sphere of constellations (nakṣatra-gola).

Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms

Gola (गोल).—1. Sphere. 2. Celestial sphere. 3. Hemisphere; northern or southern hemispheres 4. Spherics. Note: Gola is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Gola (गोल) refers to a “ball”, according to the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā, an expansion of the Kubjikāmatatantra: the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—Accordingly, “[...] Once the Self, both manifest and unmanifest, has been aroused by that, this Śāmbhava (state) of subtle being is confined by it. 1) Thus (the principle) called the Confiner (nairodhika) arose first in the form of a ball (gola-ākāra). [...] This fourfold energy (catuṣkala) of the quaternary beginning with the Transmental has arisen (thus). It is disturbed by (this) Krama Yoga and is the pure Śāmbhava body which has sixteen divisions (formed) by (each) group of four individually”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Golā.—(IA 21), a district. (EI 31), a granary. Note: golā is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

Source: Ancient Buddhist Texts: Geography of Early Buddhism

Gola (गोल) or Gula is the name of a locality situated in Dakkhiṇāpatha (Deccan) or “southern district” of ancient India, as recorded in the Pāli Buddhist texts (detailing the geography of ancient India as it was known in to Early Buddhism).—Gola is mentioned in the Barhut inscriptions. The location of the place is, however, unknown. The Purāṇas mention Gulangula as a country in the Deccan.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Gola in Pakistan is the name of a plant defined with Plantago lanceolata in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Plantago lanceolata L. subsp. communis (Schltr.) Jahand. & Maire (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Species Plantarum (1753)
· CIS Chromosome Information Service (1990)
· Botaničeskij Žurnal (1995)
· Flora Mediterranea (1997)
· Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzenge schichte und Pflanzengeographie (1985)
· Thaiszia (1997)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Gola, for example side effects, diet and recipes, extract dosage, pregnancy safety, health benefits, chemical composition, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

goḷa : (m.; nt.) a ball.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

gōla (गोल).—a (S) Circular, cylindrical, or spherical; round gen.

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gōla (गोल).—m (S) Any thing globular or cylindrical, a cylinder, globe, ball, orb. 2 An artificial globe. See khagōla, bhūgōla, dṛggōla. 3 A round pole or rafter: also a pole rounded by the turning lathe. 4 unc Circularity; sphericity; cylindricity. 5 The wooden ball used in the play of trapstick. 6 An embroidered border (as of a turban). 7 An aggregated mass; a troop or column; a crowd, flock, or herd; a body or volume (as of fire). 8 A division or half of the zodiac. 9 A globose flower-wreath or ball of strung flowers. See, if curious, under tu- rā. 10 A certain river-fish. 11 A single gold or silver wire of a twist (as of a gōpha, karagōṭā &c.)

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gōlā (गोला).—m Commonly gōlyā.

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gōḷa (गोळ).—m & a Incorrectly used for gōla.

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gōḷā (गोळा).—m (gōla) A globe or ball gen. 2 A mass, lump, clod, clot. 3 An assemblage; any gathering together (of persons, beasts, things). 4 fig. A wretch without arms and legs or without the power of using them. 5 (Contemptuously.) A meal, answering to the words a lump, a sop, a morsel, a gobbet. Ex. divasānta ēka vēḷa gōḷā dilhā mhaṇajē āṭhā praharācī kāḷajī vāralī. 6 An abortion. 7 A ball of silver (as a substitute for a pearl) strung to the nose. 8 A general name for the stones of fruits or for the included kernel and for the larger pea-like seeds which have no specific name. Ex. badāmagōḷā, pistēgōḷā, bhuīmūgagōḷā, kājūgōḷā, tāḍa- gōḷā, uṇḍēgōḷā, bibavāgōḷā, ēlacīcā gōḷā. gōḷā karaṇēṃ To gather together. gōḷā giḷaṇēṃ To gulp (a bribe, an embezzlement &c.) gōḷā ṭākaṇēṃ To drop the womb. gōḷābhara A belly full, a sufficiency to satisfy hunger. gōḷā māraṇēṃ To gobble; to bolt. gōḷē gāṃvālā vēḍhā ghālaṇēṃ (-paḍaṇēṃ v i) Joco remoto, to grasp a ball of rice; to sit at meat.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

gōla (गोल).—a Round. Circular, cylindrical or spherical. m A globe.

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gōḷā (गोळा).—m A globe. A mass. An assemblage. A wretch without arms and legs or without the power of using them A morsel. gōḷā karaṇēṃ Gather together. gōḷābhara A belly-full. gōḷā māraṇēṃ Gobble.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Gola (गोल) or Golā (गोला).—[guḍ ac ḍasya laḥ]

1) A ball, globe; कदम्बगोलाकृतिमाश्रितः कथम् (kadambagolākṛtimāśritaḥ katham) Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 7.1.

2) The celestial or terrestrial globe.

3) A circle.

4) A sphere, anything round or globular.

-laḥ 1 A widow's bastard; cf. कुण्ड (kuṇḍa); Y.1.222.

2) The conjunction of several planets or the presence of several in one sign.

3) Myrrh.

-lā 1 A wooden ball with which children play.

2) A large globular water-jar.

3) Red arsenic.

4) Ink.

5) A woman's female friend.

6) Name of Durgā.

7) Name of the river Godāvari.

Derivable forms: golaḥ (गोलः), golam (गोलम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Gola (गोल).—m. (in this sense Sanskrit Lex. nt. and golā, f.), bottle: Mahāvyutpatti 9415 = Tibetan bum pa; Chin. large bottle. Cf. next.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gola (गोल).—mn.

(-laḥ-laṃ) A circle, a ball, any thing round or globular. m.

(-laḥ) 1. A widow’s bastard. 2. Myrrh. 3. A tree, (Vangueria spinosa.) 4. A globe, celestial or terrestrial. 5. Conjunction of planets, or the presence of several in one sign. f.

(-lā) 1. A globe. a sphere, a Mandala. 2. A wooden ball with which children play. 3. A woman’s female friend. 4. The Godavari river. 5. A large water jar. 6. Ink. 7. Red arsenic. 8. A name of the goddess Durga. E. go heaven, water, &c. and la what gets or receives; again, guḍ to be round, &c. affix ac and ḍa changed to la. ḍalayoraikyāt .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gola (गोल).— (cf. guḍa) m. A ball, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 5, 20, 30; of the Kadamba's flower, [Mālatīmādhava, (ed. Calc.)] p. 116.

— Cf. guḍa.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gola (गोल).—[masculine] ball, globe; a widow’s bastard.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Gola (गोल):—m. (= guḍa) ‘a ball’ See -krīḍā

2) globe (as the celestial globe or as the globe of the sun or of the earth), [Sūryasiddhānta; Sūryaprajñapti; Bhāgavata-purāṇa] etc.

3) a hemisphere (of the earth), [Sūryasiddhānta]

4) = -yantra, [Golādhyāya xi, 2]

5) Vangueria spinosa, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) myrrh, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) a widow’s bastard, [Yājñavalkya i, 222; Varāha-purāṇa; Śūdra-dharma-tattva]

8) the conjunction of all the planets in one sign, [Laghujātaka, by Varāha-mihira x, 11]

9) Name of a country, [Romakasiddhānta] (cf. golla)

10) of a son of Ākrīḍa, [Harivaṃśa] (kola [edition] Calc.)

11) nf. a circle, sphere (maṇḍala), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

12) n. a large globular water-jar, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

13) Golā (गोला):—[from gola] f. a ball to play with, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

14) [v.s. ...] red arsenic, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

15) [v.s. ...] ink, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

16) [v.s. ...] a woman’s female friend, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

17) [v.s. ...] Name of Durgā, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

18) [v.s. ...] of a river (= go-dā, or go-dāvarī), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] (cf. gala-golin.)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gola (गोल):—[(laḥ-lā)] 1. m. f. A circle, a ball; a widow’s bastard. f. A globe, a sphere; a ball; a jar; a confi dant; ink; arsenic.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Golā (गोला) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Goḍā, Gola.

[Sanskrit to German]

Gola in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Gola (गोल) [Also spelled gol]:—(a) round; circular; globular; (nm) a goal (in games); misappropriation; mess, confusion; gang; ~[gappā] a small cake-like Indian preparation taken with spiced water; corpulent, chubby; —[gola] equivocal; fat; round; ~[maṭola] equivocal; vague; fat, corpulent; ~[māpī] spherometer; ~[māla] mess, confusion; ~[mola] vague, ambiguous; hotch-potch; •[uttara denā] to fence with question/questioner; •[bāteṃ karanā] to double and twist; —[karanā] to evade, to avoid, not to implement; —[bāṃdhanā] to form into a gang.

2) Golā (गोला):—(nm) a ball; cannon-ball; a bomb shell; kernel of a cocoanut; sphere; globe; a large round beam (of wood); colic; ~[ī] roundness, rotundity, sphericity; curvature, ~[bārī] shelling, bombardment; —[bāruda] ammunition.

context information

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Gola (गोल) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Gola.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Gōla (ಗೋಲ):—

1) [noun] the state of being spherical.

2) [noun] any round body or figure having the surface equally distant from the centre at all points; a globe; a ball.

3) [noun] a plane figure bounded by a single curved line, every point of which is equally distant from the point at the centre of the figure; a circle.

4) [noun] the plant Xeromphis spinosa ( = Gardenia floribunda, = Randi dumetorum) of Rubiaceae family.

5) [noun] an illegitimate son of a widow.

6) [noun] (astrol.) the condition of six (according to some seven) planets being in the same house.

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Gōḷa (ಗೋಳ):—[noun] any of several domesticated or wild varieties of a large, strong species (Equus caballus) of perissodactylous mammal having a long, flowing tail; a horse.

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Gōḷa (ಗೋಳ):—

1) [noun] the state of being spherical.

2) [noun] any round body or figure having the surface equally distant from the centre at all points; a globe; a ball.

3) [noun] a plane figure bounded by a single curved line, every point of which is equally distant from the point at the centre of the figure; a circle.

4) [noun] the plant Xeromphis spinosa ( = Gardenia floribunda, = Randi dumetorum) of Rubiaceae family.

5) [noun] an illegitimate son of a widow.

6) [noun] (astrol.) the condition of six (according to some seven) planets being in the same house.

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Gōḻa (ಗೋೞ):—[noun] = ಗೋಳ [gola].

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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