Gokula, aka: Go-kula; 7 Definition(s)

Introduction

Gokula means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana

[Gokula in Purana glossaries]

Gokula (गोकुल).—See Vraja.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa II. 7. 31; Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 1. 74; 5. 7; 11. 13.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

[Gokula in Vaishnavism glossaries]

Gokula (गोकुल) refers to place north of Nandanagara according to the Garga-saṃhitā 2.17.31. Accordingly, “Śrī-Bhagavān said: O girl whose thighs are graceful as banana trees, I live in Gokula, just north of Nanda’s palace in Nandanagara. My name is Gopadevatā”.

(Source): Devotees Vaishnavas: Śrī Garga Saṃhitā
Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Itihasa (narrative history)

[Gokula in Itihasa glossaries]

Gokula (गोकुल) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. VIII.4.38) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Gokula) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

(Source): JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
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Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[Gokula in Pali glossaries]

gokula : (nt.) a cow-shed.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

[Gokula in Marathi glossaries]

gōkula (गोकुल).—n (S) pop. gōkūḷa n The name of the village at which kṛṣṇa was brought up. 2 The mud figures (of men, walls, cattle &c. in representation of the village) made on the eighth of śrāvaṇa. 3 fig. Promiscuous and licentious intercourse. v māja. gōkuḷānta yēṇēṃ (To enter into gōkūḷa, i. e. the infinite and omnipresent Deity as incarnate in kṛṣṇa to be comprehended within the limits of gōkūḷa) To be contracted or reduced into little--life, riches &c.: also to come within manageable or convenient compass or dimensions--a business.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

gōkula (गोकुल).—n The town where kṛṣṇa was brought up. Promiscuous and licentious intercourse.

--- OR ---

gōkūḷa (गोकूळ).—n The town where kṛṣṇa was brought up. Promiscuous and licentious intercourse.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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