Gokula, Go-kula: 18 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Gokula means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Gokula (गोकुल).—See Vraja.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa II. 7. 31; Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 1. 74; 5. 7; 11. 13.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Gokula (गोकुल) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. VIII.4.38) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Gokula) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Devotees Vaishnavas: Śrī Garga Saṃhitā

Gokula (गोकुल) refers to place north of Nandanagara according to the Garga-saṃhitā 2.17.31. Accordingly, “Śrī-Bhagavān said: O girl whose thighs are graceful as banana trees, I live in Gokula, just north of Nanda’s palace in Nandanagara. My name is Gopadevatā”.

Source: Acta Orientalia vol. 74 (2013): Historical sequence of the Vaiṣṇava Divyadeśas

Gokula (Āyppāṭi) refers to one of the 108 Vaishnava Divya Desam (divyadeśas or divyasthalas), located in the topographical division of Vaṭanāṭu (“North India”), according to the 9th century Nālāyirativviyappirapantam (shortly Nālāyiram).—Tradition would record the Vaiṣṇava divyadeśas or divyasthalas are 108. The divyadeśa is a base of the cult of Viṣṇu in Viṣṇuism [Vaiṣṇavism] tradition. The list of 108 [viz., Gokula] seems to have reached maturation by about the early 9th century CE as all the deśas are extolled in the hymns of the twelve Āḻvārs.

Source: Pure Bhakti: Brhad Bhagavatamrtam

Gokula (गोकुल) refers to:—The aspect of Vṛndāvana situated in the highest realm of the spiritual world; the abode where Śrī Kṛṣṇa manifests His original and topmost feature as a cowherd boy, surrounded by His intimate and loving servitors, the gopas and gopīs of Vraja. (cf. Glossary page from Śrī Bṛhad-bhāgavatāmṛta).

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Gokula.—(EI 9), cf. ‘officer in charge of the gokulas’; cf. Gokul-ādhikārin, Gokulika, Gomaṇḍalika. (SITI), a temple of Kṛṣṇa; also called āyappāḍi in Tamil. Note: gokula is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

gokula : (nt.) a cow-shed.

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

gōkula (गोकुल).—n (S) pop. gōkūḷa n The name of the village at which kṛṣṇa was brought up. 2 The mud figures (of men, walls, cattle &c. in representation of the village) made on the eighth of śrāvaṇa. 3 fig. Promiscuous and licentious intercourse. v māja. gōkuḷānta yēṇēṃ (To enter into gōkūḷa, i. e. the infinite and omnipresent Deity as incarnate in kṛṣṇa to be comprehended within the limits of gōkūḷa) To be contracted or reduced into little--life, riches &c.: also to come within manageable or convenient compass or dimensions--a business.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

gōkula (गोकुल).—n The town where kṛṣṇa was brought up. Promiscuous and licentious intercourse.

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gōkūḷa (गोकूळ).—n The town where kṛṣṇa was brought up. Promiscuous and licentious intercourse.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Gokula (गोकुल).—

1) a herd of kine; वृष्टिव्याकुलगोकुलावनरसादुद्धृत्य गोवर्धनम् (vṛṣṭivyākulagokulāvanarasāduddhṛtya govardhanam) Gīt.4; गोकुलस्य तृषा- र्तस्य (gokulasya tṛṣā- rtasya) Mb.

2) a cow-house.

3) Name of a village (where Kṛṣṇa was brought up).

Derivable forms: gokulam (गोकुलम्).

Gokula is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms go and kula (कुल).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gokula (गोकुल).—n.

(-laṃ) 1. A herd of kine, a multitude of cattle. 2. A cow-house or station. 3. A village or tract on the Jumna, the residence of Nanda and of Krishna during his youth. n. go a cow, and kula an assemblage.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gokula (गोकुल).—n. 1. a herd of kine, [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 9, 60. 2. the name of a temple, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 23.

Gokula is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms go and kula (कुल).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gokula (गोकुल).—[neuter] herd or station of cattle.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Gokula (गोकुल) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—See Utprekṣāvallabha.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Gokula (गोकुल):—[=go-kula] [from go] n. a herd of kine, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] a cow-house or station, [ib.]

3) [v.s. ...] a village or tract on the Yamunā (residence of Nanda and of Kṛṣṇa during his youth, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa; Religious Thought and Life in India p.113] the inhabitants of that place), [Bhāgavata-purāṇa ii, 7, 31]

4) [v.s. ...] Name of a certain sanctuary or holy place, [Rājataraṅgiṇī v, 23]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gokula (गोकुल):—[go-kula] (laṃ) 1. n. A herd of kine; a cow-house; place on the Jumna.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Gokula (गोकुल):—(go + kula) n.

1) Rinderheerde, Standort von Rindern [Amarakoṣa 2, 9, 58.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1273.] grāmānvā bahugokulān [Mahābhārata 3, 17179. 4, 999.] gokulasya tṛṣārtasya [13, 1682.] [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 9, 60. 61. 2, 46, 17. 4, 40, 24.] [Mṛcchakaṭikā 116, 10.] [Gītagovinda 4, 23.] [Rājataraṅgiṇī 4, 198. 5, 432.] [Prabodhacandrodaja 81, 8.] Insbes. die Rinderstation des Kuhhirten Nanda: kālena vrajatā tāta gokule rāmakeśavau . jānubhyāṃ saha pāṇibhyāṃ riṅgamāṇau vijahratuḥ .. [Bhāgavatapurāṇa im Śabdakalpadruma] Auch die Bewohner dieser Station [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 2, 7, 31.] —

2) ein best. Heiligthum: śūravarmā svāminaṃ ca gokulaṃ ca vinirmame [Rājataraṅgiṇī 5, 23.]

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Gokula (गोकुल):—

3) n. Nomen proprium eines Dorfes am linken Ufer der Yamunā [WILSON, Sel. Works 1,120.] [Oxforder Handschriften 145,b,2. 300,a,8 v. u.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Gokula (गोकुल):—n.

1) Rinderheerde [Kāraṇḍavyūha 3015.] Standort von Rindern.

2) die Rinderstation des Kuhhirten Nanda.

3) Nomen proprium — a) eines Heiligthums. — b) eines Dorfes an der Yamunā.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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