Godhuma, Godhūma, Go-dhuma: 19 definitions



Godhuma means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Godhūma (वेणुयव) is a Sanskrit word referring to “wheat”. It is a type of “awned grain” (śūkadhānya), according to Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Ayurvedic work. The literal translation of the word is “earth-smoke”, it is composed of go (‘earth’) and dhūma (‘smoke’). The plant Godhūma is part of the Śūkadhānyavarga group of medicinal plants, referring to the “group of awned grains”. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic value of the plant. Godhūma is union-promoting, vāta-alleviating, sweet, cold, vitalising, bulk-promoting, aphrodisiac, unctuous, stabiliser and heavy in character.

Source: archive.org: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Godhūma (गोधूम) refers to “products made of wheat”, which is mentioned in verse 3.12 and 29.31 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “[...] Having thereupon bathed according to ritual—with the oil removed by an astringent—,rubbed (one’s body) with musk-charged saffron, (and) fumigated (oneself) with aloe-wood one shall (at last) turn to rich, broths, fat meat, rum, barm, arrack, delicious products made of wheat [viz., godhūma], (rice-)flour, urd-beans, sugarcane, and milk, [...]”.

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

Godhūma (गोधूम) refers to “wheat” and is classified as a type of grain (dhānya) in the section on śūkadhānya (awned grains) in the Bhojanakutūhala (dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana), and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—The author explains the characteristics and the properties of various food grains (dhānyas). [...] The section śūkadhānya includes the varieties and properties of rice (śāli), wheat (godhūma) and barley (yava).

Godhūma or “wheat” is mentioned as being beneficial (hita) to the body according to the same work. Here In the śūkadhānya (awned grains) group Godhūma (wheat) is mentioned as beneficial to the body (hita).

Godhūma or “wheat” is classified as a ‘light foodstuff’ as opposed to śālipiṣṭa (rice flour).—Heavy food should [viz., śālipiṣṭa] to be eaten only until one is half satisfied. Light food [viz., godhūma] can be eaten until the full satisfaction is obtained. A man whose digestive fire is weak, should abandon heavy food.

Godhūma or “wheat” is mentioned in a list of potential causes for indigestion.—A complete section in Bhojanakutūhala is devoted for the description of agents that cause indigestion [viz., godhūma (wheat)]. These agents consumed on a large scale can cause indigestion for certain people. The remedies [viz., karkaṭī (cucumber) or kitava (thorn apple)] for these types of indigestions are also explained therewith.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

1) Godhūma (गोधूम) refers to “wheat” which is used in the worship of Śiva, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.13:—“[...] then the Ācamana shall be offered and cloth dedicated. Gingelly seeds, barley grains, wheat (godhūma), green gram or black gram shall then be offered to Śiva with various mantras. Then flowers shall be offered to the five-faced noble soul. Lotuses, rose, Śaṅkha, and Kuśa flowers, Dhattūras, Mandāras grown in a wooden vessel, holy basil leaves or Bilva leaves shall be offered to each of the faces in accordance with the previous meditation or according to one’s wish. By all means Śiva favourably disposed to His devotees shall be worshipped with great devotion. If other flowers are not available, Bilva leaves shall be used exclusively in the worship of Śiva”.

2) Godhūma (गोधूम) refers to “wheat”, and is used in the worship of Śiva, according to in the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.14:—“Brahmins desiring the benefit shall perform the rite of Prājāpatya. The worship of Śiva with wheat grains (godhūma) is highly praiseworthy. If a hundred thousand grains are used for worship, the devotee shall be blessed with a number of children. Half a Droṇa of wheat will constitute a hundred thousand in number of grains. The mode of worship is as before”.

Source: archive.org: Nilamata Purana: a cultural and literary study

Godhūma (गोधूम) forms part of a common diet in ancient Kashmir (Kaśmīra) as mentioned in the Nīlamatapurāṇa.—Godhūma refers to food preparations of wheat are mentioned as offerings for the deities (verse 719). Most of the references to the articles of diet occur in the Nīlamata in connection with the offerings made to the gods but it is not difficult to infer from them the food and drink of the common people because “what a man eats his gods eat”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Godhūma (गोधूम).—Fit for śrāddha.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 6. 21, 24; II. 15. 30; VI. 1. 38; III. 16. 6.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: archive.org: Isvara Samhita Vol 5

Godhūma (गोधूम) refers to “wheat” and represents one of the seven village-corns that are fit for food-offerings according to verse 25.57 of the Īśvarasaṃhitā, dealing with the classification of the places for building the fire-pits (kuṇḍa). Accordingly, “rice (śāli), green gram (mudga), barley (yava), black gram (māṣa), wheat (godhūma), priyaṅgu (panic seed) and seasamum (tila)—these seven grown in the village are to be taken in the work of preparation of caru”.

Pancaratra book cover
context information

Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Jaina Yoga

Godhūma (गोधूम, “wheat”) refers to one of the seventeen varieties of dhānya (“grain”) according to Śvetāmbara tradition and listed in Hemacandra’s 12th century Yogaśāstra (verse 3.95). Dhānya represents one of the classes of the external (bahya) division of attachment (parigraha) and is related to the Aparigraha-vrata (vow of non-attachment).

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Godhuma in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

godhuma : (m.) wheat.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Godhūma, wheat (usually mentioned with yava, spelt) Miln.267; DA.I, 163; SnA 323. See dhañña. (Page 255)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

gōdhūma (गोधूम).—m (S) Wheat, Triticum.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

gōdhūma (गोधूम).—m Wheat.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Godhuma (गोधुम) or Godhūma (गोधूम).—

1) wheat; Bṛ. Up.6.3.13.

2) the orange. °चूर्णम् (cūrṇam) wheat flour;

Derivable forms: godhumaḥ (गोधुमः), godhūmaḥ (गोधूमः).

Godhuma is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms go and dhuma (धुम).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Godhūma (गोधूम).—m.

(-maḥ) Wheat: see the next. E. gudh-vāº uma .

--- OR ---

Godhūma (गोधूम).—m.

(-maḥ) 1. Wheat. 2. The orange. 3. The name of a drug. E. gudh to surround, and ūma Unadi aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Godhūma (गोधूम).—[go-dhūma], m., usually pl., Wheat, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 5, 25.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Godhūma (गोधूम).—[masculine] wheat.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Godhuma (गोधुम):—[=go-dhuma] [from go] for -dhūma, wheat, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) Godhūma (गोधूम):—[=go-dhūma] [from go] a m. (√gudh, [Uṇādi-sūtra]) ‘earth-smoke’, wheat (generally [plural]), [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Taittirīya-brāhmaṇa i; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa] v (sg.), [xii, xiv; Śāṅkhāyana-śrauta-sūtra; Manu-smṛti] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] the orange tree, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] Name of a medicinal plant, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [=go-dhūma] b etc. See go, p. 365, col. 1.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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