Godhuma, aka: Godhūma, Go-dhuma; 12 Definition(s)

Introduction

Godhuma means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Godhūma (वेणुयव) is a Sanskrit word referring to “wheat”. It is a type of “awned grain” (śūkadhānya), according to Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Āyurvedic work. The literal translation of the word is “earth-smoke”, it is composed of go (‘earth’) and dhūma (‘smoke’). The plant Godhūma is part of the Śūkadhānyavarga group of medicinal plants, referring to the “group of awned grains”. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic value of the plant. Godhūma is union-promoting, vāta-alleviating, sweet, cold, vitalising, bulk-promoting, aphrodisiac, unctuous, stabiliser and heavy in character.

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Godhuma in Purana glossary... « previous · [G] · next »

1) Godhūma (गोधूम) refers to “wheat” which is used in the worship of Śiva, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.13:—“[...] then the Ācamana shall be offered and cloth dedicated. Gingelly seeds, barley grains, wheat (godhūma), green gram or black gram shall then be offered to Śiva with various mantras. Then flowers shall be offered to the five-faced noble soul. Lotuses, rose, Śaṅkha, and Kuśa flowers, Dhattūras, Mandāras grown in a wooden vessel, holy basil leaves or Bilva leaves shall be offered to each of the faces in accordance with the previous meditation or according to one’s wish. By all means Śiva favourably disposed to His devotees shall be worshipped with great devotion. If other flowers are not available, Bilva leaves shall be used exclusively in the worship of Śiva”.

2) Godhūma (गोधूम) refers to “wheat”, and is used in the worship of Śiva, according to in the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.14:—“Brahmins desiring the benefit shall perform the rite of Prājāpatya. The worship of Śiva with wheat grains (godhūma) is highly praiseworthy. If a hundred thousand grains are used for worship, the devotee shall be blessed with a number of children. Half a Droṇa of wheat will constitute a hundred thousand in number of grains. The mode of worship is as before”.

Source: archive.org: Siva Purana - English Translation

Godhūma (गोधूम) forms part of a common diet in ancient Kashmir (Kaśmīra) as mentioned in the Nīlamatapurāṇa.—Godhūma refers to food preparations of wheat are mentioned as offerings for the deities (verse 719). Most of the references to the articles of diet occur in the Nīlamata in connection with the offerings made to the gods but it is not difficult to infer from them the food and drink of the common people because “what a man eats his gods eat”.

Source: archive.org: Nilamata Purana: a cultural and literary study

Godhūma (गोधूम).—Fit for śrāddha.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 6. 21, 24; II. 15. 30; VI. 1. 38; III. 16. 6.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Godhūma (गोधूम) refers to “wheat” and represents one of the seven village-corns that are fit for food-offerings according to verse 25.57 of the Īśvarasaṃhitā, dealing with the classification of the places for building the fire-pits (kuṇḍa). Accordingly, “rice (śāli), green gram (mudga), barley (yava), black gram (māṣa), wheat (godhūma), priyaṅgu (panic seed) and seasamum (tila)—these seven grown in the village are to be taken in the work of preparation of caru”.

Source: archive.org: Isvara Samhita Vol 5
Pancaratra book cover
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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Godhuma in Jainism glossary... « previous · [G] · next »

Godhūma (गोधूम, “wheat”) refers to one of the seventeen varieties of dhānya (“grain”) according to Śvetāmbara tradition and listed in Hemacandra’s 12th century Yogaśāstra (verse 3.95). Dhānya represents one of the classes of the external (bahya) division of attachment (parigraha) and is related to the Aparigraha-vrata (vow of non-attachment).

Source: archive.org: Jaina Yoga
General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Godhuma in Pali glossary... « previous · [G] · next »

godhuma : (m.) wheat.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Godhūma, wheat (usually mentioned with yava, spelt) Miln.267; DA.I, 163; SnA 323. See dhañña. (Page 255)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Godhuma in Marathi glossary... « previous · [G] · next »

gōdhūma (गोधूम).—m (S) Wheat, Triticum.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

gōdhūma (गोधूम).—m Wheat.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Godhuma (गोधुम) or Godhūma (गोधूम).—

1) wheat; Bṛ. Up.6.3.13.

2) the orange. °चूर्णम् (cūrṇam) wheat flour;

Derivable forms: godhumaḥ (गोधुमः), godhūmaḥ (गोधूमः).

Godhuma is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms go and dhuma (धुम).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Godhūma (गोधूम).—m.

(-maḥ) Wheat: see the next. E. gudh-vāº uma .

--- OR ---

Godhūma (गोधूम).—m.

(-maḥ) 1. Wheat. 2. The orange. 3. The name of a drug. E. gudh to surround, and ūma Unadi aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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