Girika, Girikā: 8 definitions


Girika means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)

One of the Hands that indicate the Lion and other Animals..—Mole (?) (girikā), the Khaḍga-mukula hand, i.e., the forefinger of the Mukula hand is bent and moved to and fro (tiryak-prasārita).

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Girikā (गिरिका).—Wife of Uparicaravasu. This gem of a lady was the daughter of the river Śuktimatī. There is a story behind her marrying Uparicara.

Śuktimatī was a river flowing through the capital city of the kingdom of Uparicara. Once the mountain Kolāhala driven by amorous desires subdued Śuktimatī. The next morning on finding no river in its place the people were surprised. The news reached the ears of the King. He became furious and rushing to the mountain gave it a hard kick. It created a hole in the mountain and the river flowed through it. But by that time Kolāhala had got a son and a daughter of Śuktimatī. Greatly pleased at the King for setting her free from Kolāhala, Śuktimatī gave her children to the King. The King brought up the son and made him the chief of his army. The girl was brought up and named Girikā and when she was of marriagable age the King married her.

When once Girikā was having her monthly period the King was forced to go to the forests for hunting. While in the forests he saw the animals having sexual acts and as he thought of Girikā at home he had emission. He never wanted to waste the seminal fluid. He wrapped it in a leaf and sent it to his wife through a kite. Another kite thinking it to be something to eat attacked the packet and it fell into a river down below. A fish swallowed it and later when a fisherman caught it and opened its belly a boy and a girl came out of it. The girl was Satyavatī mother of Vyāsa. (10th Skandha, Devī Bhāgavata).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Girika (गिरिक).—A son of Balarāma.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 167.

1b) A son of Sāraṇa.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 165.

2) Girikā (गिरिका).—The wife of Caidyoparicara (Vidyoparicara, Vāyu-purāṇa.).*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 50. 26; Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 221.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Girikā (गिरिका) refers to the name of a Lady mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.63.36, I.63). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Girikā) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Girika (गिरिक).—[girau kāyati kai-ka]

1) Name of Śiva.

2) A ball for playing.

-kā 1 a small mouse.

2) Name of Vasu's queen; महिष्यामृतुमत्यां स गिरिकायां नराधिपः (mahiṣyāmṛtumatyāṃ sa girikāyāṃ narādhipaḥ) Bm.1.23.

Derivable forms: girikaḥ (गिरिकः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Girika (गिरिक).—(1) name of a jackal, in the Vṛṣabha-jātaka: Mahāvastu iii.28.8 ff. Cf. Pali Giriya, name of a jackal, Jātaka (Pali) iii.322.1; but the story is not the same; (2) name of a nāga-king (compare Giri): Mahāvyutpatti 3253; Mahā-Māyūrī 246.33; (3) name of a weaver's son: Divyāvadāna 374.14 (also Caṇḍa-girika, q.v.).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Girikā (गिरिका).—f.

(-kā) A small rat, a mouse. E. kan added to giri the same.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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