Girijakalyana, aka: Girija-kalyana, Girijākalyāṇa; 1 Definition(s)


Girijakalyana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Śilpaśāstra (iconography)

Girijākalyāṇa (गिरिजाकल्याण) refers to the marriage of Girijā (another name of Pārvatī), and is depicted as a sculpture on the eleventh pillar of the southern half of the maṇḍapa of the temple of Lokeśvara.—In the medallion is Girijākalyāṇa, the wedding of Śiva with Pārvatī. It looks like any wedding scene. But the hairdress and the ear ornaments of the male figure in the centre look like that of Śiva’s. So we think that it is Girijākalyāṇa wedding of Śiva with Pārvatī. Śiva and Pārvatī are standing in the centre. She is standing to the right of Śiva because at the time of kanyādāna, giving of the daughter away, in marriage, she is on the right side of her husband to be. After this is over, the bride sits to the left of the groom.

In the picture under study there is a person standing by the side of the girl. We may not be wrong if we identify him either with her father Parvatarāja who is performing the kanyādāna. Here in the image her father, with a kamaṇḍalu, water pot, in his hand, is ready to pour water of libation.. How tenderly her right hand is held by the right hand of Śiva is beautifully shown here.

(Source): Archaeological Survey of India: Śaiva monuments at Paṭṭadakal (śilpa)
Śilpaśāstra book cover
context information

Śilpaśāstra (शिल्पशास्त्र, shilpa-shastra) represents the ancient Indian science of creative arts such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vāstuśāstra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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