Girija, Giri-ja: 15 definitions
Girija means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)Source: Wisdom Library: Śāktism
Girija (गिरिज, “Mountain-born”).—One of the names of the Goddess, Devī, who is regarded as the female principle of the divine; the embodiement of the energies of the Gods. This name is also known as Adrija.
Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.
Ayurveda (science of life)Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Girija (गिरिज) is another name (synonym) for Karbudāra, which is the Sanskrit word for Bauhinia variegata (orchid tree), a plant from the Cleomaceae family. This synonym was identified by Narahari in his 13th-century Rājanighaṇṭu (verse 13.99), which is an Ayurvedic medicinal thesaurus.Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu
1) Girijā (गिरिजा) is another name for Kṣudrapāṣāṇabheda, an unidentified medicinal plant, according to verse 5.45-46 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fifth chapter (parpaṭādi-varga) of this book enumerates sixty varieties of smaller plants (kṣudra-kṣupa). Together with the names Girijā and Kṣudrapāṣāṇabheda, there are a total of ten Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.
2) Girijā (गिरिजा) is also mentioned as a synonym for Trāyamāṇā, a medicinal plant identified with Gentiana kurroo Royle. from the Gentianaceae family of flowering plants, according to verse 5.57-59. Together with the names Girijā and Trāyamāṇā, there are a total of sixteen Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation
Girijā (गिरिजा) is another name for Pārvatī (i.e., the incarnation of Goddess Śivā), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.9.—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Sage Nārada:—“[...] Burning Kāma there by His fiery eye, on remembering my words, the lord became angry with me and vanished from the scene. After sometime, Lord Śiva quelled the pride of Pārvatī [i.e., girijā-mada] but he was propitiated by her again performing great penance. Following the conventions of the world, the lord married Pārvatī after being sponsored by Viṣṇu. Then everything auspicious ensued. [...]”.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Biology (plants and animals)Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs
Girija [गिरिजा] in the Sanskrit language is the name of a plant identified with Gentiana kurroo Royle from the Gentianaceae (Gentian) family. For the possible medicinal usage of girija, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)
1) Girija in India is the name of a plant defined with Bauhinia variegata in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Bauhinia variegata var. alboflava de Wit (among others).
2) Girija is also identified with Terminalia chebula It has the synonym Myrobalanus chebula (Retz.) Gaertn. (etc.).
Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):
· Journal of Cytology and Genetics (1990)
· Systema Naturae, ed. 12 (1767)
· Reinwardtia (1956)
· Observationes Botanicae (1789)
· Species Plantarum (1753)
· FBI (1878)
If you are looking for specific details regarding Girija, for example diet and recipes, extract dosage, health benefits, side effects, pregnancy safety, chemical composition, have a look at these references.
This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.
Languages of India and abroad
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Girija (गिरिज).—a. mountain-born. (-jam) 1 talc.
2) red chalk.
5) iron. (-jā) 1 Name of Pārvatī (the daughter of Himālaya).
2) the hill plantain (parvatakadalī)
3) the Mallikā creeper.
4) an epithet of the Ganges.
Girija is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms giri and ja (ज).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-jaḥ-jā-jaṃ) Mountain-born, mountaineer. &c. m.
(-jaḥ) The Mahuwa tree, (Bassia.) f.
(-jā) 1. A name of goddes Parvati, as the daughter of the personified Himalaya mountain 2. The Shaddock or pumplemouce, (Citrus decumana.) 3. A plant considered as a white species of Rasna: see rāmnā. 4. The hill plantain. 5. Jasmine. 6. A pebble, a small stone. n.
(-jaṃ) 1. Talc. 2. Benzoin or gum benjamin; it is also confounded with styrax, another gum resin. 3. Bitumen. 4. Iron. E. giri, and ja born.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Girija (गिरिज).—[giri-ja] (vb. jan), I. adj. Produced in mountains. Ii. f. jā, A name of Śiva’s wife Umā, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 1, 15, 12.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Girija (गिरिज).—[adjective] mountain-born, [feminine] ā the mountain-daughter (Parvati).
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Girijā (गिरिजा).—[adjective] = [preceding] [adjective]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Girijā (गिरिजा):—[=giri-jā] [from giri > gir] a See sub voce 3. giri.
2) Girija (गिरिज):—[=giri-ja] [from giri > gir] m. ‘mountain-born’, the Mahwa tree (Bassia), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
3) [v.s. ...] Bauhinia variegata, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
4) [v.s. ...] Name of a Bābhravya, [Aitareya-brāhmaṇa vii, 1, 7]
5) Girijā (गिरिजा):—[=giri-jā] [from giri-ja > giri > gir] b f. Name of several plants (a kind of lemon tree; kārī; kṣudra-pāṣāṇa-bhedā; giri-kadalī; trāyamāṇā; śveta-buhvā), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
6) [v.s. ...] Name of the goddess Pārvatī (as the daughter of the personified Himālaya mountain), [Bhāgavata-purāṇa i, x; Kathāsaritsāgara; Ānanda-laharī]
7) Girija (गिरिज):—[=giri-ja] [from giri > gir] n. talc, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
8) [v.s. ...] red chalk, ruddle, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
9) [v.s. ...] iron, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
10) [v.s. ...] benzoin or gum benjamin, [Horace H. Wilson]
11) Girijā (गिरिजा):—[=giri-jā] [from giri > gir] c mfn. proceeding from the mountains ([Boehtlingk’s Sanskrit-Woerterbuch in kuerzerer fassung]; ‘proceeding from the voice’ (giri [locative case] [from] 1. gir), [Sāyaṇa]), [Ṛg-veda v, 87, 1.]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Girija (गिरिज):—[giri-ja] (jaḥ-jā-jaṃ) a. Mountain born, a mountaineer. 1. m. A tree (Bassia). f. Durgā; the shaddock; a jasmine; a pebble; talc, gum benjamin; bitumen; iron.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Kannada-English dictionarySource: Alar: Kannada-English corpus
Girija (ಗಿರಿಜ):—[adjective] mountain-born.
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1) [noun] a man who is born in a mountainous region.
2) [noun] any of a group of minerals (complex silicates) that crystallise in thin, somewhat flexible, translucent or coloured, easily separated layers, resistant to heat and electricity; mica.
3) [noun] red ochre stone.
4) [noun] (referred to various materials, as) red chalk, bitumen, benzoin (a chemical substance), etc.
5) [noun] iron.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with (+4): Girijadashaka, Girijadevi, Girijadhava, Girijajanani, Girijakalyana, Girijakamalavivada, Girijakamta, Girijakumara, Girijala, Girijalaya, Girijamada, Girijamahatmya, Girijamala, Girijamantra, Girijamise, Girijana, Girijanatha, Girijanayaka, Girijapati, Girijapriya.
Full-text (+5): Girijamala, Girijamahatmya, Girijadhava, Girijapati, Girijakumara, Girijapriya, Girijaputra, Girijadevi, Girijvarasamudbhava, Kiricai, Babhravya, Agama, Adrija, Kshudrapashanabheda, Prastarotkarshasangraha, Abhraka, Devabhagashrautarsha, Karbudara, Andhakasura, Dhatu.
Search found 25 books and stories containing Girija, Giri-ja, Giri-jā, Girijā; (plurals include: Girijas, jas, jās, Girijās). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Chaitanya Bhagavata (by Bhumipati Dāsa)
Shat-cakra-nirupana (the six bodily centres) (by Arthur Avalon)
Garga Samhita (English) (by Danavir Goswami)
The Skanda Purana (by G. V. Tagare)
Chapter 35 - Pārvatī as Śabarī Brings Back Śiva: Śiva’s Coronation < [Section 1 - Kedāra-khaṇḍa]
Chapter 21 - Pārvatī’s Penance < [Section 1 - Kedāra-khaṇḍa]
Chapter 250 - Creation of Bilva Tree < [Section 1 - Tīrtha-māhātmya]
A Dilemma < [January – March, 1987]
R. K. Narayan’s “Talkative Man” < [October – December 1991]
I Love You Always and Ever < [January – March, 2001]
Cidgaganacandrika (study) (by S. Mahalakshmi)