Girija, Giri-ja: 14 definitions

Introduction:

Girija means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śāktism

Girija (गिरिज, “Mountain-born”).—One of the names of the Goddess, Devī, who is regarded as the female principle of the divine; the embodiement of the energies of the Gods. This name is also known as Adrija.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Girija (गिरिज) is another name (synonym) for Karbudāra, which is the Sanskrit word for Bauhinia variegata (orchid tree), a plant from the Cleomaceae family. This synonym was identified by Narahari in his 13th-century Rājanighaṇṭu (verse 13.99), which is an Ayurvedic medicinal thesaurus.

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

1) Girijā (गिरिजा) is another name for Kṣudrapāṣāṇabheda, an unidentified medicinal plant, according to verse 5.45-46 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fifth chapter (parpaṭādi-varga) of this book enumerates sixty varieties of smaller plants (kṣudra-kṣupa). Together with the names Girijā and Kṣudrapāṣāṇabheda, there are a total of ten Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

2) Girijā (गिरिजा) is also mentioned as a synonym for Trāyamāṇā, a medicinal plant identified with Gentiana kurroo Royle. from the Gentianaceae family of flowering plants, according to verse 5.57-59. Together with the names Girijā and Trāyamāṇā, there are a total of sixteen Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Girijā (गिरिजा) is another name for Pārvatī (i.e., the incarnation of Goddess Śivā), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.9.—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Sage Nārada:—“[...] Burning Kāma there by His fiery eye, on remembering my words, the lord became angry with me and vanished from the scene. After sometime, Lord Śiva quelled the pride of Pārvatī [i.e., girijā-mada] but he was propitiated by her again performing great penance. Following the conventions of the world, the lord married Pārvatī after being sponsored by Viṣṇu. Then everything auspicious ensued. [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Girija (गिरिज).—a. mountain-born. (-jam) 1 talc.

2) red chalk.

3) benzoin.

4) bitumen.

5) iron. (-) 1 Name of Pārvatī (the daughter of Himālaya).

2) the hill plantain (parvatakadalī)

3) the Mallikā creeper.

4) an epithet of the Ganges.

Girija is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms giri and ja (ज).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Girija (गिरिज).—mfn.

(-jaḥ-jā-jaṃ) Mountain-born, mountaineer. &c. m.

(-jaḥ) The Mahuwa tree, (Bassia.) f.

(-jā) 1. A name of goddes Parvati, as the daughter of the personified Himalaya mountain 2. The Shaddock or pumplemouce, (Citrus decumana.) 3. A plant considered as a white species of Rasna: see rāmnā. 4. The hill plantain. 5. Jasmine. 6. A pebble, a small stone. n.

(-jaṃ) 1. Talc. 2. Benzoin or gum benjamin; it is also confounded with styrax, another gum resin. 3. Bitumen. 4. Iron. E. giri, and ja born.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Girija (गिरिज).—[giri-ja] (vb. jan), I. adj. Produced in mountains. Ii. f. , A name of Śiva’s wife Umā, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 1, 15, 12.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Girija (गिरिज).—[adjective] mountain-born, [feminine] ā the mountain-daughter (Parvati).

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Girijā (गिरिजा).—[adjective] = [preceding] [adjective]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Girijā (गिरिजा):—[=giri-jā] [from giri > gir] a See sub voce 3. giri.

2) Girija (गिरिज):—[=giri-ja] [from giri > gir] m. ‘mountain-born’, the Mahwa tree (Bassia), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] Bauhinia variegata, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] Name of a Bābhravya, [Aitareya-brāhmaṇa vii, 1, 7]

5) Girijā (गिरिजा):—[=giri-jā] [from giri-ja > giri > gir] b f. Name of several plants (a kind of lemon tree; kārī; kṣudra-pāṣāṇa-bhedā; giri-kadalī; trāyamāṇā; śveta-buhvā), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] Name of the goddess Pārvatī (as the daughter of the personified Himālaya mountain), [Bhāgavata-purāṇa i, x; Kathāsaritsāgara; Ānanda-laharī]

7) Girija (गिरिज):—[=giri-ja] [from giri > gir] n. talc, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] red chalk, ruddle, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) [v.s. ...] iron, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) [v.s. ...] benzoin or gum benjamin, [Horace H. Wilson]

11) Girijā (गिरिजा):—[=giri-jā] [from giri > gir] c mfn. proceeding from the mountains ([Boehtlingk’s Sanskrit-Woerterbuch in kuerzerer fassung]; ‘proceeding from the voice’ (giri [locative case] [from] 1. gir), [Sāyaṇa]), [Ṛg-veda v, 87, 1.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Girija (गिरिज):—[giri-ja] (jaḥ-jā-jaṃ) a. Mountain born, a mountaineer. 1. m. A tree (Bassia). f. Durgā; the shaddock; a jasmine; a pebble; talc, gum benjamin; bitumen; iron.

[Sanskrit to German]

Girija in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Girija (ಗಿರಿಜ):—[adjective] mountain-born.

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Girija (ಗಿರಿಜ):—

1) [noun] a man who is born in a mountainous region.

2) [noun] any of a group of minerals (complex silicates) that crystallise in thin, somewhat flexible, translucent or coloured, easily separated layers, resistant to heat and electricity; mica.

3) [noun] red ochre stone.

4) [noun] (referred to various materials, as) red chalk, bitumen, benzoin (a chemical substance), etc.

5) [noun] iron.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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