Giridurga, Giri-durga: 10 definitions

Introduction

Giridurga means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra

Giridurga (गिरिदुर्ग) refers to type of “fort”, characterised as being situated on top of a mountain. It is used throughout Dharmaśāstra literature such as the Manusmṛti.

Source: Google Books: Manusmṛti with the Manubhāṣya

The Giridurga (गिरिदुर्ग) is erected either on the summit of a mountain, or in a tract of land surrounded by hills. (See the Manubhāṣya verse 7.70)

Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (G) next»] — Giridurga in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Giridurga (गिरिदुर्ग).—The best of six hill fortresses.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 217. 7.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Arthashastra (politics and welfare)

Source: Shodhganga: Kakati Ganapatideva and his times (artha)

Giridurga (गिरिदुर्ग) refers to forts build on the tops of slopes of hills, and represents one of the four kinds of forts (durga) specified in the Nītīsara. All these forts to which ever category belong must have special attālakas (rooms) over the gopuras (getes) fitted with sundry wooden contrivances (machines) guarded by warriors adepts in military exercises and the use of sundry missiles and weapons of warfare and well stocked with money and grain.

Arthashastra book cover
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Arthashastra (अर्थशास्त्र, arthaśāstra) literature concerns itself with the teachings (shastra) of economic prosperity (artha) statecraft, politics and military tactics. The term arthashastra refers to both the name of these scientific teachings, as well as the name of a Sanskrit work included in such literature. This book was written (3rd century BCE) by by Kautilya, who flourished in the 4th century BCE.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Giri-durga.—(ASLV), hill fort. Note: giri-durga is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (G) next»] — Giridurga in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Giridurga (गिरिदुर्ग).—a hill-fort, any stronghold among mountains; नृदुर्गं गिरिदुर्गं वा समाश्रित्य वसेत्पुरम् (nṛdurgaṃ giridurgaṃ vā samāśritya vasetpuram) Ms.7.7,71.

Derivable forms: giridurgam (गिरिदुर्गम्).

Giridurga is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms giri and durga (दुर्ग).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Giridurga (गिरिदुर्ग).—n.

(-rgaṃ) A hill fort or any stronghold amongst mountains. E. giri, and durga a place of difficult access.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Giridurga (गिरिदुर्ग).—[adjective] hill-fort.

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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