Giridurga, Giri-durga: 13 definitions
Giridurga means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Dharmashastra (religious law)Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra
Giridurga (गिरिदुर्ग) refers to type of “fort”, characterised as being situated on top of a mountain. It is used throughout Dharmaśāstra literature such as the Manusmṛti.Source: Google Books: Manusmṛti with the Manubhāṣya
The Giridurga (गिरिदुर्ग) is erected either on the summit of a mountain, or in a tract of land surrounded by hills. (See the Manubhāṣya verse 7.70)
Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Giridurga (गिरिदुर्ग).—The best of six hill fortresses.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 217. 7.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Arthashastra (politics and welfare)Source: Shodhganga: Kakati Ganapatideva and his times (artha)
Giridurga (गिरिदुर्ग) refers to forts build on the tops of slopes of hills, and represents one of the four kinds of forts (durga) specified in the Nītīsara. All these forts to which ever category belong must have special attālakas (rooms) over the gopuras (getes) fitted with sundry wooden contrivances (machines) guarded by warriors adepts in military exercises and the use of sundry missiles and weapons of warfare and well stocked with money and grain.
Arthashastra (अर्थशास्त्र, arthaśāstra) literature concerns itself with the teachings (shastra) of economic prosperity (artha) statecraft, politics and military tactics. The term arthashastra refers to both the name of these scientific teachings, as well as the name of a Sanskrit work included in such literature. This book was written (3rd century BCE) by by Kautilya, who flourished in the 4th century BCE.
India history and geographySource: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
Giri-durga.—(ASLV), hill fort. Note: giri-durga is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Giridurga (गिरिदुर्ग).—a hill-fort, any stronghold among mountains; नृदुर्गं गिरिदुर्गं वा समाश्रित्य वसेत्पुरम् (nṛdurgaṃ giridurgaṃ vā samāśritya vasetpuram) Ms.7.7,71.
Derivable forms: giridurgam (गिरिदुर्गम्).
Giridurga is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms giri and durga (दुर्ग).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-rgaṃ) A hill fort or any stronghold amongst mountains. E. giri, and durga a place of difficult access.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Giridurga (गिरिदुर्ग).—adj. Almost inaccessible on account of surrounding mountains, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 7, 70.
Giridurga is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms giri and durga (दुर्ग).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Giridurga (गिरिदुर्ग).—[adjective] hill-fort.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Giridurga (गिरिदुर्ग):—[=giri-durga] [from giri > gir] n. ‘of difficult access as being surrounded by mountains’, a hill-fort, [Manu-smṛti vii, 70 f.; Mahābhārata]
2) [v.s. ...] Name of a locality, [Romakasiddhānta]
[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch
Giridurga (गिरिदुर्ग):—(giri + durga) adj. oder n. durch die Lage im Gebirge schwer zugänglich, ein solcher Platz [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 7, 70. 71.] [Hiḍimbavadha 2, 30.] [Mahābhārata 4, 143.]
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Giridurga (गिरिदुर्ग):—Nomen proprium einer Oertlichkeit [Oxforder Handschriften 339,b,24.]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Search found 2 books and stories containing Giridurga, Giri-durga; (plurals include: Giridurgas, durgas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Manusmriti with the Commentary of Medhatithi (by Ganganatha Jha)
Verse 7.70 < [Section VI - Fortification (durga)]
Verse 7.71-72 < [Section VI - Fortification (durga)]
Settlement in Early Historic Ganga Plain (by Chirantani Das)
Part 1 - Urban model of Rājagṛha < [Chapter II - Origin and Function of Rājagṛha as the seat of Monarchy]
Part 8 - Rājagṛha: The Nodal Centre on the Emergence < [Chapter I - The Case Study of Rājagṛha]