Giribbaja, Giri-bbaja: 4 definitions

Introduction

Giribbaja means something in Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

1. A name for Rajagaha (q.v.).

2. A name for Vankagiri. J.vi.589.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Ancient Buddhist Texts: Geography of Early Buddhism

Giribbaja or Girivraja was an ancient capital of Magadha, one of the sixteen Mahājanapadas of the Majjhimadesa (Middle Country) of ancient India, as recorded in the Pāli Buddhist texts (detailing the geography of ancient India as it was known in to Early Buddhism).—Early Pāli literature abounds in information about the Magadha country, its people, and its ancient capital Giribbaja. Magadha roughly corresponds to the modern Patna and Gayā districts of Bihar. Its earliest capital was Girivraja, or old Rājagriha, near Rājgir among the hills near Gayā. Giribbaja seems to have other and perhaps older names. The Rāmāyaṇa tells us that the city was known by the name of Vasumati.

The statement of the Mahābhārata that Girivraja was protected by five hills is strikingly confirmed by the Vimānavatthu Commentary (p. 82) in which we read that the city of Giribbaja was encircled by the mountains Isigili, Vepulla, Vebhara, Paṇḍava and Gijjhakūṭa.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous (G) next»] — Giribbaja in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

giribbaja : (nt.) name of a former capital of Magadha.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Giribbaja refers to: (nt.) (Etym. uncertain, according to Morris J.P.T.S. 1884, 79 to vaja “a pen, ” cp. Marāthī vraja “a station of cowherds, ” Hindi vraja “a cow-pen”; the Vedic giribhraj° (RV. X.68. 1) “aus Bergen hervorbrechend” (Roth) suggests relation to bhraj, to break=bhañj=Lat. frango)=°guhā, a mountain cave or gorge, serving as shelter & hiding place J.III, 479 (trsl. by Morris Loc. cit. a hill-run, a cattle-run on the hills); V, 260 (sīhassa, a lion’s abode) explained as kañcanaguhā ibid. (for kandara-guhā? cp. Kern, Toev. p. 130). S.II, 185. Also N. for Rājagaha Sn.408; Dpvs.V, 5; in its Sk. form Girivraja, which Beal, Buddh. Records II.149 explains as “the hill-surrounded, ” cp. ib. II.158 (=Chin. Shan-Shing), 161; see also Cunningham, Ancient Geogr. 462. It does not occur in the Avadānas;

Note: giribbaja is a Pali compound consisting of the words giri and bbaja.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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