Gira, aka: Girā; 11 Definition(s)


Gira means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Girā (गिरा).—Name of a river originating from Vindhya, a holy mountain (kulaparvata) in Bhārata, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 85. There are settlements (janapada) where Āryas and Mlecchas dwell who drink water from these rivers.

Bhārata is a region south of Hemādri, once ruled over by Bharata (son of Ṛṣabha), whose ancestral lineage can be traced back to Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.

The Varāhapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 24,000 metrical verses, possibly originating from before the 10th century. It is composed of two parts and Sūta is the main narrator.

Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

Gira (गिर).—A son of Sāraṇa.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 165.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Girā (गिरा) is the name of a Sanskrit metre (chandas) defined by Bharata, to which Hemacandra (1088-1173 C.E.) assigned the alternative name of Śapharikā in his auto-commentary on the second chapter of the Chandonuśāsana. Hemacandra gives these alternative names for the metres by other authorities (like Bharata), even though the number of gaṇas or letters do not differ.

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature
Chandas book cover
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Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Girā (गिरा) is the name of a meter belonging to the Gāyatrī class of Dhruvā (songs) described in the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 32:—“the metre which has in its feet of six syllables the first three and the fifth short, is girā”.

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

girā : (f.) word; utterance.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Girā, (Vedic gir & gēr, song; gṛṇāti to praise, announce gūrti praise=Lat. grates “grace”; to *ger or *gǔer, see note on gala) utterance (orig. song, important utterance, still felt as such in older Pāli, therefore mostly poetical), speech, words D.III, 174; Sn.350, 632, 690, 1132; Dh.408; Th.2, 316, 402; Vv 5018 (=vācā VvA); Dhs.637, 720; DhsA.93; DA.I, 61 (aṭṭhaṅgupetaṃ giraṃ), J.II, 134. (Page 251)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

girā (गिरा).—m A measure of length, 1½ tasū. 2 C Usually giṛhā.

--- OR ---

gīra (गीर).—m (Commonly gara) Pulp, pith, kernel, marrow, crumb &c.

--- OR ---

gīra (गीर).—ind (Sometimes from sometimes from P) An affix to nouns, implying an agent; as tagādagīra, ābadāgīra.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

girā (गिरा).—m A measure of 1½ tasū. See giṛhā Speech.

--- OR ---

gīra (गीर).—m Pulp, marrow, kernel.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Girā (गिरा).—

1) Speech, speaking, language, voice.

2) Praise.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Girā (गिरा).—(= Pali, Sanskrit Lex. id.; Sanskrit gir, f.), voice, speech: SP 152.2 girām, acc. sg.; Mv i.163.16 -girāhi, inst. pl.; ii.143.23 girāṃ acc. sg.; LV 360.15 girā, n. sg. (all verses). See also next, -giri-.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 39 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Uccagira (उच्चगिर).—a. Having a loud voice; स्वगुणोच्चगिरो मुनिव्रताः (svaguṇoccagiro munivratā...
Girāvṛdh (गिरावृध्).—delighting in praise; पवमान गिरावृधम् (pavamāna girāvṛdham) Rv.9.26.6.Girā...
gira-kana-kara-dinī-diśī (गिर-कन-कर-दिनी-दिशी).—ad With a whirl or twirl-- a top &c. spinning.
Giri.—(IE 7-1-2), ‘seven’. Note: giri is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it ca...
Saṃskāra (संस्कार).—m. (= Pali saṃkhāra; both mgs. clearly foreshadowed in Sanskrit, but here t...
Karaka (करक).—(1) = prec., in same cpd.: Divy 37.1—2; 341.29; Av i.3.5; Speyer, Index, t...
Gīta (गीत) refers to “classical singing” (specific rāga during certain rituals) and represents ...
Vaca (वच).—m. (-caḥ) 1. A parrot. 2. The sun. f. (-cā) 1. Orris root, (Acorus calamus; also Zin...
Tapas (तपस्).—m. (-pāḥ) 1. The name of a month, Magha, (January February.) 2. The cold or dewy ...
Haimavata (हैमवत).—n. (-taṃ) Bharata-Varsha or India. m. (-taḥ) A sort of poison. f. (-tī) 1. P...
Anuddhata (अनुद्धत).—mfn. (-taḥ-tā-taṃ) 1. Unsurpassed, unequalled. 2. Unopposed. 3. Humble. E....
Auśanasa (औशनस).—n. (-saṃ) The code, &c. of Usanas. E. uśanas, and aṇ aff.
Gir (गिर्).—f. (-goḥ) 1. Speech, speaking. 2. A name of Saraswati the goddess of speech. 3. Fam...
Mandra (मन्द्र).—a. [mand rak Uṇ.2.13] Low, deep, grave hollow, rumbling (as sound); पयोदमन्द्र...
jādūkhōra (जादूखोर).—c gara-gīra m A magician, a sor- cerer, a wizard.

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