Gira, Girā: 20 definitions
Gira means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa
Girā (गिरा).—Name of a river originating from Vindhya, a holy mountain (kulaparvata) in Bhārata, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 85. There are settlements (janapada) where Āryas and Mlecchas dwell who drink water from these rivers.
Bhārata is a region south of Hemādri, once ruled over by Bharata (son of Ṛṣabha), whose ancestral lineage can be traced back to Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.
The Varāhapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 24,000 metrical verses, possibly originating from before the 10th century. It is composed of two parts and Sūta is the main narrator.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Gira (गिर).—A son of Sāraṇa.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 165.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature
Girā (गिरा) is the name of a Sanskrit metre (chandas) defined by Bharata, to which Hemacandra (1088-1173 C.E.) assigned the alternative name of Śapharikā in his auto-commentary on the second chapter of the Chandonuśāsana. Hemacandra gives these alternative names for the metres by other authorities (like Bharata), even though the number of gaṇas or letters do not differ.
Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Girā (गिरा) is the name of a meter belonging to the Gāyatrī class of Dhruvā (songs) described in the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 32:—“the metre which has in its feet of six syllables the first three and the fifth short, is girā”.
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)Source: academia.edu: Religious Inclusivism in the Writings of an Early Modern Sanskrit Intellectual (Shaivism)
Girā (गिरा) refers to the “words” (of the foremost scriptures).—Not only does Appaya believe that Advaita is the underlying teaching of Śrīkaṇṭha’s commentary; he also takes it to be the final word of all Śaivāgamas and actually of all Hindu scriptures, as he himself solemnly declares at the beginning of the Śivārkamaṇidīpikā: “The culminating point (niṣṭhā) of the words of the foremost scriptures [i.e., śrutiśikhara-girā], āgamas as well as all [other] compositions, from the multitude of Purāṇas to smṛti texts such as the Mahābhārata and so forth, is in non-duality alone (advaita eva); the Brahmasūtras too appear to the discerning ones to have their rest in [non-duality] alone [and] nothing but that [non-duality] was accepted by ancient ācāryaratnas led by Śaṅkara”
Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.
Languages of India and abroad
Pali-English dictionarySource: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
girā : (f.) word; utterance.Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Girā, (Vedic gir & gēr, song; gṛṇāti to praise, announce gūrti praise=Lat. grates “grace”; to *ger or *gǔer, see note on gala) utterance (orig. song, important utterance, still felt as such in older Pāli, therefore mostly poetical), speech, words D.III, 174; Sn.350, 632, 690, 1132; Dh.408; Th.2, 316, 402; Vv 5018 (=vācā VvA); Dhs.637, 720; DhsA.93; DA.I, 61 (aṭṭhaṅgupetaṃ giraṃ), J.II, 134. (Page 251)
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
girā (गिरा).—m A measure of length, 1½ tasū. 2 C Usually giṛhā.
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gīra (गीर).—m (Commonly gara) Pulp, pith, kernel, marrow, crumb &c.
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gīra (गीर).—ind (Sometimes from sometimes from P) An affix to nouns, implying an agent; as tagādagīra, ābadāgīra.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
girā (गिरा).—m A measure of 1½ tasū. See giṛhā Speech.
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gīra (गीर).—m Pulp, marrow, kernel.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
1) Speech, speaking, language, voice.
2) Praise.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Girā (गिरा).—(= Pali, Sanskrit Lex. id.; Sanskrit gir, f.), voice, speech: Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 152.2 girām, acc. sg.; Mahāvastu i.163.16 -girāhi, inst. pl.; ii.143.23 girāṃ acc. sg.; Lalitavistara 360.15 girā, n. sg. (all verses). See also next, -giri-.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-rā) Speech. gṝ to sound, ka and ṭāp affs.
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Gira (गिर).—mfn. (-riḥ-riḥ-ri) Venerable, respectable worshipful. m.
(-riḥ) 1. A mountain, a hill. 2. A wooden ball with which children play. 3. A. disease of the eyes. f.
(-riḥ) 1. Swallowing. 2. A small rat, a mouse. 3. A title given to one order of the Dasnami Gosains. E. gṝ to swallow, &c. i Unadi aff.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Gira (गिर).—[-gira], A substitute for giri, when latter part of a comp. adv., e. g. anu-gira + m, Along the mountain, [Raghuvaṃśa, (ed. Stenzler.)] 13, 49.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Gira (गिर).—1. (—°) = 2 gir.
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Gira (गिर).—2. (—°) = seq.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Gira (गिर):—[from gir] 1. gira ifc. = gir1, speech, voice, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā xxxii, 5]; (ā1) f. ([gana] ajādi, [Gaṇaratna-mahodadhi 41 [Scholiast or Commentator]]) idem, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
2) Girā (गिरा):—[from gir] 2. girā [instrumental case] of 1. gir.
3) Gira (गिर):—[from gir] 2. gira mfn. idem, [Vopadeva xxvi, 32.]
4) [from gir] 3. gira ifc. = ri (e.g. anu-giram), [Pāṇini 5-4, 112.]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Girā (गिरा):—(rā) 1. f. Speech.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Prakrit-English dictionarySource: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary
Girā (गिरा) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Gir.
Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.
Kannada-English dictionarySource: Alar: Kannada-English corpus
Gira (ಗಿರ):—[noun] = ಗಿದ್ದ [gidda].
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1) [noun] any of the celestial objects with apparent motion (as the sun, Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter, etc.).
2) [noun] an intense desire.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with (+75): Gira-girachiya, Gira-Kana-Kara-Dini-Dishi, Girabadanem, Girabhi, Giracatanem, Girada, Giradavara, Giradhara gosvamin, Giradi, Giradol, Giragadara, Giragatanem, Giragate, Giragatte, Giragga, Giraggasamajja, Giraginda, Giragira, Giragirachee, Giragiramatha.
Ends with (+74): Abadagira, Agira, Angira, Antargira, Antargiribahirgira, Anugira, Apadagira, Aphatagira, Aptagira, Atharvangira, Bahirgira, Baragira, Barhadgira, Bhangira, Bhasmodgira, Brihadgira, Brihangira, Carakhunta Jahagira, Carakhunta-jahagira, Caukhuntajahagira.
Full-text (+73): Gir, Jadukhora, Giravridh, Girapura, Savadagara, Jodagari, Abadagiriya, Girarage, Samgira, Giraukas, Divesalami, Timimgira, Bahirgira, Gara-Kana-Kara-Dishi, Govindagira, Shivaramagira, Gira-Kana-Kara-Dini-Dishi, Gila, Samgir, Uccagira.
Search found 31 books and stories containing Gira, Girā, Gīra; (plurals include: Giras, Girās, Gīras). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Satapatha-brahmana (by Julius Eggeling)
Kāṇḍa VI, adhyāya 5, brāhmaṇa 4 < [Sixth Kāṇḍa]
Kāṇḍa VI, adhyāya 5, brāhmaṇa 2 < [Sixth Kāṇḍa]
Kāṇḍa X, adhyāya 5, brāhmaṇa 1 < [Tenth Kāṇḍa]
Asvalayana-grihya-sutra (by Hermann Oldenberg)
Garga Samhita (English) (by Danavir Goswami)
Verse 5.13.3 < [Chapter 13 - The Arrival of Sri Uddhava]
Verse 5.14.8 < [Chapter 14 - The Meeting of King Nanda and Uddhava]
Verse 5.13.31 < [Chapter 13 - The Arrival of Sri Uddhava]
Rig Veda (translation and commentary) (by H. H. Wilson)
Rig Veda 9.2.7 < [Sukta 2]
Rig Veda 5.27.3 < [Sukta 27]
Rig Veda 8.11.7 < [Sukta 11]
Puranic encyclopaedia (by Vettam Mani)
Hiranyakesi-grihya-sutra (by Hermann Oldenberg)