Ghrina, Ghṛṇā, Ghṛṇa: 15 definitions


Ghrina means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Ghṛṇā and Ghṛṇa can be transliterated into English as Ghrna or Ghrina, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Ghṛṇa (घृण) refers to “aversion”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “The teacher (ācārya) in the western house is one who belongs to the sequence of the line (of teachers). (He is) a yogi who, intent on Yoga, observes the Rule. Free of duality and thought constructs, he is intent on the practice of ritual union. He eats what he has begged and, free of aversion [i.e., nir-ghṛṇa], he is pure and intent on the practice of chastity. Established in Bhairavī’s vow, he is born from the womb of a Yoginī. He wears an antelope’s hide and white clothes. [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

Discover the meaning of ghrina or ghrna in the context of Shaktism from relevant books on Exotic India

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Ghṛṇa (घृण) refers to the “contempt”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “This body is filthy in nature, reprehensible, filled with much that is impure, produced from semen and other seeds, [and] is the abode of contempt (ghṛṇa-āspada). Where is the body, which is filled with blood, flesh and fat, has a skeleton of slender bones, is bound with tendons and is of bad odour, praised?”.

Synonyms: Lajjā.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

Discover the meaning of ghrina or ghrna in the context of General definition from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ghṛṇā (घृणा).—f S Compassion or pitifulness. ghṛṇī a S Compassionate or pitiful.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

ghṛṇā (घृणा).—f Compassion or pitifulness.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Discover the meaning of ghrina or ghrna in the context of Marathi from relevant books on Exotic India

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ghṛṇa (घृण).—

1) Heat, ardour.

2) Sunshine; आ यो घृणे न ततृषाणो अजरः (ā yo ghṛṇe na tatṛṣāṇo ajaraḥ) Ṛgveda 6.15.5.

3) A Day.

Derivable forms: ghṛṇaḥ (घृणः).

--- OR ---

Ghṛṇā (घृणा).—[ghṛ-nak]

1) Compassion, pity, tenderness; तां विलोक्य वनितावधे घृणां पत्रिणा सह मुमोच राघवः (tāṃ vilokya vanitāvadhe ghṛṇāṃ patriṇā saha mumoca rāghavaḥ) R.11.17;9.81; Kirātārjunīya 15.13.

2) Disgust, aversion, contempt; तत्याज तोषं परपुष्टघुष्टे घृणां च वीणाक्वणिते वितेने (tatyāja toṣaṃ parapuṣṭaghuṣṭe ghṛṇāṃ ca vīṇākvaṇite vitene) N.3.6;1.2; R.11. 65.

3) Reproach, censure.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ghṛṇa (घृण) or Ghṛṇu.—8th cl. (gharṇoti ghṛṇoti gharṇute) To shine. (i) ghṛṇi r. 1st. cl. (ghṛṇate) To take or accept. dīptau tanā-ubha-aka-seṭ. grahaṇe bhvā-ā saka-seṭ .

--- OR ---

Ghṛṇā (घृणा).—f.

(-ṇā) 1. Reproach, blame, censure, &c. 2. Compassion, tenderness, pity. E. ghṛṇ to shine, aṅ and ṭāp affixes, or ghṛ to sprinkle, with nak and ṭāp affs.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ghṛṇā (घृणा).—i. e. probably 2. ghṛ + ṇa, f. 1. Compassion, [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 27, 16. 2. Contempt, Naiṣ. 1, 20.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ghṛṇa (घृण).—[masculine] heat, sunshine, [instrumental] ghṛṇā; [feminine] ghṛṇā compassion, pity, contempt.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ghṛṇa (घृण):—[from ghṛṇ] m. heat, ardour, sunshine, [Ṛg-veda i, 133, 6; vi, 15, 5; x, 37, 10]

2) Ghṛṇā (घृणा):—[from ghṛṇa > ghṛṇ] a ind. through heat or sunshine, [Ṛg-veda]

3) [v.s. ...] f. a warm feeling towards others, compassion, tenderness, [Mahābhārata iii, v; Rāmāyaṇa; Raghuvaṃśa; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

4) [v.s. ...] aversion, contempt (with [locative case]), [Naiṣadha-carita i, 20; iii, 60]

5) [v.s. ...] horror, disgust, [Kādambarī vii, 199 and 236; Harṣacarita v, 186]

6) [v.s. ...] a kind of cucumber, [Demetrius Galanos’s Lexiko: sanskritikes, anglikes, hellenikes] (cf. nir-, hṛṇīyā.)

7) [from ghṛṇ] b f. of ṇa q.v.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ghṛṇā (घृणा):—(ṇā) 1. f. Reproach, hatred; pity.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Ghṛṇā (घृणा) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Ghaṇā, Ghiṇā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Ghrina in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of ghrina or ghrna in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Ghṛṇā (घृणा) [Also spelled ghrana]:—(nf) hatred, scorn, abhorrence; loathing.

context information


Discover the meaning of ghrina or ghrna in the context of Hindi from relevant books on Exotic India

Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Ghṛṇa (ಘೃಣ):—[noun] a kind, obliging, friendly or generous attitude or act; a looking with compassion.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

Discover the meaning of ghrina or ghrna in the context of Kannada from relevant books on Exotic India

See also (Relevant definitions)

Relevant text

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: