Ghotamukha, Ghoṭamukha: 3 definitions

Introduction:

Ghotamukha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Arthashastra (politics and welfare)

Source: archive.org: Kautilya’s Arthasastra

Ghoṭamukha (घोटमुख) is mentioned as an authority in the Arthaśāstra chapter 5.5.—“[...] Cārāyaṇa says that this (king) is a long stalk of grass. Ghoṭamukha says that (he is like) a wet cloth. Kiñjalka says that (he is like) an elephant pouring over water”.

Arthashastra book cover
context information

Arthashastra (अर्थशास्त्र, arthaśāstra) literature concerns itself with the teachings (shastra) of economic prosperity (artha) statecraft, politics and military tactics. The term arthashastra refers to both the name of these scientific teachings, as well as the name of a Sanskrit work included in such literature. This book was written (3rd century BCE) by by Kautilya, who flourished in the 4th century BCE.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Ghotamukha in Theravada glossary
Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

A brahmin, probably of Pataliputta. On coming to visit Benares, he saw Udena there in Khemiyambavana and had a conversation with him, recorded in the Ghotamukha Sutta. At the conclusion of the talk he declared himself converted and wished to offer to Udena the daily allowance of five hundred kahapanas which he regularly received from the king of Anga. Udena suggested that the money might be utilised to build an assembly hall for the Order at Pataliputta. The suggestion was agreed to and the assembly hall, when built, was called Ghotamukhi (M.ii.157ff).

The Commentary (MA.ii.786f) adds that Ghotamukha held the view that one should seek self glorification, even by the slaughter of ones parents, and that he was the only person born in heaven, in spite of having held that view. After his birth in heaven, having discovered the cause of his good fortune, be came to earth in disguise and, after revealing his identity to his only remaining sister, told her where his treasures were hidden and instructed her to spend some of the money on renovating an old refectory which the monks were trying to restore.

Source: Shodhganga: A study of the Buddhist concept of liberation

Ghoṭamukha (घोटमुख) is the name of a Brāhmaṇa mentioned in the Majjhima-nikāya.—In the Discourse no. 94 “With Ghoṭamukha” (Ghoṭamukhasutta), venerable Udena said to Brāhmaṇa Ghotamukha that there are four kinds of persons found existing in the world as in the Discourse no. 51. Brāhmaṇa Ghoṭamukha said only the fourth person: neither a self-tormentor, nor a tormentor of others, nor both appeal to his mind. After hearing the dhamma, Ghoṭamukha offered five hundred kahāpaṇas but venerable Udena refused and declined because he was “not allowed to receive gold and silver”.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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