Ghatotkaca, aka: Ghaṭotkaca; 8 Definition(s)


Ghatotkaca means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Ghatotkacha.

In Hinduism


[Ghatotkaca in Purana glossaries]

Ghaṭotkaca (घटोत्कच):—Son of Bhīma (one of the sons of Pāṇḍu) and his wife Hiḍimbā. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.22.30-31)

(Source): Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

Ghaṭotkaca (घटोत्कच).—General. Ghaṭotkaca, son of Bhīmasena played a very important part in the story of Mahābhārata. He was, from his very birth, a staunch friend and ally of the Pāṇḍavas. He courted a hero’s death in the great war. (See full article at Story of Ghaṭotkaca from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

(Source): Puranic Encyclopaedia

Ghaṭotkaca (घटोत्कच).—A son of Bhīmasena by Hiḍimbā (Hiḍambā, Haiḍimbī).*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 22. 30-31; Matsya-purāṇa 50. 54; Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 247; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 20. 45.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

[Ghatotkaca in Dharmashastra glossaries]

Ghaṭotkaca, a son of Bhīma. Before marrying Draupadī, Bhīma sired Ghaṭotkoca with a lady of the wilds, a Rākṣasī or demoness named Hiḍimbā. While Ghaṭotkaca’s death is episodic to our concern with the killing of Droṇa, Bhīma’s part becomes important. Ghaṭotkaca’s killing occurs at a hinge in the text toward the close of the Mahābhārata’s seventh Book, the “Book of Droṇa,” which covers the five days that Droṇa marshals the Kaurava army.

(Source): Google Books: Dharma: Its Early History in Law, Religion, and Narrative
Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Itihasa (narrative history)

[Ghatotkaca in Itihasa glossaries]

Ghaṭotkaca (घटोत्कच) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.63.103, I.63, I.90.88) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Ghaṭotkaca) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

(Source): JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
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Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[Ghatotkaca in Hinduism glossaries]

Ghatotkacha (घटोत्‍कच): Son of Bhima from demoness Hidimba.

(Source): WikiPedia: Hinduism

India history and geogprahy

[Ghatotkaca in India history glossaries]

Ghaṭotkaca (घटोत्कच) is an example of a name based on an Epic or Purana mentioned in the Gupta inscriptions. The Gupta empire (r. 3rd-century CE), founded by Śrī Gupta, covered much of ancient India and embraced the Dharmic religions such as Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism. Derivation of personal names (eg., Ghaṭotkaca) during the rule of the Guptas followed patterns such as tribes, places, rivers and mountains.

(Source): Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[Ghatotkaca in Sanskrit glossaries]

Ghaṭotkaca (घटोत्कच).—Name of a son of Bhīma by a female demon named हिडिम्बा (hiḍimbā); Bhāg.9.22.3-31. He was a very powerful person and fought valiantly in the great war between the Pāṇḍavas and Kauravas on the side of the former, but was slain by Karṇa with the Śakti or missile he had received from Indra; cf. Mu.2.15. The derivation of the name is given in the आदिपर्व (ādiparva) of महाभारत (mahābhārata) as follows : घटो हास्योत्कच इति माता तं प्रत्यभाषत । अब्रवीत्तेन नामास्य घटोत्कच इति स्म ह (ghaṭo hāsyotkaca iti mātā taṃ pratyabhāṣata | abravīttena nāmāsya ghaṭotkaca iti sma ha) || Mb.1.155.38.

Derivable forms: ghaṭotkacaḥ (घटोत्कचः).

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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