Ghatana, Ghaṭana, Ghātana: 18 definitions


Ghatana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Ghatna.

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In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram (shaivism)

Ghaṭanā (घटना) refers to “exertion” (for what is conventionally considered to be right or wrong), according to the Mahānayaprakāśa by Arṇasiṃha (Cf. verse 182-197).—Accordingly, “He who, by virtue of the innate expansion (of his own consciousness) and freedom, assumes the nature of the senses, without (this thereby) diminishing the glorious power of the Inexplicable (Fourth State of consciousness) in the sphere the objects of sense and who, abandoning (all) exertion (ghaṭanā) (for what is conventionally considered to be) right or wrong, moves (freely) at all times, is known as Meṣanātha who, endowed with the expansion (of consciousness), is ever intent (on realisation)”.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Ghatana in Yoga glossary
Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Ghaṭana (घटन) refers to “exertion”, according to the Amanaska Yoga treatise dealing with meditation, absorption, yogic powers and liberation.—Accordingly, as Īśvara says to Vāmadeva: “[...] Putting on ochre garments, carrying a skull, plucking out clumps of hair, maintaining non-vedic religious observances, ashes, ascetic clothing and matted locks, behaving as if mad, [the ascetic practice of] nakedness, [studying] the Vedas, Tantras and so on and the meeting [of learned people] for [reciting] poetry in the assembly: All [this] is exertion (ghaṭana) for the sake of filling one's stomach and is not the cause of the highest good. [...]”.

Yoga book cover
context information

Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Ghatana in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

ghaṭana : (nt.) fixing; combination. || ghātana (nt.), killing; slaughter; destruction; robbery; brigandage. ghaṭanā (f.), fixing; combination.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Ghaṭana, see Ghaṭṭana. (Page 256)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ghaṭaṇa (घटण).—& ghaṭaṇā Properly ghaṭana & ghaṭanā.

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ghaṭana (घटन).—n S ghaṭanā f (S) Forging, forming, fashioning, working up, making: also workmanship or handiwork: (the skill or the product.) 2 Happening or occurring. 3 also sometimes ghaṭaṇūka f Negotiating (esp. of matrimonial matches); bringing about. Ex. ubhaya lakṣāsīṃ aikya gha0 sādhijēla.

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ghatana (घतन).—a (ghāta S) Pernicious, destructive, deleterious: also baneful, baleful, hurtful gen.

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ghatana (घतन).—n (ghāta S) n A deadly or hurtful thing or matter. 2 Jeopardy, peril, danger of loss of life or of loss gen. 3 Destruction of life: also damage or loss gen.

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ghāṭaṇa (घाटण).—n Split pulse mashed or beaten up in boiling water into a thick consistence, pulse-stirabout. 2 Bruising, mashing, or stirring about (as with a ladle or spoon). v ghāla.

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ghāṭaṇā (घाटणा).—m ghāṭaṇērā m (ghāṭaṇēṃ) A stick with a cloth at the end: used to stir about grain &c. under parching.

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ghāṭaṇā (घाटणा).—m W A muller or bruiser (of a mortar). See ghāṭū.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

ghaṭanā (घटना) [-ghaṭaṇūka, -घटणूक].—f Negotiationg; bringing about. Forging, forming, fashioning, working up.

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ghaṭana (घटन).—n-f Forging, forming, handi- work; happening.

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ghāṭaṇa (घाटण).—n Bruising, mashing, or stirring about (as with a ladle or spoon.).

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ghāṭaṇā (घाटणा).—m ghāṭaṇērā m A stick with a cloth at the end: used to stir about grain &c. under parching.

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ghāṭaṇā (घाटणा).—m A muller or bruiser (of a mortar).

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ghaṭana (घटन) or Ghaṭanā (घटना).—[ghaṭ-lyuṭ]

1) Effort, exertion.

2) Happening, occurring; तदेषा दैवघटना (tadeṣā daivaghaṭanā) Kathāsaritsāgara 122.33.

3) Accomplishment, bringing about, effecting; as in अघटितघटना (aghaṭitaghaṭanā); यन्माहात्म्यवशेन यान्ति घटनां कार्याणि निर्यन्त्रणाम् (yanmāhātmyavaśena yānti ghaṭanāṃ kāryāṇi niryantraṇām) Rāj. T.4.365.

4) Joining, union, mixing or bringing together, combination; तप्तेन तप्तमयसा घटनाय योग्यं (taptena taptamayasā ghaṭanāya yogyaṃ) V.2.16; देहद्वयार्धघटना रचितम् (dehadvayārdhaghaṭanā racitam) K.239; Uttararāmacarita 3.13.

5) Making, forming, shaping.

6) Motion.

7) Strife, hostility; इत्थं यत्र परिग्रहस्य घटना शम्भोरपि स्याद्गृहे (itthaṃ yatra parigrahasya ghaṭanā śambhorapi syādgṛhe) Pañcatantra (Bombay) 1.159. -8 (-) A troop of elephants.

9) A literary composition.

Derivable forms: ghaṭanam (घटनम्).

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Ghāṭaṇa (घाटण).—A bolt; अन्तर्वापि बहिर्वापि घाटणं कीलसंयुतम् (antarvāpi bahirvāpi ghāṭaṇaṃ kīlasaṃyutam) Māna.19.152-53.

Derivable forms: ghāṭaṇam (घाटणम्).

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Ghātana (घातन).—[in ṇic bhāve lyuṭ] A killer, murderer.

-nam 1 Striking, killing, slaughter.

2) Killing (as an animal at a sacrifice), immolatting; स्वपुत्रघातनं कृत्वा प्राप्तं तन्मांसभक्षणम् (svaputraghātanaṃ kṛtvā prāptaṃ tanmāṃsabhakṣaṇam) Kathāsaritsāgara 2.214.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ghaṭana (घटन).—nf.

(-naṃ-nā) 1. Effort, exertion. 2. Assembling, bringing together. 3. Joining, mixing. 4. Occuring. E. ghaṭ to strive, &c. affix yuc .

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Ghātana (घातन).—n.

(-naṃ) A murderer, a killer. n.

(-naṃ) 1. Killing, slaughter. 2. Striking. 3. Immolating victims. E. han to kill, lyuṭ affix, and ghāta substituted for the radical. hastyarthatvāt svārthe ṇic bhāve lyuṭ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ghaṭana (घटन).—[ghaṭ + ana], n. and f. , 1. Striving, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 175. 2. Exertion, Śāntiś. 2, 20. 3. Junction, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] 34, v. r.; [Kathāsaritsāgara, (ed. Brockhaus.)] 24, 231. 4. Composition, [Lassen, Anthologia Sanskritica.] 68, 12.

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Ghātana (घातन).—i. e. han, [Causal.], + ana, I. n. Killing, Mahābhārata 2, 1558. Ii. f. , A club, [Rāmāyaṇa] 6, 37, 54.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ghaṭana (घटन).—[neuter] joining, union with ([instrumental] or —°). [feminine] ā the same, arranging or shooting (of an arrow), action, way of acting, effort, endeavour at ([locative] or —°); success, accomplishment; getting, procuring, producing; literary work or composition.

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Ghātana (घातन).—[neuter] killing, murder; [feminine] ī a kind of club.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ghaṭana (घटन):—[from ghaṭ] n. (= ṭā, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]) connection or union with ([instrumental case] or in [compound]), [Vikramorvaśī ii, 15] ([varia lectio]), [Kathāsaritsāgara xxiv, 231]

2) Ghaṭanā (घटना):—[from ghaṭana > ghaṭ] f. exertion, motion, acting, manner of acting, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā l, 1; Pañcatantra; Kathāsaritsāgara cxxii, 33]

3) [v.s. ...] striving after, being occupied or busy with ([locative case] or in [compound]), [Śāntiśataka ii, 20] (= [Nāgānanda iv, 2]), [Sāhitya-darpaṇa iv, 14/v] (iṣu-, ‘shooting an arrow’)

4) [v.s. ...] taking effect, answering, accomplishment, (nāṃ-√yā, ‘to take effect, succeed’ [Rājataraṅgiṇī iv, 365]; nāṃ-√nī, to effect, accomplish, [Siṃhāsana-dvātriṃśikā or vikramāditya-caritra, jaina recension])

5) [v.s. ...] connection, union with (in [compound]), [Sāhitya-darpaṇa iii, 226/227]

6) [v.s. ...] (= ṭa) a troop (of elephants), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] a literary composition, [viii, 7]

8) [v.s. ...] a work consisting of (in [compound]), [Vikramāṅkadeva-carita, by Bilhaṇa vi, 33]

9) Ghaṭana (घटन):—[from ghaṭ] nf. procuring, finding, [Kathāsaritsāgara cxviii, 197]

10) [v.s. ...] making, effecting, forming, fashioning, bringing about, [Dhūrtasamāgama i, 7; Kathāsaritsāgara cxxiii, 140; Hemacandra’s Yoga-śāstra iii, 102.]

11) [v.s. ...] m. an actor, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

12) [v.s. ...] a wicked or shameless person, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

13) Ghatana (घतन):—See ghāt.

14) Ghātana (घातन):—[from ghāta] mfn. killing, [Uṇādi-sūtra v, 42] (also ghat)

15) [v.s. ...] m. Name of an inhabitant of a hell, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

16) [v.s. ...] n. slaying, killing, slaughter, immolating, [Mahābhārata ii, 1558; Kathāsaritsāgara xx, 214; Devī-māhātmya]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ghaṭanā (घटना):—[(nā-naṃ)] 1. f. Effort; assembling, joining, occurrence.

2) Ghātana (घातन):—(naṃ) 1. n. Killing; striking; immolating. m. A murderer.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Ghaṭana (घटन) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Ghaḍaṇa, Ghaḍaṇā, Ghāyāvaṇā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Ghatana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Ghatana in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Ghaṭanā (घटना) [Also spelled ghatna]:—(nf) an incident, event; incidence, occurrence; phenomenon; (v) to happen; to be subtracted; to decrease, to lessen; —[krama] series of events; —[cakra] march of events; —[baḍhanā] to fluctuate, to vary; ~[sthala] the site/scene of an incident/occurrence.

2) Ghaṭānā (घटाना):—(v) to reduce; to subtract; to deduct; to diminish; to lessen/decrease; to apply.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Ghaṭana (ಘಟನ):—

1) [noun] a bringing or joining together.

2) [noun] a bringing about; the act of making (something) happen or becoming.

3) [noun] an effort a) a using of energy to get something done; exertion of strength or mental power; b) a try, esp. a hard try; an attempt; an endeavour.

4) [noun] an accomplishing or being accomplished; completion; accomplishment.

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Ghātana (ಘಾತನ):—

1) [noun] the act of breaking faith with; a cheating; betrayal.

2) [noun] the act of inflicting pain; 3 the act or process of killing (another).

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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