Ghat, Ghaṭ, Gham: 12 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Ghat means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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India history and geography

Source: archive.org: Husain Shahi Bengal

Ghat or Ghāṭ refers to “bathing places which supplied water to the people”.—Rural settlements [in medieval Bengal] contained, in addition to habitations, roads and paths, tanks with bathing ghāṭs which supplied water to the people, jungles serving the purpose of the pasture-land and canals forming a sort of drainage system for the village. There were arable land and fallow land, the latter being brought under cultivation with the gradual increase of population. Some of the villages had local markets or hāṭs where people used to go to buy and sell the necessaries of life.

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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ghaṭ (घट्).—I. 1 Ā. (ghaṭate, jaghaṭe, aghaṭiṣṭa, ghaṭitum, ghaṭita)

1) To be busy with, strive after, exert oneself for, be intently occupied with anything (with inf. loc., or dat.); घटस्व ज्ञातिभिः सह (ghaṭasva jñātibhiḥ saha) Bhāg.8.71.6; दयितां त्रातुमलं घटस्व (dayitāṃ trātumalaṃ ghaṭasva) Bk.1.4; अङ्गदेन समं योद्धुमघटिष्ट (aṅgadena samaṃ yoddhumaghaṭiṣṭa) 15.77,12.26,16.23;2.24;22.31.

2) To happen, take place, be possible; प्राणैस्तपोभि- रथवाऽभिमतं मदीयैः कृत्यं घटेत सुहृदो यदि तत्कृतं स्यात् (prāṇaistapobhi- rathavā'bhimataṃ madīyaiḥ kṛtyaṃ ghaṭeta suhṛdo yadi tatkṛtaṃ syāt) Māl.1.9 if it can be effected; कस्यापरस्योडुमयैः प्रसूनैर्वादित्रसृष्टि- र्घटते भटस्य (kasyāparasyoḍumayaiḥ prasūnairvāditrasṛṣṭi- rghaṭate bhaṭasya) N.22.22; उभयथापि घटते (ubhayathāpi ghaṭate) Ve.3; प्रसीदेति ब्रूयामिदमसति कोपे न घटते (prasīdeti brūyāmidamasati kope na ghaṭate) Ratn.2.19 is not proper &c.

3) To be united with; दुर्दर्शनेन घटतामियमप्यनेन (durdarśanena ghaṭatāmiyamapyanena) Māl.2.8.

4) To come to, reach. -Caus. (ghaṭayati)

1) To unite, join, bring together; इत्थं नारीर्घटयितुमलं कामिभिः (itthaṃ nārīrghaṭayitumalaṃ kāmibhiḥ) Śi.9.87; अनेन भैमीं घटयिष्यतस्तथा (anena bhaimīṃ ghaṭayiṣyatastathā) N.1.46; क्रुधा संधिं भीमो विघटयति यूयं घटयत (krudhā saṃdhiṃ bhīmo vighaṭayati yūyaṃ ghaṭayata) Ve.1.1; Bk.11.11.

2) To bring or place near to, bring in contact with, put on; घटयति घनं कण्ठाश्लेषे रसान्न पयोधरौ (ghaṭayati ghanaṃ kaṇṭhāśleṣe rasānna payodharau) Ratn.3.9; घटय जघने काञ्चीम् (ghaṭaya jaghane kāñcīm) Gīt.12.

3) To accomplish, bring about, effect; तटस्थः स्वानर्थान् घटयति च मौनं च भजते (taṭasthaḥ svānarthān ghaṭayati ca maunaṃ ca bhajate) Māl.1.14; (abhimataṃ) आनीय झटिति घटयति (ānīya jhaṭiti ghaṭayati) Ratn.1.7; Bh.2.12.

4) To form, fashion, shape, work out, make; एवमभिधाय वैनतेयं (evamabhidhāya vainateyaṃ) ... अघटयत् (aghaṭayat) Pt.1; कान्ते कथं घटितवानुपलेन चेतः (kānte kathaṃ ghaṭitavānupalena cetaḥ) Ś Til.3; घटय भुजबन्धनम् (ghaṭaya bhujabandhanam) Gīt.1.

5) To prompt, impel; स्नेहौघो घटयति मां तथापि वक्तुम् (snehaugho ghaṭayati māṃ tathāpi vaktum) Bk. 1.73.

6) To rub, touch.

7) To exert oneself for.

8) To move, agitate. -II. 1 U. (ghāṭayati, ghāṭita)

1) To hurt, injure, kill.

2) To unite, join, bring or collect together.

3) To shine.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ghaṭ (घट्).—[ghaṭa] r. 1st cl. (ghaṭate) To act, to strive or endeavour. r. 10th cl. (ghāṭayati) 1. To unite or to put together. 2. To injure or kill. 3. To shine (i) ghaṭi r. 10th cl. (ghaṇṭayati) To shine. ghaṭa bhvā-ā-aka-seṭ ghaṭādi .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ghaṭ (घट्).— (akin partly to han, partly to ghaṭṭ). i. 1, Atm. (also [Parasmaipada.], Mahābhārata 3, 14703), 1. To endeavour, Mahābhārata 3, 1581. 2. To work, Mahābhārata 5, 256. 3. To take place, [Śiśupālavadha] 9, 44. 4. To be possible, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 7, 10, 3. 5. To fall into, [Lassen, Anthologia Sanskritica.] 18, 8 (one’s hand). 6. To be joined, [Mālatīmādhava, (ed. Calc.)] p. 38, 9.

— Comp. ptcple. of the pf. pass. A-ghaṭita, adj. impossible, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 6, 16, 44. Su-, adj. 1. well joined. 2. well-contrived or managed.

— [Causal.] I. ghaṭaya, 1. To join, [Pañcatantra] 40, 12. 2. To put on, [Gītagovinda. ed. Lassen.] 12, 26. 3. To fetch, [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 3, 18. 4. To make, [Pañcatantra] 44, 16; to perform, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 4, 364. 5. To endeavour, Mahābhārata 3, 14702. 6. To touch, Mahābhārata 4, 637. Ii., also i. 10, [Parasmaipada.] ghā- ṭaya, 1. (cf. ud, pari), To injure. 2. † To shine or speak.

— With the prep. vyā vi-ā, vyāghaṭita, Returned (?), [Lassen, Anthologia Sanskritica.] 22, 9.

— With ud ud, [Causal.] ghā- ṭaya, 1. To open, [Mṛcchakaṭikā, (ed. Stenzler.)] 80, 7. 2. To discover (as a secret), [Pañcatantra] 184, 16. 3. To begin, [Hitopadeśa] iv. [distich] 2. 4. To tickle, [Suśruta] 2, 370, 2. Ptcple. of the pf. pass. 1. udghāṭita, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 2, 100. 2. udghaṭita, Kūmar. 7, 53.

— With pari pari, [Causal.] ghāṭaya, To strike, to sound, [Mṛcchakaṭikā, (ed. Stenzler.)] 11, 4 (v. r.).

— With vi vi, 1. To burst, to crumble down, [Prabodhacandrodaya, (ed. Brockhaus.)] 8, 11. 2. To become interrupted, [Hitopadeśa] iv. [distich] 2. [Causal.] ghaṭaya, 1. To tear, [Prabodhacandrodaya, (ed. Brockhaus.)] 116, 3. 2. To ruin, [Hitopadeśa] ii. [distich] 157.

— With sam sam, To assemble, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 6, 242. [Causal.] ghaṭaya, 1. To strike, to sound, Rām, 2, 71, 26. 2. To collect, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 326.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ghaṭ (घट्).—ghaṭate (ghaṭati) be eager or busy, work at, exert one’s self for, strive after ([locative], [dative], or [accusative]); be accomplished, come round, succeed, be possible, fit, or suitable; meet, join ([instrumental]). [Causative] ghaṭayati (te), [participle] ghaṭita bring together, unite, place upon ([locative]), bring near, procure, cause, effect, produce, make, form.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ghaṭ (घट्):—[class] 1. [Ātmanepada] ṭate (exceptionally [Parasmaipada] ti, [Mahābhārata iii, 14703; Vetāla-pañcaviṃśatikā ii, 9/10]; jaghaṭe, ghaṭiṣyate [Naiṣadha-carita], aghaṭiṣṭa, [Bhaṭṭi-kāvya]),

—to be intently occupied about, be busy with, strive or endeavour after, exert one’s self for ([locative case] [dative case] [accusative] [Mahābhārata iii, 14703], prati, -artham and arthe; [infinitive mood] [Pāṇini 3-4, 65; Bhaṭṭi-kāvya]);

—to reach, come to ([locative case]), [Vetāla-pañcaviṃśatikā ii, 9/10];

—to fall to the share of ([locative case]), [Naiṣadha-carita x, 47];

—to take effect, answer, [Kathāsaritsāgara cxxiv; Rājataraṅgiṇī vi, 361];

—to happen, take place, be possible, suit, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa; Harṣacarita; Śiśupāla-vadha ix, 4; Ratnāvalī; Naiṣadha-carita; Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha] etc.;

—to be in connection or united with ([instrumental case]), [Mālatīmādhava ii, 8; Daśakumāra-carita viii, 34; Rājataraṅgiṇī iv, 617];

— (for √ghaṭṭ) to hurt with words, speak of malignantly, [Harivaṃśa ii, 1, 31] :—[Causal] [Parasmaipada] ghaṭayati ([Pāṇini 6-4, 92]; exceptionally [Ātmanepada] te, [Rājataraṅgiṇī iv, 543]),

—to join together, connect, bring together, unite, [Suśruta; Śiśupāla-vadha ix, 87; Naiṣadha-carita i, 46; Ratnāvalī];

—to shut, [Harṣacarita v, 253] ([varia lectio]);

—to put or place or lay on ([locative case]), [Gīta-govinda v, vii, xii];

—to bring near, procure, [Bhartṛhari iii, 18; Amaru-śataka; Kathāsaritsāgara xviii; Vetāla-pañcaviṃśatikā];

—to effect, accomplish, produce, make, form, fashion, [Mṛcchakaṭikā; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhajjātaka; Pañcatantra] etc.;

—to do a service ([accusative]) to any one ([genitive case]), [Rājataraṅgiṇī v, 543];

—to impel, [Bhaṭṭi-kāvya x, 73];

—to exert one’s self, [Mahābhārata iii, 14702];

— (for √ghaṭṭ, [Causal]) to rub, graze, touch, move, agitate, [iv, vi (C), vii, xii (5363, C)]:—[Causal] ghāṭayati, to hurt, injure, [Dhātupāṭha xxxiii, 49];

—to unite or put together, [ib.];—‘to speak’ or ‘to shine’ [ 93.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ghaṭ (घट्):—(ṅa) ghaṭate 1. a. To act, to strive. (ka) ghāṭayati 10. a. To unite or put together, to happen; to injure; to shine; (i, ka) ghaṇṭayati to shine.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Ghaṭ (घट्) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Ghaḍa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Ghat in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Ghat in Hindi refers in English to:—(nm) a pitcher; the physical frame/body; nominal form of the verb [ghatana] used as the first member of the compound [ghatabadha] fluctuation, variation; •[hona] to fluctuate; to vary; to be slightly more or less; —[ghata mem samana] to permeate each and every body/through all and sundry..—ghat (घट) is alternatively transliterated as Ghaṭa.

2) Ghat in Hindi refers in English to:—(nm) wharf, quay; berth; ferry, bank; ~[bamdi] embargo; —[shulka] ferriage; —[ka patthara] a public property; —[ghata ka pani pina] to wander from pillar to post; to gather varied experience; —[lagana] to reach ashore; to find a foothold..—ghat (घाट) is alternatively transliterated as Ghāṭa.

3) Ghat in Hindi refers in English to:—(nf) ambush, ambuscade; killing; slaughter; stroke; power degree; —[para cadhana, —mem ana] to fall into one’s clutches; —[mem phirana] to mark time for an ambuscade: —[mem baithana] to wait for an ambuscade; —[mem rahana] to be upon the catch, to ambuscade; to look for a tactical opportunity to strike; —[lagana] to lie in ambush; [ghatem batana] to play tricks; to impart lessons in trickery..—ghat (घात) is alternatively transliterated as Ghāta.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Ghaṃ (ಘಂ):—[noun] a sweet smell; pleasant odour; fragrance.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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