Gharma: 13 definitions


Gharma means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Gharma (घर्म).—A King of the Aṅga royal dynasty.

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Gharma (घर्म) refers to “heat”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.22 (“Description of Pārvatī’s penance”).—Accordingly, after Menā spoke to Pārvatī: “[...] Performing such austerities and engrossed in the muttering of the five-syllabled mantra, Pārvatī meditated on Śiva, the bestower of fruits of our cherished desires. Everyday during leisure time she used to water the trees planted by her along with her maids and extended acts of hospitality. Chill gusts of wind, cool showers, and unbearable heat [i.e., gharma] she bore with equanimity”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Gharma (घर्म) refers to the “summer”, mentioned in verse 3.56-57 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “to sum up, in autumn and spring rough, in summer [viz., gharma] and autumn [ghanānta] cold, in seasons other than these opposite food and drink; always constant use of all flavours, (but) in each season superiority of its own respective (flavour)”.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

gharma (घर्म).—m (S) Sweat or perspiration. See the derivative ghāma.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Gharma (घर्म).—a. [gharati aṅgāt; ghṛ-seke kartari mak ni° guṇaḥ Uṇ.1.146] Hot.

-rmaḥ 1 Heat, warmth; घर्मार्तं न तथा सुशीतलजलैः स्नानम् (gharmārtaṃ na tathā suśītalajalaiḥ snānam) H.1.93; U.3.5.

2) The hot season, summer; निःश्वासहार्यांशुकमाजगाम घर्मः प्रियावेशमिवोपदेष्टुम् (niḥśvāsahāryāṃśukamājagāma gharmaḥ priyāveśamivopadeṣṭum) R.16.49; U.2.9.

3) Sweat, perspiration; अघर्मघर्मोदक- बिन्दुमौक्तिकैरलंचकारास्य वधूरहस्करः (agharmagharmodaka- bindumauktikairalaṃcakārāsya vadhūrahaskaraḥ) Śi.1.58.

4) A cauldron, boiler.

5) Sunshine;

6) A cavity in the earth shaped like a boiler.

7) A hot day.

8) Ved. A sacrifice.

9) Juice.

1) Milk (of cows).

11) The प्रवर्ग्य (pravargya) ceremony.

12) A kind of deity; घर्मः स्यादातपे ग्रीष्मे प्रवर्ग्ये देवतान्तरे (gharmaḥ syādātape grīṣme pravargye devatāntare) |

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gharma (घर्म).—i. e. ghṛ + ma, m. 1. Heat, [Pañcatantra] 80, 7. 2. The hot season, [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 63, 24.

— Cf. [Latin] formus (Fest.). feumentum; [Old High German.] waram; A. S. wearm; and ghri.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gharma (घर्म).—[masculine] heat, warmth; any hot (sacrificial) beverage, [especially] milk; boiler, cauldron; also = seq.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Gharma (घर्म):—m. (√2. ghṛ) heat, warmth (of the sun or of fire), sunshine, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda] etc.

2) the hot season, [Rāmāyaṇa i, 63, 24; Raghuvaṃśa xvi, 43; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

3) internal heat, [Rāmāyaṇa ii, 75, 45] ([varia lectio])

4) perspiration, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) day (opposed to night), [Jyotiṣa] (Yv) 9

6) a cauldron, boiler, [especially] the vessel in which the milk-offering to the Aśvins is boiled, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda vii; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā viii, 61; Aitareya-brāhmaṇa i; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa xiv; Lāṭyāyana]

7) a cavity in the earth shaped like a cauldron (from which Atri was rescued by the Aśvins; ‘heat’ [Grassmann]), [Ṛg-veda]

8) hot milk or any other hot beverage offered as an oblation ([especially] to the Aśvins), [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda iv, 1, 2; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā xxxviii; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa iv, xiv; Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra; Āśvalāyana-śrauta-sūtra]

9) Name of Tāpasa (author of [Ṛg-veda x, 114])

10) of Saurya (author of 181, 3)

11) of a son of Anu (father of Ghṛta), [Harivaṃśa 1840] ([varia lectio])

12) cf. θερμός, θέρμη; [Latin] formus; [Zend] garĕma; [Gothic] varmya; [German] warm.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gharma (घर्म):—(rmmaḥ) 1. m. Heat, perspiration.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Gharma (घर्म) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Ghamma, Ghammā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Gharma in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Gharma (ಘರ್ಮ):—[adjective] having a high temperature; characterised by a relatively or abnormally high temperature; very warm; hot.

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Gharma (ಘರ್ಮ):—

1) [noun] the quality of being hot; hotness; heat.

2) [noun] a state of increased body temperature caused by exercise, ovulation, infections, etc.; fever; pyrexia.

3) [noun] the warmest season of the year; summer season.

4) [noun] the clear, alkaline, salty liquid given forth in drops through the pores of the skin; perspiration; sweat.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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