Gavyuti, Gavyūti: 13 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Gavyuti means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Google Books: Cultural History from the Vāyu Purāna

Gavyūti (गव्यूति): A unit of measurement of distance, according to the Vāyu Purāṇa (वायु पुराण). The following table gives some idea about their relations to each other:

8 Aṅgulas = Prādeśa (?);
21 Aṅgulas = Ratni;
24 Aṅgulas = Hasta;
2000 Dhanus = Gavyūti;
12 Aṅgulas = Vitasti;
2 Ratnis or 42 Aṅgulas = Kiṣku;
4 hastas = Dhanus;
8000 Dhanus = Yojana.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Gavyūti (गव्यूति).—2000 dhanus.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 29. 19: Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa I. 7. 100: Vāyu-purāṇa 8. 106: 101. 126.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Gavyūti; ancient Hindu unit of measurement of distance. 2000 Dhanus make 1 Gavyūti, and 4 Gavyūti make up for a single Yojana.

If we consider a single Yojana to be 8 miles (~12.87km), one Gavyūti would correspond to roughly 2 miles (~3.22km)

If we consider a single Yojana to be 5 miles (~8.04km), one Gavyūti would correspond to roughly 1.25 miles (~2.01km)

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Gavyūti (गव्यूति) or Gavyūta refers to a unit of measurement.—Gavyūti can mean either 1 kos or 2 kos. Hemacandra himself, Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 3.551, gives 2000 bows as equal to 1 gavyūta (gavyūti) or 1 kos. This is the usual Jain mensuration. But it is also used as equivalent to 2 kos. Hemacandra so uses it in Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1.60. According to the Samavasaraṇastavana, IA 40, p. 130, the caitya-tree should be 12 times the height of the Arhat. Ajita was 450 bows tall, so 5400 bows was the correct height for the caitya-tree.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Gavyūti.—(EI 27), a linear measure; same as gavyūta (q. v.). Note: gavyūti is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Gavyūti (गव्यूति).—f.

1) A measure of length nearly equal to two miles or one Krośa.

2) A measure of distance equal to two Krośas; Bhāg.5.21.19.

3) A pastureground, pasturage.

Derivable forms: gavyūtiḥ (गव्यूतिः).

See also (synonyms): gavyūta.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gavyūti (गव्यूति).—mf.

(-tiḥ) A measure of two Kos, a league measured by 2000 Dands or fathoms. E. go the earth, yu to join, ktin affix, deriv. irr.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gavyūti (गव्यूति).—i. e. go-yu + ti, f. 1. Pasture-ground (ved.). 2. A measure = 4000 daṇḍa = 2 krośas, [Rāmāyaṇa] 6, 33, 13.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gavyūti (गव्यूति).—[feminine] pasture land, district, dwelling place, abode.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Gavyūti (गव्यूति):—[=gav-yūti] [from gav] a f. (gav-) ([Pāṇini 6-1, 79], Vārtt.2 [feminine]) a pasture, piece of pasture land, district, place of residence, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda; Taittirīya-saṃhitā ii] (cf. a-, uru-, dūre-, paro-, svasti-)

2) [v.s. ...] a measure of length (= 4000 Daṇḍas or 2 Krośas), [Tāṇḍya-brāhmaṇa xvi, 13, 12; Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa; Bhāgavata-purāṇa; Rājataraṅgiṇī]

3) [v.s. ...] [according to] to some, ‘road for the cows’; ‘any road or way’;‘a herd of cattle’.

4) [=gav-yūti] [from gaveśa] b See, [ib.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gavyūti (गव्यूति):—(tiḥ) 2. m. f. Idem.

[Sanskrit to German]

Gavyuti in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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