Gavaya: 18 definitions
Gavaya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Ayurveda (science of life)Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Gavaya (गवय) is a Sanskrit word referring to the animal “gayal cow”. The meat of this animal is part of the māṃsavarga (‘group of flesh’), which is used throughout Ayurvedic literature. The animal Gavaya is part of the sub-group named Ānupamṛga, refering to animals “who live in marshy land”. It was classified by Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Ayurvedic work. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic properties of the substance.Source: archive.org: Sushruta samhita, Volume I
Gavaya (गवय)—Sanskrit word for the animal “gaur” (Bos gaurus) or “gayal” (Bos frontalis). This animal is from the group called Kūlacara (‘shore-dwellers’). Kūlacara itself is a sub-group of the group of animals known as Ānupa (those that frequent marshy places).
The flesh of the Gavaya is demulcent and sweet in taste, and proves beneficial in cough and is sweet of digestion. It tends to increase sexual capacity.
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia
Gavaya (गवय).—A very powerful monkey King. As captain of a regiment he fought on the side of Śrī Rāma in the Rāma-Rāvaṇa war. (Vana Parva, Chapter 233, Verse 3).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
1a) Gavaya (गवय).—A Vānara chief.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 232.
1b) Created by Brahmā from his feet.*
- * Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 5. 49.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Dharmashastra (religious law)Source: Prācyā: Animals and animal products as reflected in Smṛti texts
Gavaya (गवय) refers to the animal “Wild ox” (Bos gaurus).—The Smṛtis mention several domestic as well as wild animals that are enumerated in context of specifying expiation for killing them, the flesh being used as a dietary article to give satisfaction to the Manes (Pitṛs) in Śrāddha rites, the law of transmigration due to various sins committed as well as in the context of specifying gifts to be given on various occasions. These animals [viz., Gavaya] are chiefly mentioned in the Manusmṛti, Parāśarasmṛti [Chap.6], Gautamasmṛti [17.2 and 15.1], Śātātapasmṛti [II.45-54], Uśānasmṛti [IX.7-9; IX.12-13], Yājñavalkyasmṛti [I.170-171; I.175; I.258- 260], Viṣṇusmṛti [51.3;51.6;51.26;51.33;80.3-14], Uttarāṅgirasasmṛti [X.15-17], Prajāpatismṛti [Śrāddhatyājyavastuvarṇanam. 138-143], 9 Kāśyapasmṛti [Section on Prāyaścittavarṇanam], Vṛddha Hārītasmṛti [6.253-255] and Kātyāyanasmṛti [27.11].
Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.
General definition (in Hinduism)Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects
Gavaya (गवय), the name of a species of ox (Bos gavaeus) occurs frequently from the Rigveda onwards. It is mentioned with Gaura and Mahiṣa in the Vājasaneyi Saṃhitā, where also a wild Gavaya is spoken of.
General definition (in Jainism)Source: archive.org: Een Kritische Studie Van Svayambhūdeva’s Paümacariu
Gavaya (गवय) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as mentioned in Svayambhūdeva’s Paumacariu (Padmacarita, Paumacariya or Rāmāyaṇapurāṇa) chapter 57ff. Svayambhū or Svayambhūdeva (8th or 9th century) was a Jain householder who probably lived in Karnataka. His work recounts the popular Rāma story as known from the older work Rāmāyaṇa (written by Vālmīki). Various chapters [mentioning Gavaya] are dedicated to the humongous battle whose armies (known as akṣauhiṇīs) consisted of millions of soldiers, horses and elephants, etc.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
Pali-English dictionarySource: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
gavaya : (m.) a species of ox, the gayal.Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Gavaya, (and gavaja) a species of ox, the gayal (Sk. gavaya, cp. gavala, buffalo) J.V, 406. (°ja=khagga); Miln.149; DhsA.331. (Page 247)
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
gavaya (गवय).—m S See the derivative gavā. A species of ox.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Gavaya (गवय).—A species of ox; गोसदृशो गवयः (gosadṛśo gavayaḥ) T. S.; दृष्टः कथंचिद्गवयैर्विविग्नैः (dṛṣṭaḥ kathaṃcidgavayairvivignaiḥ) Ku.1.56; Ṛs.1.23.
-yī The female Gayal.
Derivable forms: gavayaḥ (गवयः).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-yaḥ) 1. A species of ox, the Gayal, erroneously classed by Hindu writers amongst the kinds of deer, (Bos gavæus.) 2. A monkey chief: the son of Vaivaswata. f. (-yī) The female Gayal. E. gu to sound, and aya affix, form irregular; or go a cow, and ya from yā to obtain. affix ḍa, resembling a cow.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Gavaya (गवय).— (akin to go), m. 1. A species of ox, Bos gavæus, [Pañcatantra] 53, 10. 2. The name of a monkey, [Rāmāyaṇa] 4, 25, 33.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Gavaya (गवय).—[masculine] a species of ox, the Gayal, [feminine] ī.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Gavaya (गवय):—[from gav] 1. gavaya [Nominal verb] [Parasmaipada] ([from] go) yati ([Aorist] ajūgavat), [Pāṇini 3-1, 21; Siddhānta-kaumudī 40.]
2) [v.s. ...] 2. gavaya m. the Gayal (a species of ox, Bos gavaeus, erroneously classed by Hindu writers as a species of deer; cf. go-mṛga), [Ṛg-veda iv, 21, 8; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Aitareya-brāhmaṇa] etc.
3) [v.s. ...] Name of a monkey-chief attached to Rāma (a son of Vaivasvata), [Mahābhārata iii, 16271; Rāmāyaṇa iv, 25, 33]
4) [v.s. ...] [vi]
5) Gāvaya (गावय):—mfn. coming from the Gayal (gavaya, as beef), [Viṣṇu-smṛti, viṣṇu-sūtra, vaiṣṇava-dharma-śāstra lxxx, 9.]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Gavaya (गवय):—(yaḥ) 1. m. A species of ox (Bos gavæus); a monkey chief. f. (yī).
[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch
Gavaya (गवय):—(von go) m.
1) Bos Gavaeus, wohl nur eine Race des gemeinen Rindes, mit dem es sich fruchtbar paart. Kommt sowohl gezähmt als auch wild vor. Die Wamme ist vorhanden, aber weder so tief noch so gewellt wie beim Zebu. Von Farbe braun in verschiedenen Abstufungen; vgl. [Asiatick Researches VIII, 511.] [Amarakoṣa 2, 5, 11.] [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 2, 5, 9.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1286.] vi.adgau.asya gava.asya.gohe [Ṛgveda 4, 21, 8.] [Vājasaneyisaṃhitā 24, 28.] [Aitareyabrāhmaṇa 2, 8. 3, 34.] [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 1, 2, 3, 9.] [Śāṅkhāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 16, 3, 14. 12, 13.] [Mahābhārata 3, 11028. 13, 4246.] [Duaupadīpramātha 4, 15.] [Rāmāyaṇa 2, 103, 41.] [Pañcatantra 53, 20.] [Kumārasaṃbhava 1, 57.] [Ṛtusaṃhāra 1, 23.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 3, 10, 20. 21, 44. 8, 10, 10.] gavayī f. das Weibchen [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 4, 1, 63, Vārttika von Kātyāyana. 2.] gaṇa gaurādi zu [41.] [Rājanirghaṇṭa] (= bhillagavī) im [Śabdakalpadruma] [Vājasaneyisaṃhitā 24, 30.] Vgl. gomṛga . —
2) Nomen proprium eines Affen im Gefolge von Rāma [Mahābhārata 3, 16271.] [Rāmāyaṇa 4, 25, 33. 6, 2, 48. 3, 47.]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Full-text (+2): Gavaluka, Ashvavarana, Gosadriksha, Gomriga, Gavaja, Vanagava, Vanadhenu, Niga, Gavayi, Upamana, Mahamriga, Pashvoshadhi, Aranya, Srimara, Anupamriga, Kulacara, Balabhadra, Vanara, Mangitungi, Parushya.
Search found 19 books and stories containing Gavaya, Gāvaya; (plurals include: Gavayas, Gāvayas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Satapatha Brahmana (by Julius Eggeling)
Kāṇḍa XIII, adhyāya 3, brāhmaṇa 4 < [Thirteenth Kāṇḍa]
Kāṇḍa VII, adhyāya 5, brāhmaṇa 2 < [Seventh Kāṇḍa]
The Tattvasangraha [with commentary] (by Ganganatha Jha)
Verse 1526-1527 < [Chapter 19b - (B) On analogical cognition]
Verse 1538-1540 < [Chapter 19b - (B) On analogical cognition]
Verse 1575-1576 < [Chapter 19b - (B) On analogical cognition]
A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 1 (by Surendranath Dasgupta)
Part 18 - Upamāna and Sabda < [Chapter VIII - The Nyāya-Vaiśeṣika Philosophy]
Part 10 - Upamana, Arthapatti < [Chapter IX - Mīmāṃsā Philosophy]
Part 16 - Vedānta Theory of Illusion < [Chapter X - The Śaṅkara School Of Vedānta]
The Brahmanda Purana (by G.V. Tagare)
Chapter 8 - God Brahmā’s mental creation < [Section 2 - Anuṣaṅga-pāda]
Chapter 22 - Paraśurāma’s penance (a) < [Section 3 - Upodghāta-pāda]
Chapter 51 - The banishment of Asamañjasa < [Section 3 - Upodghāta-pāda]
Manusmriti with the Commentary of Medhatithi (by Ganganatha Jha)
Verse 3.269 < [Section XXI - Relative Merits of the Offering-Materials]
Verse 5.15 < [Section II - Objectionable Food]
Verse 5.11 < [Section II - Objectionable Food]
The Ramayana of Valmiki (by Hari Prasad Shastri)
Chapter 40 - Rama takes leave of the Bears, Monkeys and Titans < [Book 7 - Uttara-kanda]
Chapter 65 - The Leaders of the Monkeys < [Book 4 - Kishkindha-kanda]
Chapter 49 - Rama returns to consciousness and weeps over Lakshmana < [Book 6 - Yuddha-kanda]