Gavalika, Go-alika, Gavalīka: 2 definitions


Gavalika means something in Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Jaina Yoga

Gavalīka (गवलीक) refers to “untruth relating to a cow” (e.g. saying that a cow gives much milk or little milk). It represents a division of untruth (asatya or alīka) according to Haribhadra’s 6th-centyury Śrāvaka-dharma-pañcāśaka 11 and is related to the satya-vrata (vow of truth). This form of asatya is interpreted as upalakṣaṇa or symbolic examples so that they cover any false statements made in reference to animals (go-alīka).

Haribhadra’s classification of these untruths (e.g., go-alīka) is given without perceptible variation in all Śvetāmbara works, from the Śrāvaka-prajñapti onwards, that treat of the vratas.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Gavālīka (गवालीक) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Gavāliya.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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