Gauna, Gauṇa: 16 definitions


Gauna means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Gown.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Gauṇa (गौण).—(l) a word subordinate in syntax or sense to another; adjectival; उपसर्जनीभूतः (upasarjanībhūtaḥ) (2) possessing a secondary sense, e. g the word गो (go) in the sense of 'a dull man';cf.गौणमुख्ययेर्मुख्ये कार्यसम्प्रत्ययः (gauṇamukhyayermukhye kāryasampratyayaḥ), M. Bh. on I.1.15, I.4. 108, VI. 3. 46. See also Par. Sek Pari. 15; (3) secondary, as opposed to primary; cf. गौणे कर्मणि दुह्यादे (gauṇe karmaṇi duhyāde); प्रधाने नीहृकृष्वहाम् । (pradhāne nīhṛkṛṣvahām |) .

Vyakarana book cover
context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Brhad Bhagavatamrtam

Gauṇa (गौण) refers to:—Subordinate; secondary. (cf. Glossary page from Śrī Bṛhad-bhāgavatāmṛta).

Vaishnavism book cover
context information

Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

gauṇa (गौण).—a (S) Inferior or secondary. 2 Succedaneous or substitutionary.

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gauṇa (गौण).—n (S) Deficiency or want: also inferiority or imperfection or shortcoming. gauṇa mānaṇēṃ To regard as inferior. Ex. tēṃ tīrtha ghāli- tāṃ vadanīṃ || brahmarasa gauṇa mānī ||.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

gauṇa (गौण).—a Inferior, secondary, substitution- ary. n Want or deficiency.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Gauṇa (गौण).—a. (ṇī f.) [गुणमधिकृत्य प्रवृत्ता गौणी, तत आगतः अण् (guṇamadhikṛtya pravṛttā gauṇī, tata āgataḥ aṇ)]

1) Subordinate, secondary, unessential; गुणवचनत्वाद् गौणः शब्दः (guṇavacanatvād gauṇaḥ śabdaḥ) ŚB. on MS.1.2.15.

2) (In gram.) Indirect or less immediate (opp. mukhya or pradhāna); गौणे कर्मणि दुह्यादेः प्रधाने नीहृकृष्वहाम् (gauṇe karmaṇi duhyādeḥ pradhāne nīhṛkṛṣvahām) Sk.

3) Figurative, metaphorical, used in a secondary sense (as a word or sense); तदा गौणमनन्तस्य नामानन्तेति विश्रुतम् (tadā gauṇamanantasya nāmānanteti viśrutam) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 12.182.33.

4) Founded on some resemblance between the primary and secondary sense of a word; as in गौणीलक्षणा (gauṇīlakṣaṇā).

5) Relating to enumeration or multiplication.

6) Attributive.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gauṇa (गौण).—mfn.

(-ṇaḥ-ṇī-ṇaṃ) 1. Having qualities or attributes. 2. Relating to multiplication or enumeration. 3. Secondary, subordinate. 4. Secondery as applied to the month, reckoned from full-moon to full-moon. E. guṇa, and aṇ aff. guṇamadhikṛtya pravṛttā gauṇī tataḥ āgataḥ aṇ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gauṇa (गौण).—i. e. guṇa + a, adj., f. ṇī. 1. Named from a quality, Mahābhārata 13, 4501. 2. Subordinate, Mahābhārata 12, 6798.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gauṇa (गौण).—[feminine] ī secondary, subordinate, also = seq.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Gauṇa (गौण):—mf(ī)n. ([from] guṇa), relating to a quality, [Mahābhārata xii, 13138 f.]

2) having qualities, attributive, [Horace H. Wilson]

3) subordinate, secondary, unessential, [Mahābhārata xii, xiii; Patañjali; Kapila’s Sāṃkhya-pravacana] etc. (with karman, [in [grammar]] the less immediate object of an action, [Vopadeva xxiv, 13])

4) metaphorical, figurative, [Horace H. Wilson]

5) secondary (applied to the month reckoned from full moon to full moon), [Horace H. Wilson]

6) relating to multiplication or enumeration, [Horace H. Wilson]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gauṇa (गौण):—[(ṇaḥ-ṇī-ṇaṃ) a.] Having qualities, or numbers; secondary.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Gauṇa (गौण) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Gauṇa, Goṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Gauna in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Gāuna (गाउन) [Also spelled gown]:—(nm) a gown.

2) Gauṇa (गौण) [Also spelled gaun]:—(a) secondary, subsidiary; auxiliary; minor; hence ~[] (nf).

3) Gaunā (गौना):—(nm) the ceremony of the bride’s going to her husband’s home after a post-marriage interval.

context information


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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Gauṇa (गौण) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Gauṇa.

2) Gāūṇa (गाऊण) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Gavyūta.

2) Gāūṇa has the following synonyms: Gāu, Gāua.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Gauṇa (ಗೌಣ):—

1) [adjective] of less importance; not essential; secondary, subordinate.

2) [adjective] (rhet.) not in its original, usual, literal or exact sense; representing one concept in terms of another that may be thought of as analogous with it; metaphorical; figurative.

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Gauṇa (ಗೌಣ):—

1) [noun] that which is of no or less importance; a secondary thing of subject; that which does not require or deserve serious consideration.

2) [noun] lack of something necessary for completeness; deficiency; shortcoming; a defect.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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