Gauna, Gauṇa: 16 definitions
Gauna means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Alternative spellings of this word include Gown.
Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
Gauṇa (गौण).—(l) a word subordinate in syntax or sense to another; adjectival; उपसर्जनीभूतः (upasarjanībhūtaḥ) (2) possessing a secondary sense, e. g the word गो (go) in the sense of 'a dull man';cf.गौणमुख्ययेर्मुख्ये कार्यसम्प्रत्ययः (gauṇamukhyayermukhye kāryasampratyayaḥ), M. Bh. on I.1.15, I.4. 108, VI. 3. 46. See also Par. Sek Pari. 15; (3) secondary, as opposed to primary; cf. गौणे कर्मणि दुह्यादे (gauṇe karmaṇi duhyāde); प्रधाने नीहृकृष्वहाम् । (pradhāne nīhṛkṛṣvahām |) .
Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.
Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)Source: Pure Bhakti: Brhad Bhagavatamrtam
Gauṇa (गौण) refers to:—Subordinate; secondary. (cf. Glossary page from Śrī Bṛhad-bhāgavatāmṛta).
Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).
Languages of India and abroad
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
gauṇa (गौण).—a (S) Inferior or secondary. 2 Succedaneous or substitutionary.
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gauṇa (गौण).—n (S) Deficiency or want: also inferiority or imperfection or shortcoming. gauṇa mānaṇēṃ To regard as inferior. Ex. tēṃ tīrtha ghāli- tāṃ vadanīṃ || brahmarasa gauṇa mānī ||.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
gauṇa (गौण).—a Inferior, secondary, substitution- ary. n Want or deficiency.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Gauṇa (गौण).—a. (ṇī f.) [गुणमधिकृत्य प्रवृत्ता गौणी, तत आगतः अण् (guṇamadhikṛtya pravṛttā gauṇī, tata āgataḥ aṇ)]
1) Subordinate, secondary, unessential; गुणवचनत्वाद् गौणः शब्दः (guṇavacanatvād gauṇaḥ śabdaḥ) ŚB. on MS.1.2.15.
2) (In gram.) Indirect or less immediate (opp. mukhya or pradhāna); गौणे कर्मणि दुह्यादेः प्रधाने नीहृकृष्वहाम् (gauṇe karmaṇi duhyādeḥ pradhāne nīhṛkṛṣvahām) Sk.
3) Figurative, metaphorical, used in a secondary sense (as a word or sense); तदा गौणमनन्तस्य नामानन्तेति विश्रुतम् (tadā gauṇamanantasya nāmānanteti viśrutam) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 12.182.33.
4) Founded on some resemblance between the primary and secondary sense of a word; as in गौणीलक्षणा (gauṇīlakṣaṇā).
5) Relating to enumeration or multiplication.
6) Attributive.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-ṇaḥ-ṇī-ṇaṃ) 1. Having qualities or attributes. 2. Relating to multiplication or enumeration. 3. Secondary, subordinate. 4. Secondery as applied to the month, reckoned from full-moon to full-moon. E. guṇa, and aṇ aff. guṇamadhikṛtya pravṛttā gauṇī tataḥ āgataḥ aṇ .Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Gauṇa (गौण).—i. e. guṇa + a, adj., f. ṇī. 1. Named from a quality, Mahābhārata 13, 4501. 2. Subordinate, Mahābhārata 12, 6798.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Gauṇa (गौण).—[feminine] ī secondary, subordinate, also = seq.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Gauṇa (गौण):—mf(ī)n. ([from] guṇa), relating to a quality, [Mahābhārata xii, 13138 f.]
2) having qualities, attributive, [Horace H. Wilson]
3) subordinate, secondary, unessential, [Mahābhārata xii, xiii; Patañjali; Kapila’s Sāṃkhya-pravacana] etc. (with karman, [in [grammar]] the less immediate object of an action, [Vopadeva xxiv, 13])
4) metaphorical, figurative, [Horace H. Wilson]
5) secondary (applied to the month reckoned from full moon to full moon), [Horace H. Wilson]
6) relating to multiplication or enumeration, [Horace H. Wilson]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Gauṇa (गौण):—[(ṇaḥ-ṇī-ṇaṃ) a.] Having qualities, or numbers; secondary.Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Hindi dictionarySource: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary
1) Gāuna (गाउन) [Also spelled gown]:—(nm) a gown.
2) Gauṇa (गौण) [Also spelled gaun]:—(a) secondary, subsidiary; auxiliary; minor; hence ~[tā] (nf).
3) Gaunā (गौना):—(nm) the ceremony of the bride’s going to her husband’s home after a post-marriage interval.
Prakrit-English dictionarySource: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary
1) Gauṇa (गौण) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Gauṇa.
2) Gāūṇa (गाऊण) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Gavyūta.
2) Gāūṇa has the following synonyms: Gāu, Gāua.
Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.
Kannada-English dictionarySource: Alar: Kannada-English corpus
1) [adjective] of less importance; not essential; secondary, subordinate.
2) [adjective] (rhet.) not in its original, usual, literal or exact sense; representing one concept in terms of another that may be thought of as analogous with it; metaphorical; figurative.
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1) [noun] that which is of no or less importance; a secondary thing of subject; that which does not require or deserve serious consideration.
2) [noun] lack of something necessary for completeness; deficiency; shortcoming; a defect.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Full-text (+14): Gaunatva, Gaunapaksha, Gaunasaropa, Pretapaksha, Pitripaksha, Gaunya, Mukalava, Dviragamana, Gaunasadhyavasana, Dwiragaman, Gown, Gavyuta, Gau, Gona, Sadhyavasana, Gaua, Gaun, Jimutashtami, Gaunasadhya, Gaunavasana.
Search found 15 books and stories containing Gauna, Gauṇa, Gāuna, Gaunā, Gāūṇa; (plurals include: Gaunas, Gauṇas, Gāunas, Gaunās, Gāūṇas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu (by Śrīla Rūpa Gosvāmī)
Verse 4.8.45 < [Part 8 - Compatible & Incompatible Mellows (maitrī-vaira-sthiti)]
Verse 2.5.2 < [Part 5 - Permanent Ecstatic Mood (sthāyī-bhāva)]
Verse 4.5.33 < [Part 5 - Anger (raudra-rasa)]
Brihad Bhagavatamrita (commentary) (by Śrī Śrīmad Bhaktivedānta Nārāyana Gosvāmī Mahārāja)
Verse 2.2.202 < [Chapter 2 - Jñāna (knowledge)]
Verse 1.1.1 < [Chapter 1 - Bhauma (the earthly plane)]
Garga Samhita (English) (by Danavir Goswami)
Chaitanya Bhagavata (by Bhumipati Dāsa)
Verse 2.10.45 < [Chapter 10 - Conclusion of the Lord’s Mahā-prakāśa Pastimes]
Verse 2.13.251 < [Chapter 13 - The Deliverance of Jagāi and Mādhāi]
The Devi Bhagavata Purana (by Swami Vijñanananda)