Gauna, Gauṇa: 8 definitions

Introduction

Gauna means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Gauṇa (गौण).—(l) a word subordinate in syntax or sense to another; adjectival; उपसर्जनीभूतः (upasarjanībhūtaḥ) (2) possessing a secondary sense, e. g the word गो (go) in the sense of 'a dull man';cf.गौणमुख्ययेर्मुख्ये कार्यसम्प्रत्ययः (gauṇamukhyayermukhye kāryasampratyayaḥ), M. Bh. on I.1.15, I.4. 108, VI. 3. 46. See also Par. Sek Pari. 15; (3) secondary, as opposed to primary; cf. गौणे कर्मणि दुह्यादे (gauṇe karmaṇi duhyāde); प्रधाने नीहृकृष्वहाम् । (pradhāne nīhṛkṛṣvahām |) .

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

gauṇa (गौण).—a (S) Inferior or secondary. 2 Succedaneous or substitutionary.

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gauṇa (गौण).—n (S) Deficiency or want: also inferiority or imperfection or shortcoming. gauṇa mānaṇēṃ To regard as inferior. Ex. tēṃ tīrtha ghāli- tāṃ vadanīṃ || brahmarasa gauṇa mānī ||.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

gauṇa (गौण).—a Inferior, secondary, substitution- ary. n Want or deficiency.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Gauṇa (गौण).—a. (ṇī f.) [गुणमधिकृत्य प्रवृत्ता गौणी, तत आगतः अण् (guṇamadhikṛtya pravṛttā gauṇī, tata āgataḥ aṇ)]

1) Subordinate, secondary, unessential; गुणवचनत्वाद् गौणः शब्दः (guṇavacanatvād gauṇaḥ śabdaḥ) ŚB. on MS.1.2.15.

2) (In gram.) Indirect or less immediate (opp. mukhya or pradhāna); गौणे कर्मणि दुह्यादेः प्रधाने नीहृकृष्वहाम् (gauṇe karmaṇi duhyādeḥ pradhāne nīhṛkṛṣvahām) Sk.

3) Figurative, metaphorical, used in a secondary sense (as a word or sense); तदा गौणमनन्तस्य नामानन्तेति विश्रुतम् (tadā gauṇamanantasya nāmānanteti viśrutam) Mb.12.182.33.

4) Founded on some resemblance between the primary and secondary sense of a word; as in गौणीलक्षणा (gauṇīlakṣaṇā).

5) Relating to enumeration or multiplication.

6) Attributive.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gauṇa (गौण).—mfn.

(-ṇaḥ-ṇī-ṇaṃ) 1. Having qualities or attributes. 2. Relating to multiplication or enumeration. 3. Secondary, subordinate. 4. Secondery as applied to the month, reckoned from full-moon to full-moon. E. guṇa, and aṇ aff. guṇamadhikṛtya pravṛttā gauṇī tataḥ āgataḥ aṇ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gauṇa (गौण).—i. e. guṇa + a, adj., f. ṇī. 1. Named from a quality, Mahābhārata 13, 4501. 2. Subordinate, Mahābhārata 12, 6798.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gauṇa (गौण).—[feminine] ī secondary, subordinate, also = seq.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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