Gaulmika: 7 definitions


Gaulmika means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Arthashastra (politics and welfare)

Source: Wisdom Library: Arthaśāstra

Gaulmika (गौल्मिक) refers to the “superintendents of police stations” and represents an official title used in the political management of townships in ancient India. Officers, ministers, and sovereigns bearing such titles [eg., Gaulmika] were often present in ancient inscriptions when, for example, the king wanted to address his subjects or make an important announcement.

Arthashastra book cover
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Arthashastra (अर्थशास्त्र, arthaśāstra) literature concerns itself with the teachings (shastra) of economic prosperity (artha) statecraft, politics and military tactics. The term arthashastra refers to both the name of these scientific teachings, as well as the name of a Sanskrit work included in such literature. This book was written (3rd century BCE) by by Kautilya, who flourished in the 4th century BCE.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: What is India: Inscriptions of the Śilāhāras

Gaulmika refers to “station house police officer” and was a title used in the administration during the rule of the Śilāhāra dynasty (r. 765-1215 A.D.).—An early record of the Northern Śilāhāras mentions some other officers such as the śaulkika (Customs Officer), the gaulmika (Station House Police Officer), the chauroddharaṇika (the Eradicator of thieves), but these terms do not occur in later records, through these offices must have continued in those times also. The headman of a village Paṭṭa-kila (modern Pāṭīl) is mentioned in some records.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Gaulmika.—(IE 8-3; EI 30; CII 3, 4; HD), same as Gulma- pati (q. v.); ‘chief of a troop’; officer in charge of a gulma or outpost or group of guards, soldiers or policemen; ‘superin- tendent of woods and forests’ according to Fleet (CII, Vol. III, p. 50). See Ghoshal, H. Rev. Syst., p. 246. Note: gaulmika is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Gaulmika (गौल्मिक).—

1) A single soldier of a troop.

2) A superintendent of woods and forests; G. L.5.

Derivable forms: gaulmikaḥ (गौल्मिकः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Gaulmika (गौल्मिक).—m. (in Sanskrit member or commander of a troop of soldiers; AMg. gummi(y)a, defined as a guard of a fort; a watchman), according to Tibetan la gcan pa = a collector of duties on a mountain pass ([Tibetan-English Dictionary]): Mahāvyutpatti 3803. Follows śaulkika; Japanese customs officer; perhaps originally guard at an outpost, later one who collected duties there.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gaulmika (गौल्मिक).—i. e. gulma + ika, adj. Belonging to a gulma (q. cf.), or a certain division of an army, Mahābhārata 10, 359.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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