Gatra, Gātra: 20 definitions
Gatra means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia
Gātra (गात्र).—A maharṣi, the son of Vasiṣṭha, who had by Ūrjjā seven Ṛṣis called Rajas, Gātra, Ūṛdhvabāhu. Savana, Alaghu, Śukra and Sutapas. (Agni Purāṇa, Chapter 20).Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation
Gātra (गात्र) refers to “limbs”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.27 (“Description of the fraudulent words of the Brahmacārin”).—Accordingly, as Śiva (in guise of a Brahmacārin) said to Pārvatī: “[...] I know Śiva through and through with all His weighty attributes. I shall tell you the truth. Listen with attention. [...] He holds the skull. Serpents twine round His limbs [i.e., sarva-gātra]. Poison has left a mark on his neck. He eats even forbidden stuffs. He has odd eyes and is definitely awful. His birth and pedigree cannot be traced. He is devoid of the enjoyment of a householder. He has ten arms. He is mostly naked and is ever accompanied by ghosts and goblins. [...]”.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Ayurveda (science of life)Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms
Gātra (गात्र):—[gātraḥ] Body
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Vastushastra (architecture)Source: OpenEdition books: Architectural terms contained in Ajitāgama and Rauravāgama
Gātra (गात्र) refers to “pillar, level of - § 3.16.”.—(For paragraphs cf. Les enseignements architecturaux de l'Ajitāgama et du Rauravāgama by Bruno Dagens)
Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.
Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram
Gātra (गात्र) refers to the “body”, according to the Jayadrathayāmala: one of the earliest and most extensive Tantric sources of the Kālīkrama system.—Accordingly, as Bhairava teaches the Goddess about his inner state: “[...] (She is) Kālī who generates (kalanī) time, who causes (all the states of consciousness) from the Fourth onwards to unfold. As she drags (all time) properly (into her own Voidness), she is said to be the One Who Drags—Saṃkarṣaṇī. As she drags (out) the supreme place (sthāna) in the Void from (her own) body [i.e., gātra] and if one stimulates (consciousness) (pīḍayet) (she) awakens, so she is said to be the One Who Drags—Saṃkarṣaṇī. As she abides as the Void and transports the breath of inhalation and exhalation and resides in the End of the Twelve, she is said to be the supreme Kālī. As she measures out time, Kālī is the (true) deity”.—(cf. Kandacakra, Kālabhakṣaṇī)
Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)Source: De Gruyter: A Buddhist Ritual Manual on Agriculture
Gātra (गात्र) refers to the “body”, according to the Vajratuṇḍasamayakalparāja, an ancient Buddhist ritual manual on agriculture from the 5th-century (or earlier), containing various instructions for the Sangha to provide agriculture-related services to laypeople including rain-making, weather control and crop protection.—Accordingly, [after the Bhagavān taught the great heart-dhāraṇī], “[...] If it is otherwise and you neglect the Tathāgata’s authorization and his dignity of speech, then all Nāga residences are ignited and burnt. [...] Let them be deprived of power, and their valour be destroyed. Let them be without water. Let there be the drying up of the residence. Let them have hard bodies (karkaśa-gātra). Let them always have the danger of fire-sand and be hungry and thirsty. [...]”.
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
India history and geographySource: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
Gātra.—(IA 14), same as aṅga-bhoga. (EI 33), same as gotra or gotra-śailikā, i.e. a memorial pillar for the dead members of one's family. See yaṣṭi. Note: gātra is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
gātra (गात्र).—n (S) A limb or member.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
gātra (गात्र).—n A limb or member.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Gātra (गात्र).—[gai tran gāturidam vā, aṇ; cf. Uṇādi-sūtra 4.168]
1) The body; अपचितमपि गात्रं व्यायतत्वादलक्ष्यम् (apacitamapi gātraṃ vyāyatatvādalakṣyam) Ś.2.4; तपति तनु- गात्रि मदनः (tapati tanu- gātri madanaḥ) 3.16.
2) A limb or member of the body; गुरुपरितापानि न ते गात्रण्युपचारमर्हन्ति (guruparitāpāni na te gātraṇyupacāramarhanti) Ś.3.17; Manusmṛti 2.29; 5.19.
3) The fore-quarter of an elephant.
-trā The earth.
Derivable forms: gātram (गात्रम्).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-traṃ) 1. The body. 2. The fore quarter of an elephant. 3. A limb, a member. E. gam to go, ṣṭran Unadi affix, the radical final is rejected, and the vowel made long.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Gātra (गात्र).—[gā + tra], n. 1. A limb, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 209. 2. The body, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 4, 122.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Gātra (गात्र).—[neuter] (adj. —° [feminine] ā & ī) a limb of the body (lit. means of going); the body.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Gātra (गात्र):—[from gā] a n. ‘instrument of moving’, a limb or member of the body, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda] etc. (ifc. ā [Mahābhārata ix; Pañcatantra ii, 4, 3/4] or ī [Mṛcchakaṭikā i, 21; Śakuntalā; Kumāra-sambhava] etc. cf. [Pāṇini 4-1, 54; Kāśikā-vṛtti])
2) [v.s. ...] the body, [Manu-smṛti iv, 122; 169; Nalopākhyāna] etc.
3) [v.s. ...] the forequarter of an elephant (cf. gātrāvara), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
4) Gātrā (गात्रा):—[from gātra > gā] f. idem, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
5) [v.s. ...] the earth, [Naighaṇṭuka, commented on by Yāska i, 1]
6) Gātra (गात्र):—[from gā] m. Name of a son of Vasiṣṭha, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa i, 10, 13; Vāyu-purāṇa]
7) [v.s. ...] mfn. = -yuta, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
8) [from gātu] b See √1. gā.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Gātra (गात्र):—(traṃ) 1. n. The body; a limb or part of the body.Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Hindi dictionarySource: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary
Gātra (गात्र):—(nm) body, person.
Kannada-English dictionarySource: Alar: Kannada-English corpus
Gātra (ಗಾತ್ರ):—[adjective] fat; thick; stout.
--- OR ---
1) [noun] the whole physical structure and substance of a human being or animal; the body.
2) [noun] a limb of the body, as an arm, leg, etc.
3) [noun] the flexible continuous covering of a human or other animal body; the skin.
4) [noun] the amount of space occupied in three dimensions; cubic contents or cubic magnitude; volume.
5) [noun] the front portion of an elephant’s body, esp. either of its forelegs.
6) [noun] a bundle of one thousand betel leaves (used as a unit for counting betel leaves).
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with (+22): Gatrabhanga, Gatrabhanjana, Gatraceshta, Gatragupta, Gatraka, Gatrakampa, Gatrakarshana, Gatralata, Gatramarjani, Gatranulepani, Gatrapancaka, Gatraruha, Gatrasada, Gatrasamkocani, Gatrasamkochin, Gatrasamkoci, Gatrasamkocin, Gatrasamplava, Gatrasankochin, Gatrasankocin.
Ends with (+70): Adinagatra, Aklinnagatra, Anishpamdagatra, Anotaptagatra, Anunayagatra, Anunnatagatra, Anupurvagatra, Anurupagatra, Aparagatra, Archirmandalagatra, Arcirmandalagatra, Atasikusumagatra, Audgatra, Aupagatra, Avaragatra, Bhasmagatra, Bhogatra, Carugatra, Chirasamvritagatra, Cirasamvritagatra.
Full-text (+128): Gatranulepani, Gatramarjani, Gatrasamplava, Gatrabhanga, Gatravarana, Gatraruha, Gatralata, Gatrakarshana, Gatrotsadana, Gatrasamkocin, Gatta, Gaa, Gatravinda, Gatragupta, Gatraveshtana, Dridhagatrika, Pratigatram, Saragatra, Rajogatra, Varagatra.
Search found 25 books and stories containing Gatra, Gātra, Gātrā; (plurals include: Gatras, Gātras, Gātrās). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Rig Veda (translation and commentary) (by H. H. Wilson)
Garga Samhita (English) (by Danavir Goswami)
Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu (by Śrīla Rūpa Gosvāmī)
Verse 2.3.43 < [Part 3 - Involuntary Ecstatic Expressions (sattvika-bhāva)]
Verse 2.4.62 < [Part 4 - Transient Ecstatic Disturbances (vyābhicāri-bhāva)]
Verse 1.2.267 < [Part 2 - Devotional Service in Practice (sādhana-bhakti)]
The Skanda Purana (by G. V. Tagare)
Chapter 21 - Gotras, Pravaras etc. of the Residents of Dharmāraṇya < [Section 2 - Dharmāraṇya-khaṇḍa]
Vishnudharmottara Purana (Art and Architecture) (by Bhagyashree Sarma)
Brihad Bhagavatamrita (commentary) (by Śrī Śrīmad Bhaktivedānta Nārāyana Gosvāmī Mahārāja)