Garudasana, aka: Garuḍāsana, Garuda-asana; 4 Definition(s)

Introduction

Garudasana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Yoga (school of philosophy)

[Garudasana in Yoga glossaries]

Garuḍāsana (गरुडासन, “Garuḍa posture”) is a Sanskrit word referring to a type of posture (āsana) used in Yoga. It is composed of the words Garuḍa (bird, mount of Viṣṇu) and āsana (posture).

(Source): Wisdom Library: Yoga

Garuḍāsana (गरुडासन) is a type of posture (āsana), according to verse 39 of the Śrītattvanidhi.—Accordingly, “Place the ankle of the other foot at the base of the thigh and the same knee on the heel. Bring the hands together. This is garuḍāsana, the eagle”.

The 19th-century Śrītattvanidhi is a sanskrit treatise describing 80 primary āsanas, or ‘posture’ (eg., garuḍa-āsana) and several additional ones.

This name and a comparable form is found in Iyengar and in First Steps to Higher Yoga. The name is found in the Mallapurāṇa list. Gheraṇḍasaṃhitā II.37 uses this name but has an entirely different āsana shown.

(Source): archive.org: Yoga Tradition of the Mysore Palace

Garuḍāsana (गरुडासन) is one of the thirty-two āsanas (postures) taught in the second chapter of the Gheraṇḍasaṃhitā: “Firmly fixing the legs and the thighs on the ground, keeping the body steady with the (help of the) two knees, place hands on the knees. This is called Garuḍāsana”.

Garuḍāsana is one of the selected 32 postures amongs 8,400,000 total mentioned by Śiva, according to Gheraṇḍasaṃhitā 2.1-2, “In all, there are as many Āsanas as species of animals. Eighty-four lacs of them are mentioned by Śiva. Out of them, 84 are regarded as important and among these 84, again 32 are good (enough) in this world of mortal beings”.

The 17th-century Gheraṇḍasaṃhitā (mentioning garuḍa-āsana) is one of the three classic texts of Haṭha-yoga: a major branch of Yoga, sharing similarities with the Yoga system taught by Patañjali, though claiming its own mythical founder known as Matsyendranātha. This gheraṇḍa-saṃhitā is an encyclopedic Sanskrit treatise describing thirty two such āsanas.

(Source): archive.org: Gheranda Samhita
Yoga book cover
context information

Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

[Garudasana in Shilpashastra glossaries]

Garuḍāsana (गरुडासन) refers to one of the asanas (sitting poses) assumed by the deities in sculptures of Hindu gods and goddesses.—The right leg is folded inward with its knee supported on the ground; the left leg is bent and stretched away from the body with the foot resting on the ground. This posture is called garuḍāsana. Garuḍ a, the vehicle of Śiva is found in this posture.

(Source): Shodhganga: The significance of the Mula beras in the Hindu temples of Tamilnadu
Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Relevant definitions

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