Garjita: 16 definitions


Garjita means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Garjita (गर्जित) refers to the “forceful rumblings” (viz., of the clouds), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.22. Accordingly as Sitā said to Śiva:—“[...] the most unbearable season of the advent of clouds (ghanāgama or jaladāgama) has arrived with clusters of clouds of diverse hues, and their music reverberating in the sky and the various quarters. [...] Whose mind will not be agitated by the loud (ucca) and forceful rumblings (garjita) of the clouds that release a heavy downpour and have the beams of lightning for their ensign?”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Toxicology (Study and Treatment of poison)

Source: Shodhganga: Kasyapa Samhita—Text on Visha Chikitsa

Garjita (गर्जित) refers to the “loud chanting” (of a mantra), as described in the Kāśyapa Saṃhitā: an ancient Sanskrit text from the Pāñcarātra tradition dealing with both Tantra and Viṣacikitsā—an important topic from Āyurveda which deals with the study of Toxicology (Viṣavidyā or Sarpavidyā).—The decoded mantras are for those aspirants who may use it under the guidance of an able / qualified preceptor after due procedures of initiation or dīkṣā. Regarding the Padma-viṣaharaṇa-mantra (VII. 14-6ab) it says: “This mantra, chanted loudly (garjita) like a Boar kills the poison of snakes of the clan of Padma”.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdomlib Libary: Vajrayogini

Garjita (गर्जित) is the name of a cloud (megha) associated with Caṇḍogra: the eastern cremation ground (śmaśāna) according to the Vajravārāhī-sādhana by Umāpatideva as found in te 12th century Guhyasamayasādhanamālā. As a part of this sādhana, the practicioner is to visualize a suitable dwelling place for the goddess inside the circle of protection which takes the form of eight cremation grounds.

These clouds (e.g., Garjita) are known as cloud-kings (megharāja) and have names that are associated with the loud noises of thunderclouds and the noise of rain, according to the Guhyasamayasādhanamālā 11.77. Their presence in the cremation grounds may be connected with the nāgas, for they are known to be responsible for the rain.

Source: The Structure and Meanings of the Heruka Maṇḍala

Garjita (गर्जित) refers to one of the eight cloud king (meghendra) of the Guṇacakra, according to the 10th century Ḍākārṇava chapter 15. Accordingly, the guṇacakra refers to one of the four divisions of the sahaja-puṭa (‘innate layer’), situated within the padma (lotus) in the middle of the Herukamaṇḍala. Garjita is associated with the charnel grounds (śmaśāna) named Caṇḍogra; with the tree (vṛkṣa) named Śirīṣa; with the direction-guardians (dikpāla) named Indra and with the serpent king (nāgendra) named Vāsuki.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: De Gruyter: A Buddhist Ritual Manual on Agriculture

Garjita (गर्जित) refers to the “rumbling (of clouds)”, according to the Vajratuṇḍasamayakalparāja, an ancient Buddhist ritual manual on agriculture from the 5th-century (or earlier), containing various instructions for the Sangha to provide agriculture-related services to laypeople including rain-making, weather control and crop protection.—Accordingly, [as the Bhagavān teaches the offering manual of the root-heart] “[...] Having enchanted a trident twenty-one times, it should be driven into the ground in the middle [of the maṇḍalaka] at the time of the rumbling of clouds (megha-garjita). Until the trident is driven out the binding of the rumbling clouds will remain. By driving it out there is release. [...]”

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Garjita (गर्जित) refers to the “roaring (of a lion)”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “When Yama is an opponent of embodied souls, all elephants, horses, men, and soldiers and the powers of mantras and medicines become useless. While any person does not hear the merciless roaring of Yama’s lion (garjitakṛtāntaharigarjitam), in that time he leaps about having pleasure in only [his own] power”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Garjita (गर्जित).—a. [garj-kta]

1) Sounded, roared.

2) Boasted, swaggered, vaunted; Ratnāvalī 4.

-tam The thunder of clouds; Y.1.145.

-taḥ A roaring elephant in rut.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Garjita (गर्जित).—mfn.

(-taḥ-tā-taṃ) Sounded, roared, bellowed. m.

(-taḥ) Roaring of an elephant in rut. n.

(-taṃ) The muttering of clouds or roaring of distant thunder. E. garj to roar. &c. affix kta.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Garjita (गर्जित).—[neuter] the same + bragging, boasting.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Garjita (गर्जित):—[from garj] mfn. sounded, roared, bellowed

2) [v.s. ...] boasted, swaggered, vaunted, [Ratnāvalī iv, 9/10]

3) [v.s. ...] m. ([gana] tārakādi) a (roaring) elephant in rut, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] n. = garji, [Yājñavalkya i, 145; Rāmāyaṇa; Kumāra-sambhava; Meghadūta] etc.

5) [v.s. ...] crying, roaring (as of elephants or Daityas), [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Garjita (गर्जित):—[(taḥ-tā-taṃ) p.] Sounded, bellowed. 1. m. An elephant in rut. n. Distant thunder.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Garjita (गर्जित) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Gajjiā, Bukkia.

[Sanskrit to German]

Garjita in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Garjita in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Garjita (गर्जित):—(a) roared, roaring.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Garjita (ಗರ್ಜಿತ):—[adjective] roared; shouted loudly.

--- OR ---

Garjita (ಗರ್ಜಿತ):—

1) [noun] = ಗರ್ಜನೆ - [garjane -] 2.

2) [noun] a showy, often vain, display, to impress others.

3) [noun] an elephant that is enraged or sexually excited.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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