Gariyas, Garīyas: 8 definitions


Gariyas means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Garīyas (गरीयस्).—Involving a special effort.The word is frequently used by the Vārttikakāra and old grammarians in connection with something, which involves greater effort and longer expression and, hence, not commendable in rules of the Shastra works where brevity is the soul of 'wit'; cf. पदगौरवाद्योगविभागो गरीयान् (padagauravādyogavibhāgo garīyān) Par. Śek. Pari. 121. The word गुरु (guru) is also sometimes used in a similar sense; cf. तद् गुरु भवति (tad guru bhavati) M. Bh. I.1 Āhn. l Vārt. 2.

Vyakarana book cover
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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Garīyas (गरीयस्) refers to “very heavy”, as mentioned in verse 5.21-23, 29 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “[...] among the (different kinds of milk [viz., payas]), [...] wholesome for those stricken with excessive digestion and insomnia, very heavy [viz., garīyas], (and) cooling (is) buffalo’s [viz., māhiṣa] milk”.

Note (verse 21-23): Garīyas, lit. (“heavier”) has been turned rab lci (“very heavy”), in keeping with Indu’s explanation as atiguru. Aruṇadatta and Candranandana take it in the original sense of gurutara, with gavyāt or anyebhyaḥ kṣīrebhyaḥ to be added for the object of comparison.

Note (verse 29): Garīyas, which Candranandana and Indu interpret to be an elative (atiguru) while Aruṇadatta takes it again (see v. 23) for a comparative proper (gurutara), has been paraphrased by ’ju dka lci (“hard to digest and heavy”).

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

1) Garīyas (गरीयस्) refers to “weighty” (e.g, Śiva’s illusion), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.2.—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Nārada:—“[...] O excellent sage, once the three sisters (i.e., Menā, Dhanyā, Kalāvatī) went to Śvetadvīpa (white island) in the world of Viṣṇu for sightseeing purpose. [...] Helpless by misfortune and deluded by lord Śiva’s illusion O sage, the three sisters did not stand up. Śiva’s illusion is weighty (i.e., garīyas) and capable of deluding the worlds. The entire universe is subservient to it. It is also called Śiva’s Will. The same is also called an action that has begun to fructify. Its names are many. Everything takes place on Śiva’s wish. There is nothing to be pondered over in this respect”.

2) Garīyas (गरीयस्) refers to a “weighty (policy)”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.4.14 (“The Gaṇas argue and wrangle”).—Accordingly, as Śiva said to his attendants: “[...] The policy of meeting an action with another (Tit for tat) is a weighty one (garīyas). That single-handed Gaṇa is a mere boy. What valour can be expected of him? [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: MDPI Books: The Ocean of Heroes

Garīyas (गरीयस्) refers to the “very valuable”, according to the 10th-century Ḍākārṇava-tantra: one of the last Tibetan Tantric scriptures belonging to the Buddhist Saṃvara tradition consisting of 51 chapters.—Accordingly: “[...] Having recourse to the twofold yoga of the bindu (“drop”) and the subtle, the very valuable (garīyas), he should meditate on the twelve circles’ bindus in [those] shaped like a vajra. One thousand bindus are in the prongs, [which run] upward from the navel area. [...]”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Garīyas (गरीयस्).—a. Heavier, weightier, more important (compar. of guru a. q. v.); मतिरेव बलाद्गरीयसी (matireva balādgarīyasī) H.2.84; वृद्धस्य तरुणी भार्या प्राणेभ्योऽपि गरीयसी (vṛddhasya taruṇī bhāryā prāṇebhyo'pi garīyasī) H.1.112; Śiśupālavadha 2.24, 36; श्रुतिश्च लक्षणाया गरीयसीत्युच्यते (śrutiśca lakṣaṇāyā garīyasītyucyate) ŚB. on MS.4.1.48.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Garīyas (गरीयस्).—mfn.

(-yān-yasī-yaḥ) 1. Heaviest, very heavy. 2. Highly venerable 3. Worst. E. See the last, affix īyasun.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Garīyas (गरीयस्):—[from gariman] mfn. ([Taittirīya-brāhmaṇa i]; [Comparative degree] [from] guru, [Pāṇini 6-4, 157]) heavier, [Horace H. Wilson]

2) [v.s. ...] extremely heavy, [Rāmāyaṇa vi]

3) [v.s. ...] greater than ([ablative]), [Mahābhārata xiv, 255]

4) [v.s. ...] more precious or valuable, dearer than ([ablative]), [Gautama-dharma-śāstra; Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

5) [v.s. ...] extremely important, [i, 8426]

6) [v.s. ...] very honourable, [Pañcatantra]

7) [v.s. ...] highly venerable, more venerable than ([ablative]), [Manu-smṛti; Yājñavalkya; Mahābhārata] etc.

8) [v.s. ...] dearer than ([ablative]), dearer, [Mahābhārata] etc.

9) [v.s. ...] worse, [i, 1886; Cāṇakya]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Garīyas (गरीयस्):—[(yān-yasī-yaḥ) a. Idem.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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