Garishtha, Gariṣṭha: 15 definitions


Garishtha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Gariṣṭha can be transliterated into English as Garistha or Garishtha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Grishth.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Garishtha in Purana glossary
Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Gariṣṭha (गरिष्ठ).—A sage worshipping Indra in his assembly. (Sabhā Parva, Chapter 7, Verse 13).

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Gariṣṭha (गरिष्ठ) refers to a “weighty person” (endowed with great qualities), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.29 (“Śivā-Śiva dialogue”).—Accordingly, as Śiva said to Pārvatī: “[...] O daughter of the mountain, I will not go up to Himavat your father. I will not become a mendicant and beg of him for you. O daughter of the lord of mountains, even a weighty person (gariṣṭha) endowed with great qualities, even a noble soul, is considered base (lāghava) immediately after uttering the words—‘Please give me’. O benevolent lady, after knowing this what is it that you say is our duty? Gentle lady, do as you wish”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Garishtha in Jainism glossary
Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Gariṣṭha (गरिष्ठ) refers to “excessively heavy (feet)”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “This world totters to the limit of the world of Brahmā with the fear of the beginning of a frown, and mountains immediately fall asunder by force of [the fact that] the earth is overcome by the weight of the heavy feet, of those heroes who are all led to death by the king of time [com.—by force of [the fact that] the earth is pervaded by the weight of the excessively heavy feet (padagariṣṭhabharavyāptapṛthvīvaśena)] in [the space of] some days. Nevertheless, desire is intense only in a living being who is bereft of sense”.

Synonyms: Guru, Hitopadeṣṭṛ.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Garishtha in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

gariṣṭha (गरिष्ठ).—a S Very or superlatively heavy. 2 Huge, immense, enormous, vast and weighty. 3 Noble, honorable, dignified. 4 Heavy on the stomach--an article of food.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Garishtha in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Gariṣṭha (गरिष्ठ).—a.

1) Heaviest.

2) Most important; (superl. of guru a. q. v.).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gariṣṭha (गरिष्ठ).—mfn.

(-ṣṭhaḥ-ṣṭhā-ṣṭhaṃ) 1. Heaviest, excessively heavy. 2. Very venerable. E. guru heavy, iṣṭhac superlative affix, deriv. irr.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gariṣṭha (गरिष्ठ).—superl., and garī- yaṃs garīyaṃs, comparat. of guru, q. cf.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gariṣṭha (गरिष्ठ).—v. guru.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Gariṣṭha (गरिष्ठ):—[from gariman] mfn. (superl. [from] guru, [Pāṇini 6-4, 157]) heaviest, excessively heavy, [Horace H. Wilson]

2) [v.s. ...] most venerable, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa vii, xii; Sāhitya-darpaṇa iii, 4 a/b]

3) [v.s. ...] thickened excessively, [Gīta-govinda i, 6]

4) [v.s. ...] worst, [Horace H. Wilson]

5) [v.s. ...] m. Name of a man, [Mahābhārata ii, 294]

6) [v.s. ...] of an Asura, [Harivaṃśa 14289] (cf. gaviṣṭha).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gariṣṭha (गरिष्ठ):—[(ṣṭhaḥ-ṣṭhā-ṣṭhaṃ) a.] Heaviest, very heavy, most venerable.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Gariṣṭha (गरिष्ठ) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Gariṭṭha.

[Sanskrit to German]

Garishtha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Garishtha in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Gariṣṭha (गरिष्ठ) [Also spelled grishth]:—(a) heavy (esp. food), indigestible; hence ~[] (nf).

context information


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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Garishtha in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Gariṣṭha (ಗರಿಷ್ಠ):—

1) [adjective] hard to lift or move because of great weight; weighty; heavy.

2) [adjective] of much significance, importance.

3) [adjective] worthy of respect or reverence; venerable; having dignity.

4) [adjective] greatest possible, permissible or reached; maximum.

--- OR ---

Gariṣṭha (ಗರಿಷ್ಠ):—

1) [noun] that which is heavy.

2) [noun] that which is significant, important.

3) [noun] a venerable, respectable man.

4) [noun] the largest of a specified set of real numbers.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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