Garava, Gārava, Garavu: 7 definitions

Introduction:

Garava means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: archive.org: Bulletin of the French School of the Far East (volume 5)

Garava (गरव) [or Garavala] (in Chinese: Kia-lo-p'o-[lo]) is the name of an ancient kingdom associated with Hasta or Hastanakṣatra, as mentioned in chapter 18 of the Candragarbha: the 55th section of the Mahāsaṃnipāta-sūtra, a large compilation of Sūtras (texts) in Mahāyāna Buddhism partly available in Sanskrit, Tibetan and Chinese.—Chapter 18 deals with geographical astrology and, in conversation with Brahmarāja and others, Buddha explains how he entrusts the Nakṣatras [e.g., Pūrvaphalgunī and Uttaraphalgunī] with a group of kingdoms [e.g., Garava] for the sake of protection and prosperity.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

gārava : (m.) respect; reverence; esteem.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Gārava, (m. and (later) nt.) (cp. Sk. gaurava, fr. garu) reverence, respect, esteem; with Loc. respect for, reverence towards; in the set of six venerable objects: Buddhe (Satthari), Dhamme, Saṅghe, sikkhāya, appamāde, paṭisanthāre Vin.V, 92=D.III, 244. As 7 gāravā (the 6+samānhi) in adj. and sa° at A.IV, 84 (see below). D.III, 284; Sn.265; Vism.464 (atta° & para°). explained KhA 144 by garubhāvo; often in combination with bahumāna PvA.135 (=pūjā), sañjāta-g°-bahumāna (adj.) PvA.50; VvA.205. Instr. gāravena out of respect, respectfully D.II, 155; J.I, 465. applied to the terms of address bhante & bhaddante PvA.33, 121, & āyasmā (see cpd. °adhivacana).—agārava (m. nt.) disrespect Vin.V, 92 (six: as above); J.I, 217; PvA.54.—As adj. in sagārava and agārava full of reverence toward (with Loc.) & disrespectful; D.III, 244 (six g.); A.IV, 84 (seven); M.I, 469; combined with appatissa & sappatissa (obedient) A.III, 7 sq., 14 sq., 247, 340. Also in tibba-gārava full of keen respect (Satthu-garu Dhamma-garu Saṅghe ca tibba-gārava, etc.) A.III, 331=IV.28 sq.

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

gāravā (गारवा).—m Extreme coldness.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Gārava (गारव).—nt. (= Pali id., for Sanskrit gaurava; vṛddhi to MIndic garu, Geiger 34), reverence, respect: Mahāvastu ii.230.7; 373.3; iii.345.18; 372.5; 430.11 (in the last three v.l. gaur°).

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Gārava (गारव) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Gaurava.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Garāvu (ಗರಾವು):—[noun] the ghost of a person who committed suicide by hanging oneself.

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Gārava (ಗಾರವ):—[noun] pride a) an unduly high opinion of oneself; exaggerated self-esteem; conceit; b) haughty behaviour resulting from this; arrogance.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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