Gantha: 6 definitions

Introduction

Gantha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Manual of Buddhist Terms and Doctrines

'ties'. There are 4 ties:

  • the bodily tie (kāyagantha)
  • of covetousness (abhijjhā),
  • of ill-will (vyāpāda),
  • of clinging to rule and ritual (sīlabbata-parāmāsa),
  • of dogmatical fanaticism (idamsaccābhinivesa)"

(D.33). -

"These things are ties, since they tie this mental and material body" (Vis.M. XXII, 54).

Source: Dhamma Study: Cetasikas

The ganthas tie us to the round of rebirths.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

gantha : (m.) bond; fetter; a composition; a text.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Gantha, (in BB often misspelt gandha) (fr. ganthati)—1. a bond, fetter, trammel; always fig. and usually referring to and enumerated as the four bodily ties, or knots (kāya°, see under kāya): S.V, 59=Dhs.1135; D.III, 230; Nd1 98; DhA.III, 276; 4 kāyaganthā, viz., abhijjhā, byāpāda, sīlabbataparāmasa, idaṃsaccâbhinivesa; thus Nd1 98; Vism.683. In other conn. Sn.347, 798, 847, 857, 912; Nd2 on jappā (taṇhā); Dh.211; Ps.I, 129; Dhs.1059, 1472; Vbh.18, 24, 55, 65, 77, 117, 120; Nett 31, 54, 114, 124 (gandha); Sdhp.616.—chinna° (adj.) one who has cut the ties (of bad desires, binding him to the body). combination w. anigha nirāsa S.I, 12 (°gandha), 23; w. asita anāsava Sn.219. Cp. pahīnamānassa na santi ganthā S.I, 14. See also ādāna°; cp. ganthaniya.—2. (only in late Pali, and in Sk.) composition, text, book (not with ref. to books as tied together, but to books as composed, put together. See gantheti 2).

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

gāṇṭha (गांठ).—f (granthi S) A knot: also an entanglement, tangle, curl, snarl. 2 A knot or knob in wood. 3 A knot or joint as of a reed, and fig. of the body. Used also of the musculous or brawny protuberances. 4 The early fœtus, fœtus of the third month. 5 Encountering, coming upon, meeting. 6 Business or concern with; doing or dealing with. v ghāla, asa, hō with śīṃ of o. Ex. baḷavānāsīṃ gāṇṭha āhē vicāra karūna bōla; majaśīṃ (or, vulgarly, maśīṃ or māśīṃ) gāṇṭha, tujaśīṃ gāṇṭha, tyāśīṃ gāṇṭha &c. (You &c.) have to do with (me &c.) 7 A blind tumor or bump. 8 Correspondence or concurrence (as of an event with the prediction): also synchronism or contemporaneousness of events. 9 The purse or money-bag. Pr. āpaṇa karīla tēṃ kāma gāṇṭhīṃ asēla tō dāma. 10 pl The corrugations of the forehead in frowning. 11 Connection or consistency (of speech &c.) Ex. tyācēṃ māgacēṃ bōlaṇēṃ āṇi puḍhacēṃ bōlaṇēṃ hyāṃsa gāṇṭha nāhīṃ. 12 Suitableness or conveniency of circumstances. Ex. tumacē rupayē malā gāṇṭha paḍēla tēvhāṃ dēīna. 13 The knot or hardness about the navel; supposed to be formed by the meeting there of the two vital airs prāṇa & apāna. 14 fig. Knot or tie; fastening, fetter, bond, engagement. Ex. taisā nirvikāra jagajēṭhī || na cālati dvaitabhāvācyā gāṇṭhī ||. gāṇṭha ghālaṇēṃ or ṭhēvaṇēṃ with śīṃ of o. To give heed or regard to; to mind. Ex. hā matalabāśīṃ-svārthāśīṃ- hāśilāśīṃ-tātparyāśīṃ-kāmāśīṃ gāṇṭha ghālatō-ṭhēvatō. gāṇṭha ghālaṇēṃ with śīṃ of o. gāṇṭha ghēṇēṃ g. of o. To encounter or meet; to fall in with. gāṇṭhīsa asaṇēṃ g. of s. To be at one's command or in one's possession. Ex. aisēṃ gāṇṭhīsa asatāṃ śastra || tuja bhaya nāhīṃ jē ||. 2 To be laid by or up--money &c. And, actively, gāṇṭhīsa karaṇēṃ To lay by or up. sāta gāṇṭhī dēūna ṭhēvaṇēṃ or sāta gāṇṭhīpalīkaḍē ṭhēvaṇēṃ To hoard with invincible determination not to spend or to use.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

gāṇṭha (गांठ).—f A knot, also an entanglement, curl, snarl. A knot or knob in wood. A knot or joint as of a reed &c. Encountering, coming upon, meeting. Ex. tyācī va mājhī gāṇṭha paḍalī Business or concern with, doing or dealing with. Ex. mājhyāśī gāṇṭha āhē; vḷcāra karūna bōla. You have to do with me &c. A blind tumour or bump. Correspondence or concurrence (as of an event with the prediction): also synchronism or contemporaneousness of events. Connection or consistency (of speech &c.). Ex. tyācēṃ māgacēṃ bōlaṇēṃ āṇi pu़ḍhacēṃ bōlaṇēṃ hyāṃsa gāṇṭha nāhī. gāṇṭha ghālaṇēṃ. or ṭhēvaṇēṃ with śīṃ To give heed or regard to, to mind. Ex. matalabāśīṃ tā tparyāśīṃ gāṇṭha ghālaṇēṃ. gāṇṭhīsa karaṇēṃ. To lay by or up. sāta gāṇṭhī dēūna ṭhēvaṇēṃTo hoard with invincible determination not to spend or to use. gāṇṭha ghēṇēṃ Meet; fall in with. gāṇṭhīsa asaṇēṃ Be in one's possession, at one's command. To be laid by–money.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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