Gandira, Gaṇḍīra, Gamdira: 11 definitions


Gandira means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Kalpa (Formulas, Drug prescriptions and other Medicinal preparations)

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Gaṇḍīra (गण्डीर) refers to the medicinal plant known as “Cayratia carnosa (Wall. ex Wight.) Gagnep.” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning gaṇḍīra] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Unclassified Ayurveda definitions

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Gaṇḍīra (गण्डीर) is a Sanskrit word referring to a type of vegetable. Certain plant parts of Gaṇḍīra are eaten as a vegetable (śāka), according to Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Ayurvedic work. The plant is therefore part of the Śākavarga group of medicinal plants, referring to the “group of vegetables/pot-herbs”. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic value of the plant.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Gandira in the Sanskrit language is the name of a plant identified with Solanum erianthum D. Don from the Solanaceae (Potato) family having the following synonyms: Solanum verbascifolium var. adulterinum. For the possible medicinal usage of gandira, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Gandira in the Hindi language is the name of a plant identified with Amorphophallus paeoniifolius (Dennst.) Nicolson from the Araceae (Arum) family having the following synonyms: Amorphophallus campanulatus.

Gandira [ಗಂಡೀರ] in the Kannada language, ibid. previous identification.

Gandira in the Sanskrit language is the name of a plant identified with Euphorbia nivulia Buch.-Ham. from the Euphorbiaceae (Castor) family having the following synonyms: Euphorbia neriifolia Roxb., Euphorbia helicothele.

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Gandira in India is the name of a plant defined with Amaranthus viridis in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Euxolus deflexus Raf. (among others).

2) Gandira is also identified with Amorphophallus paeoniifolius It has the synonym Plesmonium nobile Schott (etc.).

3) Gandira is also identified with Euphorbia nivulia It has the synonym Euphorbia helicothele Lem. (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Tableau de l’École de Botanique (1804)
· Schlüssel Hortus indicus malabaricus (1818)
· Flora Ilustrada de Entre Ríos (1987)
· Apuntes para la Flora de La Pampa (1984)
· Kromosomo
· Hortus Bengalensis (1814)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Gandira, for example chemical composition, side effects, pregnancy safety, extract dosage, health benefits, diet and recipes, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Gaṇḍīra (गण्डीर).—A hero, champion.

Derivable forms: gaṇḍīraḥ (गण्डीरः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gaṇḍīra (गण्डीर).—m.

(-raḥ) 1. A kind of potherb, described as growing in watery ground, and according to some, a species of cucumber. 2. A hero, a champion. f. (-rī) A milky plant, (Euphorbia.) E. gaḍi to affect a part. &c. iran aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Gaṇḍira (गण्डिर):—[from gaṇḍ] See pāda-g.

2) Gaṇḍīra (गण्डीर):—[from gaṇḍ] m. a kind of pot-herb (described as growing in watery ground, but according to some a species of cucumber), [Suśruta i; iv, 4, 30]

3) [v.s. ...] a hero, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) Gāṇḍīra (गाण्डीर):—mfn. coming from the plant Gaṇḍīra, [Suśruta i, 46, 4, 28.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gaṇḍīra (गण्डीर):—(raḥ) 1. m. A kind of potherb; a hero. () f. Euphorbia.

[Sanskrit to German]

Gandira in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Gaṃḍīra (ಗಂಡೀರ):—

1) [noun] the plant Amorphophallus campanulatum ( = Arum campanulatum) of Araceae family.

2) [noun] its starchy, tuberous root.

3) [noun] the creeper Cissus quadrangularis ( = Vitis quadrangularis) of Vitaceae family.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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