Gandira, Gaṇḍīra: 4 definitions

Introduction

Gandira means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Gaṇḍīra (गण्डीर) is a Sanskrit word referring to a type of vegetable. Certain plant parts of Gaṇḍīra are eaten as a vegetable (śāka), according to Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Ayurvedic work. The plant is therefore part of the Śākavarga group of medicinal plants, referring to the “group of vegetables/pot-herbs”. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic value of the plant.

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Gaṇḍīra (गण्डीर) refers to the medicinal plant known as “Cayratia carnosa (Wall. ex Wight.) Gagnep.” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning gaṇḍīra] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Gaṇḍīra (गण्डीर).—A hero, champion.

Derivable forms: gaṇḍīraḥ (गण्डीरः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gaṇḍīra (गण्डीर).—m.

(-raḥ) 1. A kind of potherb, described as growing in watery ground, and according to some, a species of cucumber. 2. A hero, a champion. f. (-rī) A milky plant, (Euphorbia.) E. gaḍi to affect a part. &c. iran aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Gaṇḍira (गण्डिर):—[from gaṇḍ] See pāda-g.

2) Gaṇḍīra (गण्डीर):—[from gaṇḍ] m. a kind of pot-herb (described as growing in watery ground, but according to some a species of cucumber), [Suśruta i; iv, 4, 30]

3) [v.s. ...] a hero, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) Gāṇḍīra (गाण्डीर):—mfn. coming from the plant Gaṇḍīra, [Suśruta i, 46, 4, 28.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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