Gandhika, Gāndhika, Gamdhika: 15 definitions


Gandhika means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

India history and geography

Source: Google Books: Medieval Orissa: A Socio-economic Study

Gaṇḍhika (गण्ढिक) refers to a “perfumer” and represents one of the occupational groups commonly found in Townships or Urban centers (nagari) in ancient India (Medieval Orissa).—An example (of Township) is provided by the Nagari plates of Anangabhima III, dated A.D. 1230, which describe an assigned township which contained four large houses of the dimension of royal residences and thirty other houses. The occupational groups present in the settlement were [e.g., a perfumer (gaṇḍhika)]. The range of occupations is large, some of them being rural in character. The context in which the township (or Urban centres—nagari) is assigned suggest that nagaris in such cases were perhaps extended villages, formed out of a cluster of several contiguous villages and thus assuming physical and consequently, economic dimensions much larger than those of an ordinary village settlement.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Gāndhika.—(EI 28; LL), a perfumer. Note: gāndhika is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Gandhika in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

gandhika : (adj.) having fragrance.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Gandhika, (and °uja Pv.II, 120; II, 121)—1. having perfume, fragrant, scentful, J.I, 266 (su°); Pv.II, 1Q0 (=surabhigandha); II, 121 (sogandhiya); VvA.58 (read gandhikāgandhikehi).-2. dealing in perfume, a perfumer Miln.262 (cp. gandhin 2). (Page 244)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Gandhika (गन्धिक).—a. (Used only at the end of comp.)

1) Having the smell of; as in उत्पलगन्धिक (utpalagandhika).

2) Having a very small quantity of, having only the smell of; भ्रातृगन्धिकः (bhrātṛgandhikaḥ) a brother only in name; Mahābhārata (Bombay) 3.

-kaḥ 1 A seller of perfumes.

2) Sulphur.

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Gāndhika (गान्धिक).—[gandho gandhadravyaṃ paṇyamasya ṭhak]

1) A vendor of perfumes, a perfumer,

2) A scribe, clerk.

3) A kind of insect; L. D. B.

-kam Fragrant wares, perfumes; पण्यानां गान्धिकं पण्यं किमन्यैः काञ्चनादिकैः (paṇyānāṃ gāndhikaṃ paṇyaṃ kimanyaiḥ kāñcanādikaiḥ) Pañcatantra (Bombay) 1.13.

Derivable forms: gāndhikaḥ (गान्धिकः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Gandhika (गन्धिक).—(1) at end of [bahuvrīhi] cpds. (= Sanskrit gandhin; in Sanskrit only Lex., except pejoratively = having only the smell [semblance] of…), having the odor of…: Mahāvastu i.168.16 mukhaṃ cotpalagandhikaṃ, and his mouth is lotus- scented: Divyāvadāna 120.2 (bhūmipradeśam…) niṣpūtigandhi- kam; in Lalitavistara 293.5—6 (verse) probably pejorative, as in Sanskrit (above), yasya guṇaiḥ satataṃ guṇagandhikā bhonti surāsuraya- kṣamahoragāḥ, by reason of whose virtues the gods… (etc.) are (or perhaps, with v.l. bhānti, appear) possessed of a mere semblance of virtue (in comparison); (2) m. (= Pali id., Sanskrit gāndhika), a perfumer, dealer in perfumes: Mahāvastu i.38.1; 44.5; iii.113.7; 442.13; in Divyāvadāna mss. vary with gāndhika (see note on 348.23): ga° 351.2, 5; 647.3; 649.19.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gandhika (गन्धिक).—m.

(-kaḥ) Sulphur. E. gandha smell, and ṭhak affix; also gandhaka.

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Gāndhika (गान्धिक).—m.

(-kaḥ) 1. A scribe, a clerk. 2. A vender of perfumes, a perfumer. 3. A kind of worm, having a strong fetid smell. E. gandha smell, and ṭhañ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gandhika (गन्धिक).—[-gandhi + ka], latter part of a comp. 1. Smelling, 2. Having only the smell of, e. g. bhrātṛ-, adj. Being a brother only nominally, not really, Mahābhārata 3, 16111.

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Gāndhika (गान्धिक).—i. e. gandha + ika, I. m. A vendor of perfumes, Sāh. D. 35, 11. Ii. n. Perfumes, [Pañcatantra] 7, 17.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gandhika (गन्धिक).—[adjective] smelling of, perfumed with; having the mere smell of a thing, being — only by name.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Gandhika (गन्धिक):—[from gandha] mfn. ifc. ‘having the smell or, smelling of’ See utpala-

2) [v.s. ...] having only the smell, having a very little of anything (e.g. bhrātṛ-, being a brother only by name, [Mahābhārata iii, 16111])

3) [v.s. ...] m. a seller of perfumes, [Buddhist literature; cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] sulphur, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) Gandhikā (गन्धिका):—[from gandhika > gandha] f. [varia lectio] for gabdikā (Name of a country) q.v.

6) Gāndhika (गान्धिक):—m. ([from] gandha), a vender of perfumes, perfumer (kind of mixed caste, [Parāśara-smṛti]), [Kādambarī; Sāhitya-darpaṇa iii, 40/41 and 46/47]

7) a clerk, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) a kind of worm having a strong fetid smell (gāndhipokā, a tree-bug), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) n. fragrant wares, perfumes, [Pañcatantra i, 17]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Gandhika (गन्धिक):—(kaḥ) 1. m. Idem.

2) Gāndhika (गान्धिक):—(kaḥ) 1. m. A scribe; a perfumer; a kind of worm.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Gāndhika (गान्धिक) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Gaṃdhia.

[Sanskrit to German]

Gandhika in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Gaṃdhika (ಗಂಧಿಕ):—[adjective] = ಗಂಧಿ [gamdhi]1.

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Gaṃdhika (ಗಂಧಿಕ):—

1) [noun] = ಗಂಧಾಶ್ಮ [gamdhashma].

2) [noun] a seller of perfumes.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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