Gandharvi, Gāndharvī, Gandharvī: 7 definitions
Gandharvi means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra
Gāndharvī (गान्धर्वी):—One of the sixty-four Divyauṣadhi, which are powerful drugs for solidifying mercury (rasa), according to Rasaprakāśa-sudhākara (chapter 9).
Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia
Gandharvī (गन्धर्वी).—The first mother of horses. Kaśyapaprajāpati had by his wife Krodhavaśā ten daughters: Mṛgī, Mṛgamandā, Harī, Bhadramatā, Mātaṅgī, Śārdūlī, Śvetā, Surabhi, Surasā and Kadrū. Of the ten girls Surabhi in due course of time became mother of two daughters. Rohiṇī and Gandharvī. From Rohiṇī was born the cattlebreed and horses were born from Gandharvī. (Vālmīki Rāmāyaṇa, Araṇya Kāṇḍa, Canto 14).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
1) Gandharvi (गन्धर्वि).—The name om rising from Gāndhāra.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 20. 3.
2a) Gāndharvī (गान्धर्वी).—A daughter of Surabhi and Kaśyapa, and a sister of Rudras; mother of horses like Uccaiśśravas.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 3. 73-7.
2b) A daughter of Gandharvas.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 10.
2c) A R. from the lake Viṣṇupadam.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 18. 68; Vāyu-purāṇa 47. 65.
Gandharvī (गन्धर्वी) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.60.65) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Gandharvī) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)Source: academia.edu: The Structure and Meanings of the Heruka Maṇḍala
Gandharvī (गन्धर्वी) or Gandhārī is the name of a Ḍākinī who, together with the Vīra (hero) named Gandhahara forms one of the 36 pairs situated in the Ākāśacakra, according to the 10th century Ḍākārṇava chapter 15. Accordingly, the ākāśacakra refers to one of the three divisions of the dharma-puṭa (‘dharma layer’), situated in the Herukamaṇḍala. The 36 pairs of Ḍākinīs [viz., Gandharvī] and Vīras are dark blue in color; they each have one face and four arms; they hold a skull bowl, a skull staff, a small drum, and a knife. Alternatively, the Ḍākinīs have their own marks and motions according to the taste instead of a small drum and a skull staff.
Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.
General definition (in Jainism)Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra
Gāndharvī (गान्धर्वी) is the name of an Apsaras, instructed by Śakra to help in the preparations of Ṛṣabha’s wedding-preparations, according to chapter 1.2 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.
“[...] Then having ascertained the Lord’s purpose, Purandara at once summoned gods for the tasks of the wedding-preparations.—‘[...] What are you thinking, Mārīcī? What are you looking at, Sumukhī? Why are you not on this side, Gāndharvī? [...]’. From the bustling of the Apsarases instructing each other in this way, and frequently calling names, a mighty tumult arose”.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
Sanskrit dictionarySource: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Gandharvī (गन्धर्वी):—[from gandharva] f. Gandharvī (daughter of Surabhi and mother of the race of horses, [Mahābhārata i, 2631 f.; Rāmāyaṇa iii, 20, 28 f.; Vāyu-purāṇa]), [Ṛg-veda x, 11, 2; Rāmāyaṇa]
2) [v.s. ...] night, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa iv, 29, 21]
3) Gāndharvī (गान्धर्वी):—[from gāndharva] f. speech (according to the legend that the gods gave speech to the Gandharvas and received from them the Soma in return, [Aitareya-brāhmaṇa i, 27 etc.]), [Naighaṇṭuka, commented on by Yāska i, 11]
4) [v.s. ...] Name of Durgā, [Harivaṃśa 10243] ([varia lectio] gandharvā)
5) [v.s. ...] Name of an Apsaras, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Full-text (+21): Somada, Gandharva, Urmila, Gandharvi shanti, Padmalamkara, Priyamukha, Shubhamala, Suryalocana, Indramaghashri, Vajrashri, Sumalini, Prajapatinivasini, Nirvanapriya, Vilasendragamini, Vasuda, Dharmakankshini, Parishobhitakaya, Prithivimdada, Kumbhinasa, Dundubhi.
Search found 15 books and stories containing Gandharvi, Gāndharvī, Gandharvī; (plurals include: Gandharvis, Gāndharvīs, Gandharvīs). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Ramayana of Valmiki (by Hari Prasad Shastri)
Chapter 5 - The Story of the three Sons of Sukesha < [Book 7 - Uttara-kanda]
Chapter 14 - Jatayu reveals his Lineage to Rama < [Book 3 - Aranya-kanda]
List of Mahabharata people and places (by Laxman Burdak)
The Ramayana (by Manmatha Nath Dutt)
The Skanda Purana (by G. V. Tagare)
Chapter 189 - The Antecedents of Audumbarī < [Section 1 - Tīrtha-māhātmya]
Chapter 20 - Fight between Śiva and Jalandhara < [Section 4 - Kārttikamāsa-māhātmya]
Chapter 37 - Importance of Offering a Bracelet (kaṅkaṇa) < [Section 1 - Prabhāsa-kṣetra-māhātmya]
The Mahabharata (English) (by Kisari Mohan Ganguli)
Section CCLXXIV < [Draupadi-harana Parva]
Section IX < [Pandava-Pravesa Parva]
Section LXVI < [Sambhava Parva]
Vedic influence on the Sun-worship in the Puranas (by Goswami Mitali)
Part 9 - Iconographic Traces of Sūrya in the Purāṇas < [Chapter 4 - Vedic Influence on the Sun-Worship in the Purāṇas]