Gandharvi, Gāndharvī, Gandharvī: 5 definitions

Introduction

Gandharvi means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Gāndharvī (गान्धर्वी):—One of the sixty-four Divyauṣadhi, which are powerful drugs for solidifying mercury (rasa), according to Rasaprakāśa-sudhākara (chapter 9).

Rasashastra book cover
context information

Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (G) next»] — Gandharvi in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Gandharvī (गन्धर्वी).—The first mother of horses. Kaśyapaprajāpati had by his wife Krodhavaśā ten daughters: Mṛgī, Mṛgamandā, Harī, Bhadramatā, Mātaṅgī, Śārdūlī, Śvetā, Surabhi, Surasā and Kadrū. Of the ten girls Surabhi in due course of time became mother of two daughters. Rohiṇī and Gandharvī. From Rohiṇī was born the cattlebreed and horses were born from Gandharvī. (Vālmīki Rāmāyaṇa, Araṇya Kāṇḍa, Canto 14).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1) Gandharvi (गन्धर्वि).—The name om rising from Gāndhāra.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 20. 3.

2a) Gāndharvī (गान्धर्वी).—A daughter of Surabhi and Kaśyapa, and a sister of Rudras; mother of horses like Uccaiśśravas.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 3. 73-7.

2b) A daughter of Gandharvas.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 10.

2c) A R. from the lake Viṣṇupadam.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 18. 68; Vāyu-purāṇa 47. 65.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Gandharvī (गन्धर्वी) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.60.65) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Gandharvī) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: academia.edu: The Structure and Meanings of the Heruka Maṇḍala

Gandharvī (गन्धर्वी) or Gandhārī is the name of a Ḍākinī who, together with the Vīra (hero) named Gandhahara forms one of the 36 pairs situated in the Ākāśacakra, according to the 10th century Ḍākārṇava chapter 15. Accordingly, the ākāśacakra refers to one of the three divisions of the dharma-puṭa (‘dharma layer’), situated in the Herukamaṇḍala. The 36 pairs of Ḍākinīs [viz., Gandharvī] and Vīras are dark blue in color; they each have one face and four arms; they hold a skull bowl, a skull staff, a small drum, and a knife. Alternatively, the Ḍākinīs have their own marks and motions according to the taste instead of a small drum and a skull staff.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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