Ganasma, Gaṇasma: 1 definition



Ganasma means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Source: Journal of the University of Bombay Volume V: Apabhramsa metres (2)

Gaṇasma (गणस्म) or  refers to a set of 7 very freely handled dvipadi metres of 4 lines each, defined by Virahāṅka at Vṛttajātisamuccaya III.40-46.—The lines of these contain the same number of the mātrāgaṇas, but these may either be the caturmātras or the pañcamātras. These 7 are:—Citra with 25 or 26 mātrās (2, 4, ISI or I III, 4 or 5, 4, 5, S); Siddhi with 15 to 18 (4 or 5, 4 or 5, 4 or 5, IS); Bhadrā with 26 or 27 (4 or 5, 4, 5, 4, 4, 5—the 2nd and the 4th caturmātras being ISI); Gāndhārī with 17 to 19 (4 or 5, 4 or 5, ISI or IIII, 5); Mālinī with 30 to 37 (seven 4 or 5, S); Kadrū. with 13 or 14 (4 or 5, 4, 5); and Lalitā with 24 or 25 mātrās (4 or 5, 4, 5, 4, 5, S) in each of their lines.

Chandas book cover
context information

Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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