Gananatha, Gaṇanātha, Gana-natha: 12 definitions



Gananatha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Gananatha in Purana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Skanda-purana

Gaṇanātha (गणनाथ, “lord of gaṇas”) refers to one of the fifty-six vināyakas located at Kāśī (Vārāṇasī), and forms part of a sacred pilgrimage (yātrā), described in the Kāśīkhaṇḍa (Skanda-purāṇa 4.2.57). He is also known as Gaṇanāthavināyaka, Gaṇanāthagaṇeśa and Gaṇanāthavighneśa. These fifty-six vināyakas are positioned at the eight cardinal points in seven concentric circles (8x7). They center around a deity named Ḍhuṇḍhirāja (or Ḍhuṇḍhi-vināyaka) positioned near the Viśvanātha temple, which lies at the heart of Kāśī, near the Gaṅges. This arrangement symbolises the interconnecting relationship of the macrocosmos, the mesocosmos and the microcosmos.

Gaṇanātha is positioned in the North-western corner of the seventh circle of the kāśī-maṇḍala. According to Rana Singh (source), his shrine is located at “Jnanavapi, Aparnath Math, CK 37 / 1”. Worshippers of Gaṇanātha will benefit from his quality, which is defined as “the protector from the curses of demigods”. His coordinates are: Lat. 25.18659, Lon. 83.00572 (or, 25°11'11.7"N, 83°00'20.6"E) (Google maps)

Kāśī (Vārāṇasī) is a holy city in India and represents the personified form of the universe deluded by the Māyā of Viṣṇu. It is described as a fascinating city which is beyond the range of vision of Giriśa (Śiva) having both the power to destroy great delusion, as well as creating it.

Gaṇanātha, and the other vināyakas, are described in the Skandapurāṇa (the largest of the eighteen mahāpurāṇas). This book narrates the details and legends surrounding numerous holy pilgrimages (tīrtha-māhātmya) throughout India. It is composed of over 81,000 metrical verses with the core text dating from the before the 4th-century CE.

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Gaṇanātha (गणनाथ) is an epithet of both Śiva and Gaṇeśa, as mentioned in the Śivapurāṇa-māhātmya chapter 6.—Accordingly, “in order to ward off obstacles to the discourse, Gaṇanātha should be worshipped. The lord of the story Śiva and the book, Śivapurāṇa, too must be worshipped with piety. The story of Śivapurāṇa must be listened to with careful attention. The recipient must be intelligent, pure in mind, delighted at the heart and a follower of conventions”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Gaṇanātha (गणनाथ).—See Gaṇeśa.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 27. 72: Vāyu-purāṇa 109. 22.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Gananatha in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

gaṇanātha (गणनाथ).—m (S) Lord or leader of the troops (of Shiva), i. e. Gan̤esh. Hence fig. Any Captain or leading man, a Corypheus.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

gaṇanātha (गणनाथ) [-pati, -पति].—m The deity gaṇēśa. gaṇapatīcēṃ nāṃva ghēṇēṃ To make a beginning.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Gananatha in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Gaṇanātha (गणनाथ).—

1) an epithet of Śiva.

2) of Gaṇeśa.

3) the leader of the attendants of any god; Bhāg.5.17.13.

4) the head of an assemblage or corporation; Bṛ. S.15.4.

Derivable forms: gaṇanāthaḥ (गणनाथः).

Gaṇanātha is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms gaṇa and nātha (नाथ). See also (synonyms): gaṇanāthaka.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gaṇanātha (गणनाथ).—m.

(-thaḥ) A name of Ganesha. E. gaṇa, and nātha lord.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gaṇanātha (गणनाथ).—[masculine] = gaṇeśa.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Gaṇanātha (गणनाथ):—[=gaṇa-nātha] [from gaṇa > gaṇ] m. ‘lord of various classes of subordinate gods’, Śiva, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) [v.s. ...] Gaṇeśa, [Bhaviṣya-purāṇa, khaṇḍa 1 & 2: bhaviṣya-purāṇa & bhaviṣyottara-purāṇa; Vetāla-pañcaviṃśatikā [Introduction] 1.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gaṇanātha (गणनाथ):—[gaṇa-nātha] (thaḥ) 1. m. Ganesha.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Gaṇanātha (गणनाथ):—(gaṇa + nātha) m.

1) ein Beiname Śiva’s [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 199,] [Scholiast] —

2) der Gott Gaṇeśa [Śabdaratnāvalī im Śabdakalpadruma] [Vetālapañcaviṃśati.1,1.] [Weber’s Verzeichniss 136,a, ult.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Gaṇanātha (गणनाथ):—m.

1) *Beiname Śiva's. —

2) der Gott Gaṇeśa.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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