Ganana, Gaṇanā: 18 definitions


Ganana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Gaṇanā (गणना) refers to “calculation”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “[...] That which can never be grasped is ‘profound’. The self has never been grasped by any Buddha. Why is that? The self is originally pure, and just as the self is pure, so all dharmas are pure. Why do we say ‘pure’? Since any dharma is unoriginated and beyond origination, not ceased, and beyond cessation, it is called ‘pure’. In what is beyond darkness, beyond manifestation, without basis and blindness, in what is the deep and highest truth, there is no sight or cessation of sight, up to and including no mind or cessation of mind, that is the space of objects where there is no calculation (gaṇanā). [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Gaṇanā.—(EI 20), accountancy. (CII 1), ‘taking into account’. Note: gaṇanā is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

gaṇanā : (f.) number; counting; arithmetic.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Gaṇanā, (f.) counting, i.e. 1. counting up, arithmetic, number J.I, 29; Vism.278 sq.; Miln.79; VvA.194. ‹-› 2. counting, census, statistics; Tikap. 94; J.I, 35; Miln.4 (senā °ṃ kāretvā); DhA.I, 11, 34.—3. the art of counting, arithmetics as a study & a profession, forbidden to the bhikkhus Vin.I, 77=IV.129 (°ṃ sikkhati to study ar.); D.I, 11 (expl. DA.I, 95 by acchiddaka-gaṇanā); M.I, 85; III, 1 (°ājīva); DA.I, 157. —gaṇana-patha (time-) reckoning, period of time Miln.20, 116. (Page 241)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

gaṇana (गणन).—n (S) Counting or numbering. 2 Amount or sum.

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gaṇanā (गणना).—f (S) Counting or computing. 2 fig. Reckoning, regarding, esteeming.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

gaṇana (गणन).—n Counting, numbering. Sum.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Gaṇana (गणन).—[gaṇ-bhāve lyuṭ]

1) Counting, calculation.

2) Adding, enumerating.

3) Considering, supposing, regarding.

4) Believing, thinking.

5) Account.

-nā Calculation, consideration, regard, account; का वा गणना सचेतनेषु अपगतचेतनान्यपि संघट्टयितुमलम् (kā vā gaṇanā sacetaneṣu apagatacetanānyapi saṃghaṭṭayitumalam) (madanaḥ) K.157 (what need we say of &c.; cf. kathā.); तन्त्रिणां वा तृणानां वा राजन्का गणना रणे (tantriṇāṃ vā tṛṇānāṃ vā rājankā gaṇanā raṇe) Rāj. T.5.39; Meghadūta 1,89; R.11.66; Śiśupālavadha 16. 59; Amaruśataka 67.

Derivable forms: gaṇanam (गणनम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gaṇana (गणन).—nf.

(-naṃ-nā) 1. Counting, enumerating. 2. Arithmetic. E. gaṇ to count, yuc aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gaṇana (गणन).—[gaṇ + ana], n. and f. . 1. Counting, [Pañcatantra] pr. [distich] 7. 2. Calculation, settlement, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 237. 3. Annumerating, [Raghuvaṃśa, (ed. Stenzler.)] 8, 94. 4. Consideration, [Daśakumāracarita] in Chr. 188, 9. 5. Regard, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 308.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gaṇana (गणन).—[neuter] [feminine] numbering, calculation; taking into account.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Gaṇana (गणन):—[from gaṇ] n. reckoning, counting, calculation, [Pāṇini 5-4, 17; Pañcatantra; Hitopadeśa]

2) Gaṇanā (गणना):—[from gaṇana > gaṇ] a f. idem, [Mahābhārata iii; Meghadūta; Raghuvaṃśa] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] the being enumerated among (in [compound]), [Raghuvaṃśa viii, 94]

4) [v.s. ...] considering, supposing, [Daśakumāra-carita vii, 185; Hitopadeśa]

5) [v.s. ...] regarding, taking notice of ([genitive case]), consideration, [Prabodha-candrodaya i, 20/21; Rājataraṅgiṇī v, 308.]

6) [v.s. ...] b f. of na q.v.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gaṇana (गणन):—[(nā-naṃ)] 1. f. n. Counting.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Gaṇana (गणन) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Gaṇaṇa, Gaṇaṇā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Ganana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Gaṇanā (गणना):—(nf) counting; calculation, reckoning; ~[kāra] an enumerator, a reckoner.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Gaṇaṇa (गणण) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Gaṇana.

2) Gaṇaṇā (गणणा) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Gaṇanā.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Gaṇana (ಗಣನ):—[noun] = ಗಣನೆ - [ganane -] 1.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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