Galitaka: 8 definitions


Galitaka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Source: Journal of the University of Bombay Volume V: Apabhramsa metres (2)

Galitaka (गलितक) refers to a common name for all kinds of the mātrā-vṛttas (Jātis), as discussed in books such as the Chandonuśāsana, Kavidarpaṇa, Vṛttajātisamuccaya and Svayambhūchandas.

Source: Language of the Snakes (chandas)

Galitaka (गलितक) refers to verses in which a certain type of “bitextuality” (getting different meanings out of the same sequence of letters) is a constitutive feature of the composition. Since Galitakas were only ever composed in Prakrit, these verses might help to make the case that the “sweet syllables” of Prakrit were used for specific literary purposes.

All of the known examples of Galitakas “in the wild” come om Rāvaṇa’s Demise, although a few more varieties are defined and exemplified by Virahāṅka and Hemacandra. The other courtly epics in Prakrit that are now lost, Hari’s Victory and Rāvaṇa’s Victory, also contained Galitakas. These verses are characterized by a particular kind of end-rhyme: the exact same syllables are repeated, but they must mean something different. This feature, known as yamaka or “twinning,” is certainly difficult to realize—Daṇḍin discusses it in the “difficult” (duṣkara) chapter of his Mirror on Literature—but Prakrit has the advantage of relative indeterminacy.

Chandas book cover
context information

Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Galitaka (गलितक).—A kind of dance, gesticulation; V.4.56.57.

Derivable forms: galitakaḥ (गलितकः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Galitaka (गलितक).—[galita + ka] (vb. 1. gal), m. A kind of dance, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] 68, 14.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Galitaka (गलितक).—[masculine] kind of dance or gesticulation.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Galitaka (गलितक):—[from gal] m. a kind of dance, gesticulation, [Vikramorvaśī iv, 56/57]

2) [v.s. ...] Name of a metre, [Sāhitya-darpaṇa vi, 326.]

[Sanskrit to German]

Galitaka in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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