Gali, Gāli: 20 definitions


Gali means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Gāli (गालि) refers to “abusive words” [?], according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.53 (“Description of Śiva’s return journey”).—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Nārada: “[The mountain] seated all of us, including the gods, the sages and others in the altar. The lord of mountains was assisted by his kinsmen. [...] The mountain satiated them with various kinds of juicy foodstuffs. All of them took food including Śiva, Viṣṇu and me. Then the ladies of the city indulged in the customary utterance of foul abusive words (gāli-dāna) [gālīdānamvyadhurmudā] laughing, jingling and peeping at all of them. [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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India history and geography

Source: Project Gutenberg: Castes and Tribes of Southern India, Volume 1

1) Gali (“wind”) is one of the exogamous septs (divisions) among the Kammas (agriculturists and traders). The word Kamma in Telugu means the ear-ornament, such as is worn by women. The Razus, who now claim to be Kshatriyas, were probably descended from Kapus, Kammas, and Velamas.

2) Gali (“devil”) is one of the exogamous septs (divisions) among the Kurubas (a tribe of South India). The Kurubas are sub-divided into clans or gumpus, each having a headman or guru called a gaudu, who gives his name to the clan. And the clans are again sub-divided into gotras or septs (viz., Gali).

3) Gali (“wind”) is one of the exogamous septs (divisions) among the Malas (considered the Pariahs of the Telugu country) of the Sarindla section. The Mala people are almost equally inferior in position to the Madigas and have, in their various sub-divisions, many exogamous septs (e.g., Gali).

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Gali [ગળી] in the Gujarati language is the name of a plant identified with Indigofera tinctoria L. from the Fabaceae (Pea) family having the following synonyms: Indigofera indica Lam., Indigofera sumatrana. For the possible medicinal usage of gali, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Gali in India is the name of a plant defined with Casuarina equisetifolia in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Casuarina equisetifolia J.R. & G. Forster (among others).

2) Gali is also identified with Toona ciliata It has the synonym Cedrela australis Mudie (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Regnum Vegetabile, or ‘a Series of Handbooks for the Use of Plant Taxonomists and Plant Geographers’ (1993)
· Journ. Arn. Arb. (1950)
· Familiarum Naturalium Regni Vegetabilis Monographicae (1846)
· Fragmenta Phytographiae Australiae (Mueller) (1858)
· Flora de Filipinas (1837)
· Herb. Amboin. (1743)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Gali, for example chemical composition, extract dosage, health benefits, side effects, diet and recipes, pregnancy safety, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

gali : (aor. of galati) dripped; flowed; trickled.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

gaḷī (गळी).—a (gaḷā) Of a powerful voice; capable of ascending high into the treble.

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gaḷī (गळी).—f (gaḷā) Sharpness or shrillness (of voice); the treble.

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gālī (गाली).—f (gāli S) A buse. gālīgalōcī f (by redup.) Abuse and vituperation; rude scolding and rating. v kara.

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gāḷī (गाळी).—f (gāli S) Abuse. v .

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

gālī (गाली).—f Abuse.

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gāḷī (गाळी).—f Abuse. gāḷīkhōra m An abusive person.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Gali (गलि).—[gaḍi, ḍasya laḥ] A strong but lazy bull; see गडि (gaḍi).

Derivable forms: galiḥ (गलिः).

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Gāli (गालि).—f. [gal-in]

1) Abuse, abusive or foul language; ददतु ददतु गालीर्गालिमन्तो भवन्तो वयमपि तदभावाद्गालिदानेऽसमर्थाः (dadatu dadatu gālīrgālimanto bhavanto vayamapi tadabhāvādgālidāne'samarthāḥ) Bhartṛhari 3.133; Rāj. T.6.157.

Derivable forms: gāliḥ (गालिः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gali (गलि).—m.

(-liḥ) A strong and lazy ox. E. gal to eat, and in affix; who is good for nothing but eating.

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Gāli (गालि).—m.

(-liḥ) A curse, execration or imprecation. E. gal in the causal from to cause to drop, and in aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gāli (गालि).—i. e. gal + i, 1. An execration, [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 3, 99.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gāli (गालि).—[feminine] [plural] (& sgl.*) abusive language, insult.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Gali (गलि):—m. (= gaḍi) a young steer, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.; Uṇādi-sūtra iv, 117 [Scholiast or Commentator]]

2) Gāli (गालि):—[from gālana] a f. [plural] reviling speech, invectives, execrations, [Bhartṛhari; Rājataraṅgiṇī vi, 157.]

3) Gālī (गाली):—[from gālana] f. [plural] = li, [Rājataraṅgiṇī vii, 1172.]

4) Gāli (गालि):—b etc. See 2. gālana.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Gali (गलि):—(liḥ) 2. m. A strong lazy ox.

2) Gāli (गालि):—(liḥ) 2. m. A curse.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Gali (गलि) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Gali, Galia, Gāli, Gālī.

[Sanskrit to German]

Gali in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Galī (गली):—(nf) a lane, alley, alleyways; —[kūcā] lanes and bylanes.

2) Gālī (गाली):—(nf) an abuse, invective; abusive songs sung by women as part of (marriage) celebrations; —[galauja/guphatāra] billingsgate, violent invectives; (exchange of) abusive terms; —[khānā] to endure abusive/foul language; —[denā] to abuse, to call names; —[gāliyoṃ para utaranā] to stoop to the use of abusive language.

context information


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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Gali (गलि) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Gali.

Gali has the following synonyms: Galia.

2) Gāli (गालि) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Gāli.

3) Gālī (गाली) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Gālī.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Gāli (ಗಾಲಿ):—[noun] a solid or partly solid disk or a circular frame connected by spokes to a central hub, capable of turning on a central axis and used as to move vehicles or transmit power in machinery; a wheel.

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Gāḷi (ಗಾಳಿ):—

1) [noun] the elastic, invisible mixture of gases (chiefly nitrogen and oxygen, as well as hydrogen, carbon dioxide, argon, neon, helium, etc.) that surrounds the earth, either in motion or not; air; wind.

2) [noun] the supposed disembodied spirit of a dead person (esp. a pregnant woman), conceived of as appearing to the living as a pale, shadowy apparition; a ghost.

3) [noun] any clue by which something is followed or detected.

4) [noun] the state of the mind being agitated, perturbed greatly.

5) [noun] the power of a person who affects another, as seen in the action, style etc. of the latter.

6) [noun] the trend of affairs or public opinion; ಗಾಳಿ ಊದು [gali udu] gāḷi ūdu = ಗಾಳಿ ಹಾಕು [gali haku]; ಗಾಳಿಗೆ ತೂರು [galige turu] gāḷige tūru (fig.) to neglect or avoid following principles, advice, rules etc., for getting benefits in the short run; ಗಾಳಿಗೊಡ್ಡಿದ ಸೊಡರು [galigoddida sodaru](ಲು [lu]) gāḷigoḍḍida soḍaru(lu) anything that is subject to destruction by an impending or inevitable danger.

7) [noun] that which is not lasting; temporal; transitory; ಗಾಳಿ ಬಂದಲ್ಲಿ ಕೊಡೆ ಹಿಡಿ [gali bamdalli kode hidi] gāḷi bandalli koḍe hiḍi (prov.) to act to take advantage of the situation; ಗಾಳಿ ಬಂದಾಗ ತೂರಿಕೊ [gali bamdaga turiko] gāḷi bandāga tūriko (prov.) to utilise a favourable opportunity to the fullest possible extent; to hoist your sail when the wind is fair; to make the hay while the sun shines; ಗಾಳಿಯ ವಾದ್ಯ [galiya vadya] gāḷiya vādya (n .) (often wrongly used as gāḷivādya) a musical instrument sounded by blowing air through it, as a flute, pipe, etc.

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Gāḷi (ಗಾಳಿ):—[noun] insulting speech; abuse; rebuke.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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Nepali dictionary

Source: unoes: Nepali-English Dictionary

Gālī (गाली):—n. 1. scolding; threat; rebuke; 2. abusive language; swearing; 3. warning;

context information

Nepali is the primary language of the Nepalese people counting almost 20 million native speakers. The country of Nepal is situated in the Himalaya mountain range to the north of India.

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