Gajamukha, Gaja-mukha: 8 definitions

Introduction:

Gajamukha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Gajamukha in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Gajamukha (गजमुख).—A people, perhaps Gandharvas.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 22. 56.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Gajamukha in Jainism glossary
Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

1) Gajamukha (गजमुख) refers to a sub-division of the Mlecchas: one of the two-fold division of men born in Mānuṣottara and in the Antaradvīpas, situated in the “middle world” (madhyaloka), according to chapter 2.3 [ajitanātha-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.

Accordingly:—“In these 35 zones on this side of Mānuṣottara and in the Antaradvīpas, men arise by birth; on the mountains, Meru, etc., by kidnapping and power of learning, in the 2½ continents and in 2 oceans. [...]. From the division into Āryas and Mlecchas they are two-fold. [...] The Mlecchas—[e.g., the Gajamukhas, ...] and other non-Āryas also are people who do not know even the word ‘dharma’”.

2) Gajamukha (गजमुख) also refers to one of the Antaradvīpas.—Accordingly, “The Mlecchas are free from (knowledge of) virtue and vice, and also those born in the Antaradvīpas. The 56 Antaradvīpas are as follows: Half of them are to the east and west of Kṣudrahimavat in the four intermediate directions, beginning with northeast. [...] Beyond them (i.e., after Hayakarṇa, Gajakarṇa, Gokarṇa, Śaṣkulīkarṇa) at a distance of 500 yojanas and with the same length and width are the 4 Antaradvīpas, Ādarśamukha, Meṣamukha, Hayamukha, and Gajamukha, in the northeast, etc., as before”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Gajamukha in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Gajamukha (गजमुख).—epithets of Gaṇeśa; Bṛ. S.58.58; Ks.1.44.

Derivable forms: gajamukhaḥ (गजमुखः).

Gajamukha is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms gaja and mukha (मुख). See also (synonyms): gajavaktra, gajavadana.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gajamukha (गजमुख):—[=gaja-mukha] [from gaja > gaj] m. ‘elephant-faced’, Gaṇeśa, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā lviii, 58.]

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Gajamukha (गजमुख) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Gayamuha.

[Sanskrit to German]

Gajamukha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Gajamukha in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Gajamukha (ಗಜಮುಖ):—

1) [noun] the face of an elephant.

2) [noun] Gaṇēśa, the elephant-headed god.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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