Gahapati; 2 Definition(s)


Gahapati means something in Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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Gahapati in Pali glossary... « previous · [G] · next »

gahapati : (m.) master of a house.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Gahapati, (gaha+pati. Vedic gṛhapati, where pati is still felt in its original meaning of “lord, ” “master, ” implying dignity, power & auspiciousness. Cp. Sk. dampati=dominus=despόths; and pati in P. senāpati commander-in-chief, Sk. jāspati householder, Lat. hospes, Obulg. gospoda=potestas, Goth. brūp-faps, bride-groom, hunda-faps=senāpati. See details under pati.) the possessor of a house, the head of the household, pater familias (freq.+seṭṭhi).—1. In formulas: (a) as regards social standing, wealth & clanship: a man of private (i.e. not official) life, classed w. khattiyā & brāhmaṇā in kh°-mahāsālā, wealthy Nobles, brahm°mahāsālā, do. Brahmins, gah° —m° well-to-do gentry S.I, 71; Nd2 135; DhA.I, 388.—kh°-kula, br°-kula, g°-kula the kh°, etc. clans: Vin.II, 161; J.I, 218. kh°, amaccā, br°, g.° D.I, 136.—(b) as regards education & mode of life ranking with kh°, br°, g.° and samaṇā Vin.I, 227; A.I, 66; Nd2 235, see also cpd.—paṇḍita.‹-› 2. Other applications: freq. in combn brāhmaṇagahapatikā priests & yeomen: see gahapatika. In combn w. gahapatiputta (cp. kulaputta) it comprises the members of the g. rank, clansmen of the (middle) class, and implies a tinge of “respectable people” esp. in addresses. So used by the Buddha in enumerating the people as gahapati vā gah°-putto vā aññatarasmiṃ vā kule paccājāto D.I, 62; M.I, 344. gahapatī ca gahapatāniyo householders and their wives A.II, 57. In sg. the Voc. gahapati may be rendered by “Sir” (Miln.17 e.g. and freq.), & in pl. gahapatayo by “Sirs” (e.g. Vin.I, 227; M.I, 401; A.II, 57).—As regards occupation all resp. businesses are within the sphere of the g., most frequently mentioned as such are seṭṭhino (see below) & cp. seṭṭhi° Vin.I, 16, but also kassaka, farmer A.I, 229, 239 sq.; and dārukammika, carpenter A.III, 391. Var. duties of a g. enum. at A.I, 229, 239.—The wealth & comfortably-living position of a g. is evident from an expression like kalyāṇa-bhattiko g. a man accustomed to good food Vin.II, 77=III, 160.—f. gahapatānī Vin.III, 211, 213 sq., 259 (always w. gahapati); DhA.I, 376; pl. gahapatāniyo see above.—Note. The Gen. sg. of gahapati is °ino (J.I, 92) as well as —issa (Vin.I, 16; D.III, 36).—3. Single cases of gahapatis, where g. almost assumes the function of a title are Anāthapiṇḍika g. Vin.II, 158 sq.; S.I, 56; II, 68; A.II, 65; J.I, 92; PvA.16; Meṇḍaka g. Vin.I, 240 sq.; Citta S.IV, 281 sq.; Nakulapitā S.II, 1 sq.; Potaliya M.I, 359; Sandhāna D.III, 36 sq.; Hāliddikāni S.II, 9.—See next.

—’aggi the sacred fire to be maintained by a householder, interpreted by the Buddha as the care to be bestowed on one’s children & servants A.IV, 45; see enum. under aggī at A.IV, 41; D.III, 217; —cīvara the robe of a householder (i.e. a layman’s robe) Vin.I, 280 sq.; °dhara wearing the householder’s (private man’s) robe (of a bhikkhu) M.I, 31; A.III, 391 sq.; —necayika (always with brāhmaṇa-mahāsālā) a business man of substance D.I, 136; III, 16 sq.; —paṇḍita a learned householder. Cp. above 1 (b), together w. khattiya°, etc. M.I, 176, 396; w. samaṇa-brāhmaṇa° Miln.5; —parisā a company of gahapatis (together w. khattiya°, etc., see above) Vin.I, 227; M.I, 72; D.III, 260; —putta a member of a g. clan D.I, 62, 211; M.I, 344; S.III, 48, 112; PvA.22; —mahāsāla a householder of private means (cp. above 1 a) usually in combn with khattiya°, etc. D.III, 258; S.I, 71; IV, 292; A.II, 86; IV, 239; —ratana the “householder-gem” one of the seven fairy jewels of the mythical overlord. He is a wizard treasure-finder (see ratana) D.II, 16, 176; Sn.p. 106. Cp. Rh.D. Dialogues etc. II.206. (Page 248)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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