Gahaṇa, Gahana, Gāhana: 16 definitions



Gahaṇa means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Gahan.

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In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Gahaṇa in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Gahana (गहन).—A chief Vānara.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 235.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu

Gahana (गहन) refers to “forest” according to the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). The Dharaṇyādi-varga covers the lands, soil, mountains, jungles [viz., Gahana] and vegetation’s relations between trees and plants and substances, with their various kinds.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Gahaṇa in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

gahaṇa : (nt.) taking; seizing; acquisition; grasp.

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gahana : (nt.) a thicket; a jungle; impenetrable place. (adj.), thick; impervious. || gāhana (nt.), submersion; plunging.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Gahana, (Sk. gahana, cp. also ghana) 1. adj. deep, thick, impervious, only in a° clear, unobstructed, free from obstacles Vv 187 (akanataka+); Miln.160 (gahanaṃ a° kataṃ the thicket is cleared).—2. nt. an impenetrable place, a thicket jungle, tangle.—(a) 18 gahanāni at J.V, 46; usually appl. to grass: tiṇa° A.I, 153=III, 128 (+rukkha°); Miln.369; adj. tiṇagahanā obstructed with grass (of vihārā) Vin.II, 138;— S.I, 199 (rukkhamūla°); J.I, 7, 158; PvA.5 (pabbata°), 43; VvA.230 (vana°).—(b) fig. imperviousness, entanglement, obstruction, appl. to diṭṭhi, the jungle of wrong views or heresy (usually combined w. diṭṭhi-kantāra, the wilderness of d., see diṭṭhi) M.I, 8, 485; Pug.22; DA.I, 108. Of rāga°, moha°, etc., and kilesa° Nd2 630 (in expl. of Satthā; rāgagahanaṃ tāreti); DhA.IV, 156 (on Dh.394); VvA.96.-manussa° M.I, 340.

— or —

Gahaṇa, (fr. gaṇhāti) (adj.) seizing, taking; acquiring; (n.) seizure, grasp, hold, acquisition Vism.114 (in detail). Usually —°: nāma°-divase on the day on which a child gets its name (lit. acquiring a name) J.I, 199, 262; arahatta° DhA.I, 8; dussa° DhA.II, 87; maccha° J.IV, 139; hattha° J.I, 294; byanjana°-lakkhaṇa Nett 27. gahaṇatthāya in order to get ... J.I, 279; II, 352. ‹-› amhākaṃ g° sugahaṇaṃ we have a tight grip J.I, 222, 223. (Page 247)

— or —

Gāhana, (nt.) (fr. last) submersion, see avagahana, avagāhati & avagāhana. (Page 250)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

gahana (गहन).—a (S) Difficult of passage or access--a river, road, forest, mountain: also difficult of comprehension--a science, treatise, stanza. Ex. ārambhilī rāmakathā ga0 ॥.

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gahanā (गहना) [or गहिना, gahinā].—m or by redup. gahanāgāṭhā m ( H) Trinkets, jewels, ornaments: also a trinket or an ornament gen.

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gāhaṇa (गाहण) [or गाहाण, gāhāṇa].—n by redup. gāhaṇapāhaṇa n ( H) A pawn or pledge. Pr. sōnēṃ gā0 tyālā māmā jāmīna kaśāsa?

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

gahana (गहन).—a Difficult of passage or access-a forest &c., difficult of comprehen- sion, a science, treatise &c.

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gahanā (गहना).—m Trinkets, ornaments.

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gahāṇa (गहाण).—See under gāha

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gāhaṇa (गाहण).—n A pawn or pledge.

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gāhāṇa (गाहाण).—n A pawn or pledge.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Gahana (गहन).—a.

1) Deep, dense, thick; वनान्निष्क्रम्य गहनाद्बहवः कुरुसैनिकाः (vanānniṣkramya gahanādbahavaḥ kurusainikāḥ) Mb.4.67.2.

2) Impervious, impenetrable, impassable, inaccessible.

3) Hard to be understood, inexplicable, mysterious; सेवाधर्मः परमगहनो योगिनामप्यगम्यः (sevādharmaḥ paramagahano yogināmapyagamyaḥ) Pt.1.11,285; Bh.2.58; गहना कर्मणो गतिः (gahanā karmaṇo gatiḥ) Bg.4.17; Śānti.1.8.

4) Grave, dignified; भूम्ना रसानां गहनाः प्रयोगाः (bhūmnā rasānāṃ gahanāḥ prayogāḥ) Māl.1.4.

5) Impassioned, replete with love, strong; क्व च नु गहनाः कौतुकरसाः (kva ca nu gahanāḥ kautukarasāḥ) U.6.33.

6) Hard, difficult, causing pain or trouble; गहनसंसारः (gahanasaṃsāraḥ) Śānti.3.15; U.7.6. (v. l.).

7) Deepened, intensified; महामोहगहनः (mahāmohagahanaḥ) (vikāraḥ) Māl.1.3.

-nam 1 An abyss, depth; अम्भः किमासीद्गहनं गभीरम् (ambhaḥ kimāsīdgahanaṃ gabhīram) Rv.1.129.1.

2) A wood, thicket, deep or impenetrable forest; यदनुगमनाय निशि गहनमपि शीलितम् (yadanugamanāya niśi gahanamapi śīlitam) Gīt.7; Bv.1.25.

3) A hiding-place.

4) A cave.

5) Pain, distress.

6) An ornament.

7) Water.

8) An inaccessible place; धिष्ण्यानामस्म्यहं मेरुर्गहनानां हिमालयः (dhiṣṇyānāmasmyahaṃ merurgahanānāṃ himālayaḥ) Bhāg.11.16.21.

-naḥ The Supreme Being.

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Gāhana (गाहन).—[gāh-lyuṭ] The act of diving into, plunging, bathing &c.

Derivable forms: gāhanam (गाहनम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Gahana (गहन).—(nt., or adj.), is sometimes, apparently, in-volved in word-plays with grahaṇa, q.v. (on the basis of MIndic pronunciation of the latter). In Śikṣāsamuccaya 286.1 (aśaṭhatā śaṭheṣu,) amāyāvitā gahanacariteṣu (this is the clear intention of the ms., see ed. note, and must be read), kṛtajñatā akṛtajñeṣu, etc., the Tibetan is said to render guilelessness among the guileful, which is supported by the parallel phrases surrounding this. The translation(s) of Bendall and Rouse renders gahana-carita overreaching; it seems more likely to mean of obscure, hidden (or perhaps tangled) conduct, and so tricky. See next (apparently a quite un- related confusion).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gahana (गहन).—mfn.

(-naḥ-nā-naṃ) Impervious, inaccessible. n.

(-naṃ) 1. A wood, a thicket. 2. A cave. 3. Pain, distress. E. gāh to tremble, &c. affix yuc, and the radical vowel made short; or gah to be thick, affix as before.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gahana (गहन).—i. e. gabh (cf. gabhīra, and gāh) + ana, I. adj., f. . 1. Deep, [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 3, 11. 2. Impervious, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 85, 4. 3. Impenetrable, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 317. Ii. n. 1. A thicket, [Rāmāyaṇa] 4, 48, 2. 2. Impenetrability, obscurity, Mahābhārata 11, 125. 3. Multitude, [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 35, 16.

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Gāhana (गाहन).—[gāh + ana], n. Bathing, Da- śak. 145, 14.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gahana (गहन).—[adjective] deep, thick, impenetrable; [neuter] depth, abyss, thicket, impenetrable place or darkness.

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Gāhana (गाहन).—[neuter] plunging, bathing.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Gahana (गहन):—[from gah] mf(ā)n. ([gana] kṣubhnādi) deep, dense, thick, impervious, impenetrable, inexplicable, hard to be understood, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.

2) Gahanā (गहना):—[from gahana > gah] f. ornament, [DevīP.]

3) Gahana (गहन):—[from gah] n. an abyss, depth (‘water’ [Naighaṇṭuka, commented on by Yāska; Nirukta, by Yāska]), [Ṛg-veda x, 129, 1]

4) [v.s. ...] an inaccessible place, hiding-place, thicket, cave, wood, impenetrable darkness[, i, 132, 6; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa xiv, 7, 2, 17; Mahābhārata] etc.

5) [v.s. ...] pain, distress, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] a metre consisting of thirty-two syllables.

7) Gāhana (गाहन):—[from gāh] n. diving into, bathing, [Daśakumāra-carita xii, 111.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gahana (गहन):—[(naḥ-nā-naṃ) a.] Impervious. n. A wood; a cave; pain.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Gahana (गहन):—

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Gāhana (गाहन):—(wie eben) n. das Eintauchen, Baden [Daśakumāracarita 175, 14.]

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Gahana (गहन):—

1) akalitagahanāvadhīni duḥkhāni [Kathāsaritsāgara 123, 339.] —

2) b) taru [Spr. 3993.] indriyārtha [571.] — c) ein Metrum von 92 Silben [Weber’s Indische Studien 8, 107.] —

3) f. ā Schmuck [Śabdakalpadruma] nach dem [Devīpurāṇa]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Gahaṇa in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Gahana (गहन) [Also spelled gahan]:—(a) deep; intricate; impregnable; obscure; mysterious, dense; inaccesible; ~[] depth; intricacy; impregnability; obscurity; mysteriousness; density; inaccessiblity.

2) Gahanā (गहना):—(nm) ornament; (v) to catch; [gahane] jewellery; •[rakhanā] to pawn, to mortgage.

3) Gāhanā (गाहना):—(v) to thresh; to chinse.

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