Gaggara, aka: Gaggarā; 4 Definition(s)


Gaggara means something in Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

1. Gaggara - A lotus pond at Campa.

The Buddha is several times mentioned as staying on the banks of the pond. On one such occasion Pessa and Kandaraka visited him, and he preached to them the Kandaraka Sutta (M.i.339). Among others who visited him there are mentioned Bahuna (A.v.151), Vajjiyamahita (A.v.189), and Kassapagotta (Vin.i.312). On one occasion, when the Buddha was staying there, Sariputta approached him with a large number of the inhabitants of Campa and asked him questions concerning the efficacy of giving alms (A.iv.59ff).

On another such occasion Sariputta assembled the monks and preached to them the Dasuttara Sutta (D.iii.272ff). It was on the banks of the Gaggara that the Buddha preached the Karandava Sutta (q.v.) on the necessity of getting rid of evil minded members of the Sangha lest they should corrupt the whole Order (A.iv.168f), and the pond bank was also the scene of the preaching of the well known Sonadanda Sutta (D.i.111f). Once, when the Buddha was at this spot with a large number of monks and lay followers, Vangisa came up to him and praised him in a song, pointing out how the Buddha outshone them all (S.i.195; Thag.v.1252; ThagA.ii.210).

The pond was called Gaggara because it owed its origin to a queen of that name. On its bank was a Campaka grove where the Buddha stayed during his visits (MA.ii.565; DA.i.279f). Nearby was a monastery of titthiyas. (See A.v.189). The pond, together with that at Jetavana, is given as an example of a very beautiful lotus pond (E g., AA.i.264). Monks found it a convenient spot for meditation (SNA.i.17).

2. Gaggara - The queen for whom the lotus pond Gaggara (q.v.) was made.

also see: Gaggara Sutta.

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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India history and geogprahy

Gaggarā (गग्गरा) or Gaggarāpokkharaṇī is the name of a tank situated in Majjhimadesa (Middle Country) of ancient India, as recorded in the Pāli Buddhist texts (detailing the geography of ancient India as it was known in to Early Buddhism).—From the Sumaṅgalavilāsinī we learn that the Buddha taught the people of Campā the dhamma on the bank of Gaggarā tank. We are told that it was dug by the queen Gaggarā, and was not far off from the city of Campā.

Source: Ancient Buddhist Texts: Geography of Early Buddhism
India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Gaggara in Pali glossary... « previous · [G] · next »

gaggarā : (f.) name of a lake.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Gaggara, (Vedic gargara throat, whirlpool. *gǔer to sling down, to whirl, cp. Gr. baρaqron, Lat. gurges, gurgulio, Ohg. querechela “kehle”) 1. roaring, only in f. gaggarī a blacksmith’s bellows: kammāra°, in simile M.I, 243; S.I, 106; Vism.287.—2. (nt.) cackling, cawing, in haṃsa° the sound of geese J.V, 96 (expl. by haṃsamadhurassara). Gaggarā as N. of a lake at Vism.208.—See note on gala. (Page 239)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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