Gadyana, Gadyāṇa: 4 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Gadyana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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Source: archive.org: Indian epigraphical glossary

1) Gadyāna, a gold coin or weight; also spelt gadyāṇa, gadyāṇa. Generally regarded as 48 ratis in weight.

2)  Gadyāṇa, also called gadyāṇaka, often contracted as ga or gadyā; sometimes called pon-gadyāṇa or gadyāṇa-ponnu indicating that it was a gold coin; sometimes called suvarṇa; cf. bhairava-gadyāṇa, lokki-gadyāṇa, aṅka-gadyāṇa, gāva-gadyāṇa, komarina-gadyāṇa, priyaśrāha-gaja-malla-gadyāṇa, ambili-gadyāṇa; jagadalaṃ-gadyāṇa, etc. Cf. also aru-gadyāṇa and kula-gadyāṇa, names of coins. Cf. parameṣṭhi-gadyāṇa-ponnu.

3) Gadyāṇa, name of a coin, probably equal to a varāha or pagoda; cf. bṛhad-bhairava-gadyāṇa; also kaṭhāri-aṅkuśa-gadyāṇa, name of a coin with the representation of a dagger and a goad; vardha-gadyāṇa, name of the gold coin called both varāha and gadyāṇa.

4) Gadyāṇa, same as gadyāṇa; a coin like a farthing equal to ¼ or ⅕ of the paikamu; also a dināra or varāha; a weight used in weighing silver; equal in some places to 20 vals, 8 māsas, or half a tala.

Source: What is India: Inscriptions of the Śilāhāras

Gadyāṇa refers to “gold-coins”, and was a currency used during the rule of the Śilāhāra dynasty (r. 765-1215 A.D.).—Gadyāṇa as a gold coins is well-known. According to the Līlāvatī, its standard weight was 48 rattis or 87.84 grains. Kittel found , in Bellāri and occasionally in Mysore, gold coins called gadyāṇas of the weight of a ruvvi or a farthing .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Gadyāna.—(EI 3), a gold coin or weight; also spelt gadyāṇa. generally regarded as 48 ratis in weight (JNSI, Vol. XVI, p. 42). Note: gadyāna is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

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Gadyāṇa.—(IE 8-8; EI 27, 30), also called gadyāṇaka, often contracted as ga or gadyā; sometimes called pon-gadyāṇa or gadyāṇa-ponnu indicating that it was a gold coin; sometimes called suvarṇa; cf. bhairava-gadyāṇa, lokki-gadyāṇa (SII 11-2), aṅka-gadyāṇa, gāva-gadyāṇa, komarina-gadyāṇa, priyaśrāha-gaja- malla-gadyāṇa, ambili-gadyāṇa, jagadalaṃ-gadyāṇa, etc. Cf. also aṟu-gadyāṇa (IA 12) and kula-gadyāṇa (EI 17), names of coins. Cf. parameṣṭhi-gadyāṇa-ponna (Ep. Ind., Vol. XXXVI, p. 61). (SITI), name of a coin, probably equal to a varāha or pagoda; cf. bṛhad-bhairava-gadyāṇa (EI 30); also kaṭhāri- aṅkuśa-gadyāṇa (EI 8), name of a coin with the representation of a dagger and a goad; varāha-gadyāṇa (EI 8), name of the gold coin called both varāha and gadyāṇa. Note: gadyāṇa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

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Gadyāṇa.—(CITD), same as gadyāṇa; a coin like a farthing equal to (1/4) or (1/5) of the paikamu; also a dināra or varāha; a weight used in weighing silver; equal in some places to 20 vals, 8 māṣas, or half a tola. Note: gadyāṇa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

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Gadyāna.—same as gadyāṇa. Note: gadyāna is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

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Gadyāṇa.—a gold coin or weight; generally regarded as 48 ratis (about 88 grains) in weight; sometimes called ‘the gold gadyāṇa’; sometimes regarded as a coin like a farthing, equal to (1/4) or (1/5) of the paikamu (q. v.); regarded in some places as equal to 20 vals, 8 māṣas or (1/2) tola. Note: gadyāṇa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

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context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Gadyāṇa (गद्याण):—m. a weight (= 32 Guñjās or berries of Abrus precatorius, or = 64 such Guñjās with physicians; = 6 Māṣas of 7 or 8 Guñjās each, [Śārṅgadhara-saṃhitā]), [Yājñavalkya iii, 258 [Scholiast or Commentator]]

2) Gadyāna (गद्यान):—[from gadyāṇa] ([Śārṅgadhara-saṃhitā i, 41]) m. idem

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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