Esin, Esi, Eshin, Eṣin, Eshi, Eṣī: 13 definitions


Esin means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Jainism, Prakrit, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Eṣin and Eṣī can be transliterated into English as Esin or Eshin or Esi or Eshi, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Eṣin (एषिन्) refers to “one who loves”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 2), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “[...] He, who well knows the Horā, the Gaṇita and the Saṃhitā śāstras, ought to be respected by the prince who loves victory [i.e., jaya-eṣin] and admitted into his court. That service, which a single Jyotiṣaka, having a knowledge of place and time can render to a prince, cannot be rendered to him by a thousand elephants or by four thousand horses”

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Eṣin (एषिन्) refers to “(being) desirous (of victory)”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.4.7 (“Commencement of the War”).—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Nārada: “[...] The fight between the gods and the Asuras desirous of victory (jaya-eṣin) over each other was very tumultuous. It was pleasing to the brave and terrible to the others. The battle ground became impassable and awful with the corpses of the gods and Asuras lying there in thousands but it was very pleasing to the brave”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Esin in Yoruba is the name of a plant defined with Alchornea cordifolia in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Conceveibum cordatum A. Juss. (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Prodromus Systematis Naturalis Regni Vegetabilis (1866)
· Niger flora, or ‘An enumeration of the plants of western tropical Africa’ (1849)
· Willdenowia (1991)
· Linnaea (1865)
· De Euphorbiacearum Generibus Medicisque (1824)
· Beskrivelse af Guineeiske planter (1827)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Esin, for example diet and recipes, chemical composition, extract dosage, pregnancy safety, side effects, health benefits, have a look at these references.

2) Eshi in India is the name of a plant defined with Indigofera tinctoria. Example references:

· De Fructibus et Seminibus Plantarum (1791)
· Encyclopédie Méthodique, Botanique (1789)
· Pharmazie (1987)
· Cytologia (1982)
· Companion to the Botanical Magazine (1835)
· Kew Bulletin (1998)

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

esi : (aor. of esati) sought; searched. || esī (m.), seeker.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Esin, (adj.) (Sk. eṣin, of iṣ) seeking, wishing, desiring S.II, 11 (sambhav°); J.I, 87 (phal°); IV, 26 (dukkham°); Pv.II, 928 (gharam); PvA.132. (Page 162)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Eṣin (एषिन्).—a.

1) Driving, impelling.

2) Desiring, desirous of, wishing (at the end of comp.); यौवने विषयैषिणाम् (yauvane viṣayaiṣiṇām) R.1.8.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Eṣin (एषिन्).—i. e. iṣ + in, adj., f. iṇī, Wishing, Mahābhārata 3, 12513.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Eṣin (एषिन्).—[adjective] = [preceding] adj. (mostly —°).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Eṣin (एषिन्):—[from eṣa] mfn. (generally ifc.) going after, seeking, striving for, desiring, [Aitareya-brāhmaṇa; Mahābhārata; Raghuvaṃśa etc.]

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Eṣin (एषिन्) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Esi.

[Sanskrit to German]

Esin in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Esi (एसि) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Eṣin.

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Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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