Eru, Èru: 7 definitions

Introduction:

Eru means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, biology, Tamil. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) eru in Cameroon is the name of a plant defined with Gnetum buchholzianum in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices.

2) eru in India is also identified with Desmodium oojeinense It has the synonym Ougeinia oojeinensis Hochr. (etc.).

3) eru in Indonesia is also identified with Casuarina equisetifolia It has the synonym Casuarina littorea L. (etc.).

4) eru in Nigeria is also identified with Astraea lobata It has the synonym Croton lobatus var. palmatus (Klotzsch) Müll. Arg. (etc.).

5) eru is also identified with Pachyelasma tessmannii It has the synonym Stachyothyrsus tessmannii Harms.

6) eru is also identified with Xylopia aethiopica It has the synonym Xylopicrum aethiopicum (Dunkley) Kuntze (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Fitoterapia (2003)
· Journal of Ethnopharmacology (2001)
· Supplementum Plantarum (1782)
· African Journal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicines: AJTCAM/African Networks on Ethnomedicines. (2008)
· Dakar Med. (2003)
· World Checklist of Seed Plants (1995)

If you are looking for specific details regarding eru, for example side effects, diet and recipes, health benefits, extract dosage, chemical composition, pregnancy safety, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Eru (एरु).—a. Ved. Going.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Eru (एरु):—mfn. ([from] ā-√īr) = gantṛ, [Tārānātha tarkavācaspati’s Vācaspatyam, Sanskrit dictionary] (?), [Atharva-veda vi, 22, 3.]

2) [according to] to some, ‘the penis’.

[Sanskrit to German]

Eru in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Eru (ಎರು):—[verb] to become an integrated whole.

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Eru (ಎರು):—[noun] = ಎರುಗು [erugu].

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Ēru (ಏರು):—

1) [verb] to go to a higher level, position or place; to rise; to ascend; to mount; to climb up.

2) [verb] to advance in social status, rank, importance.

3) [verb] (ground, mountain etc.) to have an upward incline or slant.

4) [verb] (price, cost, value, etc.) to become more, to go up; to soar.

5) [verb] ಏರಗತ್ತು [eragattu] ēragattu raised voice; ಏರಸಲ್ಲು [erasallu] ērasallu to come to one’s notice; to be observed; ಏರಿಬರು [eribaru] ēribaru to fall upon; to attack; ಏರಿಕೊಳ್ [erikol] ērikoḷ to climb up; to mount on; ಏರಿಹೋಗು [erihogu] ērihōgu to march against; to attack; ಏರುಹಾಕಿಕೊಡು [eruhakikodu] ēruākikoḍu to support one (opposing another); ಏರಿದವ ಇಳಿದಾನು [eridava ilidanu] ēridava iḷidānu (prov.) good days may not last forever; every tide hath its web.

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Ēru (ಏರು):—

1) [noun] the act of going, climbing or mounting up; a rise; soar.

2) [noun] an ascending slope (of ground, a hill, etc.); elevation; acclivity.

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Ēru (ಏರು):—[noun] a plough yoked on to a pair of oxen.

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Ēru (ಏರು):—

1) [noun] an injury to the body (as from violence, accident or surgery) that involves laceration or breaking of a membrane (as the skin) and usually damage to underlying tissues; a wound.

2) [noun] ಏರಬಾಯಿ [erabayi] ērabāyi opening of a wound; the wound that is not healed.

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Ēru (ಏರು):—[noun] (dial.) a quantity of two bagful of grains, used as a unit of measurement of quantity.

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Ēṟu (ಏಱು):—

1) [verb] to go to a higher level, position or place; to rise; to ascend; to mount; to climb up.

2) [verb] to advance in social status, rank, importance.

3) [verb] (ground, mountain etc.) to have an upward incline or slant.

4) [verb] (price, cost, value, etc.) to become more, to go up; to soar.

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Ēṟu (ಏಱು):—

1) [noun] the act of going, climbing or mounting up; a rise; soar.

2) [noun] an ascending slope (of ground, a hill, etc.); elevation; acclivity.

3) [noun] that portion of a building between the floor below and the roof or floor above it; an upper floor; upstairs; such a building itself; a multi-storeyed building.

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Ēṟu (ಏಱು):—[noun] a long shaft with a sharp point at one end for throwing; a spear.

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Ēṟu (ಏಱು):—

1) [noun] an injury to the body (as from violence, accident or surgery) that involves laceration or breaking of a membrane (as the skin) and usually damage to underlying tissues; a wound.

2) [noun] a blow; a stroke.

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Ēṟu (ಏಱು):—[noun] a physical combat; a fight; a battle; a combat.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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Tamil dictionary

Source: DDSA: University of Madras: Tamil Lexicon

Eru (எரு) noun [Telugu: eruvu, K. erubu.]

1. Animal or vegetable manure; உரம். பிடித்தெருவும் வேண்டாது [uram. piditheruvum vendathu] (திருக்குறள் [thirukkural], 1037).

2. See எருமுட்டை. [erumuttai.]

3. Excrement; மலம். எருவாய் கருவாய் தனிலே [malam. eruvay karuvay thanile] (திருப்புகழ் [thiruppugazh] 774).

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Ēṟu (ஏறு) [ēṟutal] 5 verb [Kanarese, Malayalam: Travancore usage ēṟu.] intransitive

1. To go up, as the eyebrows, in anger; உயர்தல். ஏறியுமிழிந்து மூளும்புருவங்கண் முரிய [uyarthal. eriyumizhinthu mulumburuvangan muriya] (சீவகசிந்தாமணி [sivagasindamani] 2507).

2. To rise, ascend, as the heavenly bodies; to mount, climb; மேலேறுதல். குன்றேறி யொளிப்பினும் [meleruthal. kunreri yolippinum] (நாலடியார் [naladiyar], 90).

3. To terminate; முற் றுப்பெறுதல். ஆண்டெலா மின்றொ டேறுமோ [mur rupperuthal. andela minro derumo] (கம்பராமாயணம் கிளை. [kambaramayanam kilai.] 114).

4. To abound in number, weight, measure; to increase in price, quality; மிகுதல். [miguthal.]

5. To spread; to be diffused, as poison; பரவுதல். நஞ்சேறுகிறது. [paravuthal. nancherugirathu.]

6. To become possessed; ஆவேசித்தல். கடல் ஞாலத் தீசன்வந் தேறக்கோலோ [avesithal. kadal gnalath thisanvan therakkolo] (நாலாயிர திவ்யப்பிரபந்தம் திருவாய்மொழி [nalayira thivyappirapandam thiruvaymozhi] 5, 6, 1).

7. To grow; வளர்தல். பயிரேறிவிட்டது. [valarthal. payirerivittathu.]

8. To enter, to penetrate; to run into, as a thorn; உட் செல்லுதல். அவன் சொன்னது மனத்தி லேற வில்லை. [ud selluthal. avan sonnathu manathi lera villai.]

9. To settle, to be domiciled; குடியேறு தல். திருக்கோயிலைச் சூழ்ந்த இடத்திலும் சன்னிதியி லும் ஏறிய பலகுடிக்கும் [kudiyeru thal. thirukkoyilais suzhntha idathilum sannithiyi lum eriya palagudikkum] (S.I.I. i,93).

10. To be laden, as cargo; ஏற்றிவைக்கப்படுதல். மூட்டைகள் கப்பலில் ஏறின. [errivaikkappaduthal. muttaigal kappalil erina.] — transitive To cross, pass over; கடத் தல். அருளாற் காவிரியை யேறி [kadath thal. arular kaviriyai yeri] (பெரியபுராணம் திருநாவு. [periyapuranam thirunavu.] 303). — aux. Auxiliary verb, as in நடந்தேறுதல்; துணைவினை. [nadantheruthal; thunaivinai.]

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Ēṟu (ஏறு) noun < ஏறு-. [eru-.]

1. Height; உயரம். ஏறுவடை வானந்தன்னுள் [uyaram. eruvadai vananthannul] (பெரியபுராணம் கண்ணப்ப. [periyapuranam kannappa.] 6).

2. Bull; இடபம். ஊர்தி வால்வெள் ளேறே [idapam. urthi valvel lere] (புறநானூறு [purananuru] 1, 3).

3. Nandi, the chief of Śiva’s hosts whose face is like that of a bull or who has the form of a bull; நந்திதேவர். (பிங்கலகண்டு) [nanthithevar. (pingalagandu)]

4. Taurus, a sign of the Zodiac; இடபராசி. (திவா.) [idaparasi. (thiva.)]

5. Males of certain animals, as பன்றி, புல்வாய், உழை, கவரி, எருமை, மரை, பெற்றம் [panri, pulvay, uzhai, kavari, erumai, marai, perram] (தொல். பொ. [thol. po.] 593, 594.) துருவாடு, (திவா.) புலி (பிங்கலகண்டு) சிங்கம் [thuruvadu, (thiva.) puli (pingalagandu) singam] (மகாபாரதம் கிருட். [magaparatham kirud.] 76.); பன்றி முதலிய விலங்குகளின் ஆண். [panri muthaliya vilangugalin an.]

6. Male shark; சுறா வின் ஆண். [sura vin an.] (தொல். பொ. [thol. po.] 595.)

7. Male conch; சங்கின் ஆண். (பிங்கலகண்டு) [sangin an. (pingalagandu)]

8. The 1st nakṣatra. See அச்சுவினி. (திவா.) [achuvini. (thiva.)]

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Ēṟu (ஏறு) noun < எறி-. [eri-.]

1. Throw; எறகை. காயாத மரமீது கல்லேறு செல்லுமோ [eragai. kayatha maramithu kalleru sellumo] (தாயுமானசுவாமிகள் பாடல் சச்சி. [thayumanasuvamigal padal sachi.] 8).

2. Beating, as of a drum; அடிக்கை. எடுத்தே றேய கடிப்புடை வியன்கண் [adikkai. eduthe reya kadippudai viyankan] (பதிற்றுப்பத்து [pathirruppathu] 41, 23).

3. Stroke, as of a sword; sting, as of a scorpion; வாள்தோள் களின் எறிகை. வாளேறு காணத் தேளேறு மாயுமா போலே [valthol kalin erigai. valeru kanath theleru mayuma pole] (ஈடு-முப்பத்தாறுயிரப்படி [idu-muppatharuyirappadi], 3, 9, ப்ர. [pra.]).

4. Pouncing upon, as an eagle; பருந்தின் கவர்ச்சி. பரிந்தி னேறுகுறித் தொரீஇ [parunthin kavarchi. parinthi nerugurith thorii] (புறநானூறு [purananuru] 43, 5).

5. Thunderbolt; இடி. அதிர்குர லேறொடு [idi. athirkura lerodu] (புறநானூறு [purananuru] 160, 3).

6. Destroying; அழிக் கை. அவ்வெயில் ஏறுபெற் றுதிர்வனபோல் [azhig kai. avveyil eruper ruthirvanapol] (கலித்தொகை [kalithogai] 2).

7. Scar; எறிந்ததனாலான வடு. இஃதோ ரேறு [erinthathanalana vadu. iqtho reru] (தொல். சொல். [thol. sol.] 119, உரை [urai]).

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Ēṟu (ஏறு) noun cf. சேமரம். [semaram.] A kind of tree; மரவகை. (அகராதி நிகண்டு) [maravagai. (agarathi nigandu)]

context information

Tamil is an ancient language of India from the Dravidian family spoken by roughly 250 million people mainly in southern India and Sri Lanka.

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