Eraka, aka: Erakā; 9 Definition(s)

Introduction

Eraka means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Eraka (एरक).—A serpent born in the family of the Kauravas. This serpent was burnt to death at the Sarpasatra of Janamejaya. (Śloka 16, Chapter 57, Ādi Parva).

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

Eraka (एरक).—The grass growing on the seashore, supposed to be grown out of the particles of the musala given birth to by Sāmba and thrown into the sea by the order of the Yādava king.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa XI. 1. 22.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

An arahant. He was the son of an eminent family of Savatthi. He had many advantages over others, among them beauty and charm. His parents married him to a suitable wife but, because it was his last life, he sought the Buddha. After hearing the Buddha preach he left the world, but for several days he was overcome by evil thoughts. The Buddha thereupon admonished him in a verse, and Eraka gained arahantship (Thag.v.93; ThagA.i.192f; for the name see Brethren, p.86, n.2).

In the time of Siddhattha Buddha he was a householder. One day he saw the Buddha and, having nothing to give, cleaned the road along which the Buddha walked and stood looking at him with clasped hands. Fifty seven kappas ago he was a king named Suppabuddha.

He is probably identical with Maggadayaka Thera of the Apadana. Ap.i.173.

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
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Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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India history and geogprahy

Eraka is the name of an ancient locality mentioned in a Vadakahagala inscription, and existed since the ancient kingdom of Anurādhapura, Ceylon (Sri Lanka).—[also see Lābugāmaka]...:—In an inscription of the 1st century at Vadakahagala (Tammanagala), 2½ miles north-north-east of Labunoruva, the name Labunakara occurs: Lābugāmaka of the 4th century B.C., Labunakara of the 1st century, and modern Labunoruva are one and the same place, a remarkable instance of the survival of a village name for over 2,000 years. Other places named in the Vadakahagala (Tammanagala) inscription are:—(i) Maḍukola; (ii) Eraka; (iii) Ṇiliba; (iv) Naka-nakara (P. Nāga-nagara), already mentioned under Haṅdgala-vihāra; (v) Vahaṇikupiḍa; (vi) Acavivika; and (vii) Mayiha.

Source: archive.org: Ceylon Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society 1963
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Eraka in Pali glossary... « previous · [E] · next »

eraka : (m.) a kind of grass used for making coverlets.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

1) Eraka, 2 (nt.) (fr. ereti) Typha-grass J.IV, 88. As eragu(?) a kind of grass used for making coverlets Vin.I, 196 (eraka Bdhgh. on D.I, 166). (Page 161)

2) Eraka, 1 (adj.) (fr. ereti) driving away, moving J.IV, 20 (°vāta); °vattika a certain kind of torture M.I, 87 = A.I, 47 = II.122 = Nd2 604 = Miln.197. (Page 161)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Erakā (एरका).—A kind of grass (said to have turned to clubs when plucked by Kṛṣhṇa and his family; cf. Mb. mausalaparvan), ददार करजैर्वक्षस्येरकां कटकृद्यथा (dadāra karajairvakṣasyerakāṃ kaṭakṛdyathā) Bhāg.1.3. 18.

-kam A woollen carpet.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Erakā (एरका).—f.

(-kā) A sort of grass of emollient and diluent properties.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 23 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Varshika
Varṣika (वर्षिक).—mfn. (-kaḥ-kī-kaṃ) 1. Raining, rainy, relating or belonging to the rains. 2. ...
Pana
Paṇa or Palonagara is the name of an ancient locality that existed since the ancient kingdom of...
Jantu
Jantu (जन्तु).—m. (-ntuḥ) Any animal, any being endowed with animal life; it is more usually ap...
Samba
Śamba (शम्ब).—mfn. (-mbaḥ-mbā-mbaṃ) 1. Happy, fortunate. 2. Poor, indigent. m. (-mbaḥ) 1. Indra...
Elapatra
Elāpatra (एलापत्र).—m. (-traḥ) One of the chiefs of the Nagas or serpent-race.
Meraka
Meraka (मेरक).—m. (-kaḥ) An Asura and foe to Vishnu.
Labugamaka
Lābugāmaka is identified with Labunoruva (=Lābugāmaka): an ancient locality that existed since ...
Manduraka
Manduraka (मन्दुरक).—(1) m. Divy 19.23, or nt. Mvy 9183, a kind of coverlet; see s.v. eraka; (...
Vadakahagala
Vadakahagala (identified with Tammanagala) is the name of an ancient locality that existed sinc...
Maggadayaka
An arahant. Ninety four kappas ago he saw Siddhattha Buddha walking in the forest, and, ...
Vahanikupida
Vahaṇikupiḍa is the name of an ancient locality mentioned in a Vadakahagala inscription, and ex...
Tammanagala
Tammanagala is identified with Vadakahagala: the name of an ancient locality that existed since...
Madukola
Maḍukola is the name of an ancient locality mentioned in a Vadakahagala inscription, and existe...
Naganagara
Nāganagara corresponds with Nakanakara and is the name of an ancient locality mentioned in a Va...
Janduraka
Janduraka (जन्दुरक).—m., a kind of coverlet: Divy 19.22; corresponds to syandaraka (v.l. Mirono...

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