Dvisha, Dviṣa: 9 definitions


Dvisha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Dviṣa can be transliterated into English as Dvisa or Dvisha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Dviṣa (द्विष) [=Dviṣ?] refers to “hate”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 15) (“On the nakṣatras—‘asterisms’”), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “Those who are born on the lunar day of Maghā will be possessed of wealth, grains and storehouses; will delight in frequenting hills and in the performance of religious rites; will be merchants; will be valiant; will take animal food and will be female haters (strī-dviṣa). Those who are born on the lunar day of Pūrvaphālguni will delight in dance, in young women, in music, in painting, in sculpture and in trade; will be dealers in cotton, salt, honey and oil and will be forever in the enjoyment of the vigour of youth.. [...]”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Dviṣa (द्विष) refers to an “enemy” (that is destruction), according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Being frightened by the deceit of the breath, the living embryo of men that is taken hold of by the fanged enemy that is destruction (dantin-dviṣasaṃhāradantidviṣā) goes out like a young doe in the forest. O shameless one, if you are not able to protect this wretched [embryo] which is obtained gradually [by death] then you are not ashamed to delight in pleasures in this life”.

Synonyms: Vaira, Vairin, Arāti.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Dviṣa (द्विष).—An enemy. (द्विषंतप (dviṣaṃtapa) a. Harassing an enemy, retaliating; सख्या तेन दशग्रीवं निहन्तासि द्विषंतपम् (sakhyā tena daśagrīvaṃ nihantāsi dviṣaṃtapam) Bhaṭṭikāvya 6.11.

Derivable forms: dviṣaḥ (द्विषः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Dviṣa (द्विष).—m. (= Pali disa; in Sanskrit as adj. ifc.; a-extension of Sanskrit dviṣ), enemy: Mūla-Sarvāstivāda-Vinaya ii.17.1 dviṣo (so ms., ed. em. dviḍ) bhaviṣyāmi.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dviṣa (द्विष).—[adjective] hating, disliking (—°).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Dviṣa (द्विष):—[from dviṣ] mfn. (ifc.) hostile, hating (cf. -tā and -tva)

2) [v.s. ...] hateful or unpleasant to, [Harivaṃśa]

3) [v.s. ...] m. foe, enemy, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) Dviṣā (द्विषा):—f. cardamoms, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

[Sanskrit to German]

Dvisha in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Dviṣa (ದ್ವಿಷ):—[noun] a person who feels hatred for, fosters harmful designs against or engages in antagonistic activities against another; an adversary or opponent; an enemy.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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