Dvaya: 20 definitions


Dvaya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Dway.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Dvaya (द्वय).—Name and form; a vain Arthavāda.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa XI. 28. 37.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (philosophy)

Dvaya (द्वय) or Dvayavādin refers to the “theory of the two” (i.e., ‘the two sorts of combinations of four elements...’), according to Utpaladeva’s Vivṛti on Īśvarapratyabhijñākārikā 1.5.6.—Accordingly, “[...] For it is not [universally acknowledged that] no [perception] at all can be accounted for without speculating about the [imperceptible] sense organs; thus some propound the theory of the six elements while not taking the sense organs into account in any way, [and] others defend the theory of the two (dvaya-vādin) [sorts of combinations of four elements—namely, the sort that produces consciousness and the one that does not—without taking imperceptible sense organs into account either]. [...]”

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Ganitashastra (Mathematics and Algebra)

Source: archive.org: Hindu Mathematics

Dvaya (द्वय) represents the number 2 (two) in the “word-numeral system” (bhūtasaṃkhyā), which was used in Sanskrit texts dealing with astronomy, mathematics, metrics, as well as in the dates of inscriptions and manuscripts in ancient Indian literature.—A system of expressing numbers by means of words arranged as in the place-value notation was developed and perfected in India in the early centuries of the Christian era. In this system the numerals [e.g., 2—dvaya] are expressed by names of things, beings or concepts, which, naturally or in accordance with the teaching of the Śāstras, connote numbers.

Ganitashastra book cover
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Ganitashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, gaṇitaśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science of mathematics, algebra, number theory, arithmetic, etc. Closely allied with astronomy, both were commonly taught and studied in universities, even since the 1st millennium BCE. Ganita-shastra also includes ritualistic math-books such as the Shulba-sutras.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Dvaya (द्वय) refers to the “duality” (of existence and non-existence), according to the the Amanaska Yoga treatise dealing with meditation, absorption, yogic powers and liberation.—Accordingly, as Īśvara says to Vāmadeva: “[...] In sleep, a portion of consciousness is lost and in wakefulness, there is grasping at sense objects. The wise know that there is an inner reality beyond sleep and wakefulness. The knowers of the highest reality know that the highest reality is beyond the duality (dvaya) of existence and non-existence, passes beyond [both] sleep and waking and is free from dying and living. [...]”.

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Dvaya.—(IE 7-1-2), ‘two’. Note: dvaya is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

dvaya : (nt.) a pair; couple; dyad.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Dvaya, (adj.-n.) (Ved. dvaya; cp. dvi B I. 6) (adj.) (a) two fold Sn.886 (saccaṃ musā ti dvayadhammaṃ); Dh.384; Pv IV.129 (dvayaṃ vipākaṃ=duvidhaṃ PvA.228).—advaya single A.V, 46.—(b) false, deceitful Vin.III, 21.—nt. a duality, a pair, couple S.II, 17 (°ṃ nissito loko); J.III, 395 (gātha°); PvA.19 (māsa°); DhA.II, 93 (pada° two lines, “couplet”).

—kārin “doing both, ” i.e. both good & evil deeds (su° & duccaritaṃ) S.III, 241, cp. 247 sq.; D.III, 96. (Page 332)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

dvaya (द्वय).—n S A pair or couple. Used in comp. and after its fellow-member; as pustakadvaya A couple of books.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

dvaya (द्वय).—n A pair, couple.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Dvaya (द्वय).—a. (- f.)

1) Two-fold, double, of two kinds or sorts; अनुपेक्षणे द्वयी गतिः (anupekṣaṇe dvayī gatiḥ) Mu.3; कुसुमस्तबकस्येव द्वयी वृत्तिर्मन- स्विनः । मूर्ध्नि वा सर्वलोकस्य विशीर्येत वनेऽथवा (kusumastabakasyeva dvayī vṛttirmana- svinaḥ | mūrdhni vā sarvalokasya viśīryeta vane'thavā) || Bhartṛhari 2.14. (v. l.); sometimes used in pl. also; see Śiśupālavadha 3.57.

2) Relating to द्वैत (dvaita) (q. v.); अविद्यमानोऽप्यवभाति हि द्वयः (avidyamāno'pyavabhāti hi dvayaḥ) Bhāgavata 11.2.38.

-yam 1 Pair, couple, brace (usually at the end of comp.); द्वितयेन द्वयमेव संगतम् (dvitayena dvayameva saṃgatam) R.8.6;1.19;3.8;4.4.

2) Two-fold nature, duplicity.

3) Untruthfulness.

4) (In gram.) The masculine and feminine gender.

-yī A pair, couple.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Dvaya (द्वय).—(nt.), (sexual) coupling, copulation: sa nehaiva mātṛgrāmeṇa sārdhaṃ dvayaṃ samāpadyate Śikṣāsamuccaya 76.8, he does not by any means enter into copulation with a woman; dvaya-dvaya-samāpattiḥ Mahāvyutpatti 9469, copulation, lit. attain- ing (entering into, sc. a state of) couple by couple.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dvaya (द्वय).—mn.

(-yaḥ-yaṃ) A pair, a couple, two, chiefly used in composition, as puruṣadvayaṃ two men. E. dvi two, tayap aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dvaya (द्वय).—i. e. dvi + a, I. adj., f. , Of two different sorts, [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 2, 25. Ii. n. 1. A pair, [Yājñavalkya, (ed. Stenzler.)] 1, 59. 2. Two things, [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 1, 53. 3. Both, Mahābhārata 12, 6552.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dvaya (द्वय).—[feminine] ī twofold, double; [neuter] a pair or couple (also [feminine] ī), double nature, falsehood; the masc. & fem. gender ([grammar]).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Dvaya (द्वय):—mf(ī)n. ([from] and in [compound] = dvi) twofold, double, of 2 kinds or sorts, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda; Brāhmaṇa; Mahābhārata] etc. (ye m. [plural] [Śiśupāla-vadha iii, 57])

2) n. idem

3) two things, both (e.g. tejo-, the 2 luminaries, [Śakuntalā iv, 2]), [Yājñavalkya; Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc. (ifc. ā, [Rāmāyaṇa i, 29, 14])

4) twofold nature, falsehood, [Ṛg-veda i, 147, 4 etc.]

5) the masc. and fem. gender [grammar]

6) cf. [Zend] dvaya; [Greek] δοίος.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dvaya (द्वय):—[(yaḥ-yaṃ)] 1. m. n. A pair, two.

[Sanskrit to German]

Dvaya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Dvaya (द्वय) [Also spelled dway]:—(a) two; (nm) pair, couple.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Dvaya (ದ್ವಯ):—[noun] a set of two similar, corresponding or complementary things, persons, animals, etc.; a pair.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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