Dvaravati, Dvāravatī, Dvārāvatī, Dvarāvatī, Dvara-vati: 16 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Dvaravati means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Dvaravati in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Dvāravatī (द्वारवती).—See under Dvārakā.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Dvāravatī (द्वारवती).—(Dvārakā s.v.); a great city of Vāsudeva inhabited by Bhoja, Vṛṣṇi and the Andhakas;1 capital of Kṛṣṇa;2 and abode of Rukmiṇī.

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 61. 23; Vāyu-purāṇa 86. 27; 96. 46.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 48; Matsya-purāṇa 13. 38; 69. 9. Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 33. 10 ff.

1b) The wife of Bhangakāra.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 54.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Dvāravatī (द्वारवती) refers to the name of a River mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. ). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Dvāra-vatī) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Dvāravatī is also mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. II.13.65, III.80.82, III.86.21) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

1. Dvaravati (Dvaraka) - A city in India. It had the sea on one side and a mountain on the other. The Andhakavenhudasaputta tried to take it but in vain, because when the goblin, guarding the city, gave the alarm, the city would rise up in the air and settle on the sea till the enemy disappeared. They then sought Kanhadipayanas advice and fixed the city down with chains. This enabled the Andhakavenhudasaputta to capture it and make it their capital (J.iv.82ff). It was also the capital of King Sivi (J.vi.421). The Petavatthu and its Commentary (Pv.ii.9; PvA.113) speak of Dvaravati as a city of Kamboja. It may be Kamsabhoja which is meant, the country of the Andhakavenhudasaputta.

2. Dvaravati - A city in the time of Siddhattha Buddha. Ap.i.200.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Dvaravati in Jainism glossary
Source: archive.org: Sum Jaina Canonical Sutras (vividhatirthakalpa)

Dvārāvatī (द्वारावती).—Kṛṣṇa installed an image of Pārśva on a sanctified spot in the town of Śaṅkhapura. The festival of ablution at Dvārāvatī dates from that. He worshipped the image after duly installing it in a temple which miraculously escaped destruction when the city of Dvārāvatī was consumed by fire. The sea engulfed this beautiful temple and the image along with Dvārāvatī. Dhaneśvara, a merchant of the town of Kānti rescued the image of the Lord form the water while returning from Siṃhala and took it to his native town where he began to worship it after installing it in a temple erected for the purpose. After the death of Dhaneśvara, Nāgārjuna, the chief of saints, brought that image home by the celestial path for checking passions (rasastambhana), from which circumstance the place was called Stambhanakatīrtha. People used to worship it as a demon.

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

1) Dvāravatī (द्वारवती) is the birth-place of Tripṛṣṭha, Svayambhū and Puruṣottama: three of the nine black Vāsudevas, according to chapter 1.6 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.

2) Dvāravatī (द्वारवती) is the name of a city associated with Surāṣṭraka, which refers to one of the 25½ countries of the Kṣetrāryas, situated in the “middle world” (madhyaloka), according to chapter 2.3.—Accordingly, “In these 35 zones on this side of Mānuṣottara and in the Antaradvīpas, men arise by birth; [...]. From the division into Āryas and Mlecchas they are two-fold. The Āryas have sub-divisions [e.g., kṣetra (country)]. [...] The kṣetrāryas are born in the 15 Karmabhumis. Here in Bharata they have 25½ places of origin (e.g., Surāṣṭraka), distinguishable by cities (e.g., Dvāravatī) in which the birth of Tīrthakṛts, Cakrabhṛts, Kṛṣṇas, and Balas takes place”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Dvaravati in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

dvārāvatī (द्वारावती).—f S Dwarka, the capital of kṛṣṇa. 2 A whitish earth found at Dwarka, esteemed holy.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Dvaravati in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Dvāravatī (द्वारवती) or Dvārāvatī (द्वारावती) or Dvarāvatī (द्वरावती).—= द्वारका (dvārakā) q. v.

See also (synonyms): dvaravat.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Dvāravatī (द्वारवती).—name of a city, said to be in the south, and residence of the god Mahādeva: Gaṇḍavyūha 218.6 ff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dvāravatī (द्वारवती).—f. (-tī) The city Dwaraka. E. dvāra a door, and matup poss. affix; also dvārāvatī .

--- OR ---

Dvārāvatī (द्वारावती).—f. (-tī) Dwaraka: see dvāravatī, &c.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dvāravatī (द्वारवती).—i. e. avara + vant + ī, f. The name of Kṛṣṇa’s residence, [Rāmāyaṇa] 4, 43, 6.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dvāravatī (द्वारवती).—[feminine] [Name] of Kṛṣṇa’s capital.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Dvāravatī (द्वारवती):—[=dvāra-vatī] [from dvāra-vat > dvāra > dvāḥ] f. Name of the capital of Kṛṣṇa, [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa]

2) Dvārāvatī (द्वारावती):—[=dvārā-vatī] [from dvāra > dvāḥ] f. = ra-v, [Varāha-purāṇa]

3) [v.s. ...] Name of Bangkok, [Inscriptions]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Dvāravatī (द्वारवती):—[dvāra-vatī] (tī) 3. f. The city Dwāraka.

2) Dvārāvatī (द्वारावती):—(tī) 3. f. Dwāraka.

[Sanskrit to German]

Dvaravati in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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