Dvadashi, Dvādaśī: 6 definitions

Introduction:

Dvadashi means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Dvādaśī can be transliterated into English as Dvadasi or Dvadashi, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Arcana-dipika - 3rd Edition

Dvādaśī (द्वादशी) refers to one of the various “lunar days” (tithi):—There are approximately 29.5 lunar days in a lunar month. The first fifteen days begin with the first phase of the waxing moon (pratipat) and end with the full moon (pūrṇimā). [...] In accordance with the lunar day, one would utter, [for example, dvādaśī-tithau].

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

dvādaśī (द्वादशी).—f (S) The twelfth day of the half-month.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

dvādaśī (द्वादशी).—f The twelfth day of the half-month.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Dvādaśī (द्वादशी):—[=dvā-daśī] [from dvā-daśa > dvā] a f. (sc. rātri or tithi) the 12th day of the half-month

2) [=dvā-daśī] [from dvā] b f. of 1 dvā-daśa in [compound]

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Dvadashi in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Dvādaśī (द्वादशी):—(nf) the twelfth day of each lunar fortnight.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Dvādaśi (ದ್ವಾದಶಿ):—[noun] the twelfth day of a lunar fortnight.

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Dvādasi (ದ್ವಾದಸಿ):—[noun] = ದ್ವಾದಶಿ [dvadashi].

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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